Sunday, April 30, 2017

National Episodes (Final chapters)


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These are the instructions for the final chapters of your family saga:

CHAPTER 9

You are one of the children of the person who wrote chapters 7 and 8. You continue to work at a news-stand at the Puerta del Sol. As you sell newspapers and magazines, you are up to date with the main events of this period. In this chapter you will have to write in some specific dates, so that you can include the main historical contents of the Restoration period: 

- 1876: On this date you will have to explain the restoration of the monarchy with Alphonse XII, Cánovas del Castillo's plans for the new politica system, the features of the 1876 Constitution and the end of the 3rd Carlist War. You can explain the information you have about political changes and the end of the war as news you've read on the newspaper or comments of some of your clients. 

- 1879: On this date you will have to explain the end of the war in Cuba, the creation of the Conservative and Liberal Party and the founding of the PSOE in Casa Labra in Madrid. Even if the PSOE was illegal at that moment, you can know that it was founded because Casa Labra is very close to the Puerta del Sol and one of the waiters told you about that. 

- 1885: On this date you will have to explain the alternation of the dynastic parties in power and the manipulation of the elections, Alphonse XII's death and the beginning of Mª Christina of Habsburg's regency after El Pardo Agreement. One of you sons has to start working as an apprentice in a printing press. You will also receive an unexpected visit from your relatives in Andalusia. One of your cousins and his/her family come to visit you to Madrid and explain you that they lost their land because they got into debt and couldn't pay the money-lender. They've decided to migrate to Barcelona because they have known that textile industries need workers there and they think they can find a job and start a new life there. You will lend them some money to buy the train tickets to Barcelona. They will promise you to keep in touch through mail and give you the money back as soon as they can. 

- 1891: On this date you will have to explain the approval of the universal suffrage in 1890 and the first elections with this law. You will vote for one of the opposition parties (one of the republican parties) and will be deceived with the results due to electoral manipulation. Your son in the printing press becomes a PSOE member and explains you Marxist ideas, but you consider them too radical. 

You will also receive a letter from your relative in Catalonia explainig the industrialization of the city and the arrival of many immigrants from other provinces to work in the factories. Your relative is attracted by anarchism because the working conditions in the factories are very hard and he/she will explain you the debate between anarcho-syndicalism and propaganda by the deed. He/she has to reject violence. Your relative will also explain you the appearance of Catalanism

-1898: Here you will have to explain the founding of the PNV in the Basque Provinces,  the assassination of Cánovas de Castillo by an anarchist, the outbreak of the War of Cuban Independence and the war against the USA. One of your sons will be conscripted because you can't pay the redemption in cash to avoid the military service (1) and will die at the war.  

As you are very sad, one of your children will write about the 1898 disaster and the beginning of Alphonse XII's reign in 1902.  This person has to say that he/she wants to go on with the story. After what this person writes, you can include some broken sheets, as if someone had torn them out. 

POSTSCRIPT

Imagine that you are a contemporary person in 2017 who finds the diary of your family. Write a short conclusion about what you've read on the diary. 


(1) Redemption in cash: this was the money a family had to pay if they wanted that their son didn't go to the military service or to the war. Rich people paid to avoid their children to serve in the army. Poor people couldn't pay for it and always had to go to war. Republican parties and workers organizations claimed for the elimination of redemption in cash and wanted that everyone, no matter their wealth, did the military service. 

Here you have the presentation with the contents you will need to write the final chapters. You wil have to hand them in at the end of May. 





Thursday, March 2, 2017

Project: Do you think economics is difficult? It's not!

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With this new project we are going to explain economic concepts in an easy way, so that everybody can understand. Every group will work on a part of the unit  to explain the contents we have studied in class in a creative way. You can choose the way to explain every part. It can be: 

- A video with drawings. 
- A theater play recorded on video
- Some songs (a mini-musical)
- A comic strip telling a story. 
- A radio program

... or any other ideas you have. 

These are the contents every group will work on: 

GROUP 1: Economics. economic activities and economic sectors

GROUP 2: Factors of production and economic agents

GROUP 3: Taxes, tax evasion, tax havens... You can include an advertising campaign to convince people about the importance of paying taxes. 

GROUP 4: Labour market

GROUP 5: Economic systems: subsistence economy and capitalism

GROUP 6: Economic systems: centrally planned economy and alternative economics

GROUP 7: Economic crises and basic vocabulary (inflation, CPI/RPI, GDP, sovereign debt, Stock Exchange Market)


Modern Times

This is Charles Chaplin's full movie Modern Times, a very good film to understand the changes in industrial work as a consequence of mechanization:



Paying more or less taxes?

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If you are asked whether you like paying more or less taxes, almost everybody will answer "less".But maybe the question should be "Do you want to enjoy more or less public services?" If the question was this one, maybe the answer would be rather different.

Here you have some articles where you can check that the countries where people pay more taxes are those that enjoy more and better quality public services, those where poverty is lower, there are less economic differences and the needy get what they need to have a decent life:

WHY DO THE FRENCH TOLERATE SUCH HIGH TAXES?

http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2013/09/economist-explains-13

WHY SWEDES ARE OKAY WITH PAYING TAXES:

https://sweden.se/society/why-swedes-are-okay-with-paying-taxes/

WHY DANES HAPPILY PAY HIGH RATES OF TAXES

https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2016-01-20/why-danes-happily-pay-high-rates-of-taxes

BETTER PUBLIC SERVICES WILL INEVITABLY MEAN HIGHER TAXES (about Ireland)

http://www.irishtimes.com/business/economy/better-public-services-will-inevitably-mean-higher-taxes-1.2414323

Here you have vsome graphs in which you can compare the consequences in real life of paying more or less taxes and having more or less public services. The comparison is between Denmark and the USA:

POVERTY RATES


CHILD POVERTY RATES



HEALTH CARE


WEEKS OF PAID PARENTAL LEAVE


WEEKS OF GUARANTEED VACATION


WELFARE EXPENDITURES




Finally, here you have an animated video paid by the California Federation of Teachers to explain the consequences of paying less taxes and reducing the amount of money the wealthiest people pay: 





Do you continue to think that that paying lower taxes is better?

Tax havens and tax fraud

Here you have two short videos about how tax havens work and the cost of tax fraud in the EU:





And these are two short videos from AJ+ about how the big corporations avoid paying taxes:





Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Presentations about the economic organization of societies and economic sectors

These are the presentations that correspond to the units about Economics and the economic sectors. They will be useful for the new projects.












Subsidiarity principle

This is the short video to understand the subsidiarity principle, which means a distribution of tasks between the different administrations, so that the services that can be provided by one institution don't have to be provided by the others.