Thursday, March 2, 2017

Project: Do you think economics is difficult? It's not!

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With this new project we are going to explain economic concepts in an easy way, so that everybody can understand. Every group will work on a part of the unit  to explain the contents we have studied in class in a creative way. You can choose the way to explain every part. It can be: 

- A video with drawings. 
- A theater play recorded on video
- Some songs (a mini-musical)
- A comic strip telling a story. 
- A radio program

... or any other ideas you have. 

These are the contents every group will work on: 

GROUP 1: Economics. economic activities and economic sectors

GROUP 2: Factors of production and economic agents

GROUP 3: Taxes, tax evasion, tax havens... You can include an advertising campaign to convince people about the importance of paying taxes. 

GROUP 4: Labour market

GROUP 5: Economic systems: subsistence economy and capitalism

GROUP 6: Economic systems: centrally planned economy and alternative economics

GROUP 7: Economic crises and basic vocabulary (inflation, CPI/RPI, GDP, sovereign debt, Stock Exchange Market)


Modern Times

This is Charles Chaplin's full movie Modern Times, a very good film to understand the changes in industrial work as a consequence of mechanization:



Paying more or less taxes?

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If you are asked whether you like paying more or less taxes, almost everybody will answer "less".But maybe the question should be "Do you want to enjoy more or less public services?" If the question was this one, maybe the answer would be rather different.

Here you have some articles where you can check that the countries where people pay more taxes are those that enjoy more and better quality public services, those where poverty is lower, there are less economic differences and the needy get what they need to have a decent life:

WHY DO THE FRENCH TOLERATE SUCH HIGH TAXES?

http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2013/09/economist-explains-13

WHY SWEDES ARE OKAY WITH PAYING TAXES:

https://sweden.se/society/why-swedes-are-okay-with-paying-taxes/

WHY DANES HAPPILY PAY HIGH RATES OF TAXES

https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2016-01-20/why-danes-happily-pay-high-rates-of-taxes

BETTER PUBLIC SERVICES WILL INEVITABLY MEAN HIGHER TAXES (about Ireland)

http://www.irishtimes.com/business/economy/better-public-services-will-inevitably-mean-higher-taxes-1.2414323

Here you have vsome graphs in which you can compare the consequences in real life of paying more or less taxes and having more or less public services. The comparison is between Denmark and the USA:

POVERTY RATES


CHILD POVERTY RATES



HEALTH CARE


WEEKS OF PAID PARENTAL LEAVE


WEEKS OF GUARANTEED VACATION


WELFARE EXPENDITURES




Finally, here you have an animated video paid by the California Federation of Teachers to explain the consequences of paying less taxes and reducing the amount of money the wealthiest people pay: 





Do you continue to think that that paying lower taxes is better?

Tax havens and tax fraud

Here you have two short videos about how tax havens work and the cost of tax fraud in the EU:





And these are two short videos from AJ+ about how the big corporations avoid paying taxes:





Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Presentations about the economic organization of societies and economic sectors

These are the presentations that correspond to the units about Economics and the economic sectors. They will be useful for the new projects.












Subsidiarity principle

This is the short video to understand the subsidiarity principle, which means a distribution of tasks between the different administrations, so that the services that can be provided by one institution don't have to be provided by the others.


Thursday, February 16, 2017

Left or right?

Here you have some schemes to understand the differences between left  and right wing parties:










Some short videos about the Industrial Revolution

Here you have a short video that explain the big changes the Industrial Revolution caused:




And this video explains the agricultural revolution:


Presentation of Unit 6

This is the presentation we are going to use to study Unit 6:

 

National Episodes (Part 2)

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These are the instructions to continue with the National Episodes project. The following chapters witll happen during these historical periods:

- FERDINAND VII's REIGN

- THE REGENCIES: Mª CHRISTINA' S REGENCY (1833-1840) AND GENERAL ESPARTERO'S REGENCY (1840-1843)

- ISABELLA II'S REIGN (1843-1868)

- DEMOCRATIC SEXENIO (1868-1874)

CHAPTER 5 

Your story starts in 1820. You are the youngest son of the man who worked for Goya in chapters 3 and 4. You were born in 1804, so you are 16 at the beginning of this chapter. Your father was sent to jail due to his liberal ideas and died there some years ago. You had to start working at the age of 12 as a fruit street seller in the Puerta del Sol in Madrid. Your father died in jail and you hate the absolutists. You have become a liberal, as your father was. 

