Thursday, December 15, 2016

Bad news for Spain's population future

This week the INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística) has published the birth and mortality rates of 2016 first semester and they are really worrying. There have been 13,000 deaths more than the number of births and we are losing 72 inhabitants per day. If we did the calculations of Spain's natural growth right now, we would have negative growth (Stage 5 according to the Demographic Transition model). Here you have a short report in Spanish from the TV news:

This graph shows Spain's declining fertility rate:

This one shows Spain's declining population:

Here you have a graph that shows the migratory balance in the last years:

This is the projection for Spain's population pyramid in 2023:

If you want to learn more about this topic and its negative consequences for the economy, here you have two links. The firts one is shorter and the second one is more complete: 

How to draw a population pyramid

Here you have a short video that explains how to draw a population pyramid by hand:

And on this link you can watch a more detailed explanation:

 You can also draw population pyramids using computer software, such as Excel:


And here you have other tutorials to draw the pyramid with Google spreadsheet, that you will find on your Google Drive. You can access Google Drive from your e-mail account, clicking on the small squares that appear on the right top of your screen.

Sunday, December 11, 2016

Population pyramids

Here you have some videos about population pyramids and what they teach us about the demographic situation of a country:

Friday, December 2, 2016

Some extra information about infant mortality rate

Here you have three short videos about infant mortality rate, which is more precise to explain the real situation of healthcare in a country. If you pay attention to the firts video, you will discover that the countries with the highest infant mortality rate are among the LEDCs. These countries have lack of hospitals and doctors, suffer malnutrition, pregnancies are not controlled by the doctors and many children die under the age of 1. But the two following videos show that the USA infant mortality rate is higher than the average of the MEDCs. And this is why their healthcare system is not good. Patients receive only the cares they can pay and many families can't afford paying a good insurance. This case shows how important a good an accessible healthcare system is to reduce mortality among the most vulnerable people, children.