Then we have started with the last point of the Unit 7, we are going to study THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION. We have to copy the index.
2.THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
A) Rusia under the Tsars
B)The 1971 revolutions
C) THe Bolsstevik rule.
- Civil War and consequences.
- Creation of the USSR.
- New Economic Policy.
- Fight for power.
- Stalinism (1924-1953)
A) Rusia under the Tsars
- IMMENSE EMPIRE, but politically, economically and socially backwards with respect to WesternEurope.
- AUTOCRACY: the Tsar ruled as an absolute monarch. He concentred a lot of powers, there wasn´t a Parliment and there were no elections. He was supported by the Orthodox Church, bureavcracy and the army.
- POLITICAL PARTIES were FORBIDDEN.
- Most of the population were peasants, their living conditions werevery hard and most of them were illiterate.
- Only in same cities there were industries and workers.
|Nicholas II, the Tsar and his family|
Salva and Enrique P. have asked to Paqui same questions about the Revolution.
After that we have continued with the Political Parties:
All the political parties were forbidden.
- CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY: Liberal ideology.
- RUSSIAN SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC LABOUR PARTY: Markist idelogy.
Carmen, Fernando, Laura, Salva have asked questionist to Paqui and she has answered them.
Roxana has said that there is a mistake on the book on page 55 in the sentense "reformists, led by Plejonov and Matov". Then we have continued with the point B, The 1905 Revolution.
The Russian defeat against Japan in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), shaved Russia´s backwardness and encouraged protests.
- JANUARY (1905): a demostration of workers asking for better working conditions was brutally represed by the army: 200 people were killed.
- The revolt extended to other parts of the century.
- Saviets appeared and tried to coordinate protests.
- The Tsar promised to make same reforms, but he didn´t keep his promises.
|Demostration of the Winter Palace Bloody Sunday 9th Juanary 1905|
Then continued with Russia during World War 1:
- Total disaster for the Russian amrmy: they suffered continuous defeats against the Germans, who conquered a large amount of Russian territory.
- The Tsar took personal command of the army and he was considered to be responsible for the disaster.
- At least two millon Russian soldiers and two millian civilans were killed during the war.
- The mobilization of millons of peasants reduced the harvests and provoked a shartage of food, an increase of prices and hunger.
- Increasing desertions in the army and strikes in cities. Soviets reappeared and organized protests.
Then we have saw a presentation done by Paqui last year.
Here you have the link.
Other interesting link is this:
videos/docufilia/docufilia- secretos-historia-ultimos- dias-romanov/1822492/
It´s a documentary about this unit.
Backwards with repect to: retrasado
Fairy tole: cuento de hadas
Agrarian reform: reforma agraria
Battleship Patemkin: El Acarazado Potemkin
Silent movie: película muda.