Here you will have to explain Ferdinand VII's reign:

- Repression during the Absolutist Sexenio (1814-1820).

- Liberal Triennium (1820-1823)

- Ominous Decade (1823-1833)


During the Liberal Triennium you have to visit Goya  in his house (Deaf Man's House) and watch the Black Paintings on its walls. Give yor opinion about these paintings. Explain the main reforms of this period and the intervention of the Holy Alliance to restore absolutism. 

During the Ominous Decade you receive the news that Goya has decided to exile in France, because he can't stand absolutism. You have to explain the main events of this period, such as the loss of the colonies and the succession problem. 

In this chapter you have to get married and have some children. You have difficulties to make ends meet. 

CHAPTER 6

In this chapter you will have to explain the period of the Regencies (1833-1843). This chapter starts in 1833. You are the same person as in chapter 5 and you are 29 years old.

The Carlist War has already started . The Army is offering a better salary than the one you earn and you've decided to become a soldier of the royal army. Your battalion will be destined to  the Basque Provinces and fight against the Carlists there. You will belong to Espartero's army and become his admirer. You will have to leave your family and won't come back home until the end of the war in 1839. You will send your salary to your familiy, so that they can survive. You will keep contact with them through the mail. 

You will have to explain the main events of the war and also comment on the division of the liberals and political changes of the liberal revolution  with your army comrades. You will have to become a supporter of the progressive party and one of your best friends has to be a supporter of the moderates.  

You will have to be happy when Espartero becomes the regent, but you have to become disappointed with his authoritarianism

At the end of this chapter you are 39 years old. 

CHAPTER 7

In this chapter you will have to explain Isabella II's reign (1843-1868). You are one of the children of the man who wrote chapters 5 and 6. You continue to be a street seller in the Puerta del Sol, as your father was.  You have to start writing in 1854

Firts you will have to explain the main reforms and problems of the Moderate Decade. Your father re-enlisted in the army during the 2nd Carlist War (1847-1849) and died in the Catalan front. You have to choose which party you will support: the moderate party, progressive party ideas, the democratic party (created in 1849) or the Liberal Union (created in 1854). You have to speak about the corruption scandals that led to the 1854 revolution and your opinion about the reforms of the Progressive Biennium and the workers and peasants' disappointment because their lives aren't improving.

After this, you will have to explain the last period of Isabella II's reign, with the alternation of the Liberal Union and the moderates in government,  the exclusion of the progressives and the democrats, the increasing discontent againts the queen and repression against protests. You have to be very impressed about the Saint Daniel's Night events in the Puerta del Sol and join those who want to overthrow Isabella II's monarchy. Give your opinion about the disgusting watercolour paintings about the queen and her lovers.

This is a link to understand the Saint Daniel's Night events:

http://www.acuaformacion.es/blog/la-noche-de-san-daniel-la-noche-del-matadero/

Here you have the link to the watercolours called The Naked Bourbons, attributed to the Bécquer brothers:

http://es.slideshare.net/perebcn/los-borbones-en-pelotas-becquer1869-231699

Don't forget to tell about your personal life too.


CHAPTER 8

The content of this chapter will refer to the Democratic Sexenio (1868-1874). 

In this chapter you are the same person as in chapter 7. You will participate in the 1868 Glorious Revolution and be excited with the new reforms of the Provisional Government. As there was freedom of the press, a lot of newspapers were published and you have decided to open a newstand in the Puerta del Sol. Every day you will have to wake up very early to pick up the main newspapers and sell them in your shop.

You have to include all the news of this period: the outbreak of a war in Cuba, the search for a king, General Prim's assassination, Amadeus of Savoy's reign, the beginning of the 3rd Carlist War, the 1st Republic and its problems, General Pavía's coup d' État and the restoration of the monarchy with Alphonse XII through a new coup d'État led by General Martínez Campos in December 1874. Give your opinion and include people who participate in all these events in your diary.

One of your children will be the protagonist of the following chapters.

Read the notes of Unit 5 before starting to write and watch the presentations with the historical contents you have to include:







The deadline to hand in these chapters will be the following:

- CHAPTERS 5 AND 6: 3rd March

- CHAPTERS 7 AND 8:  24th of March.