Monday, December 21, 2015

Monday, 21th December 2015

Hi, I'm Jaime and today it's my turn to do the review of the lesson so let's go. At the begining of the lesson, Irene has corrected her information about the Revolutionary calendar.
Then Paqui has explained us that a lot of people got muddled with the revolutionary clock so they decided to follow the normal clock.

REVOLUTIONARY CLOCK                                                
Resultado de imagen de












Then Paqui has showed the months of the revolutionary calendar on put the digital board




After this, we have converted our birthday's date into the date of the revolutionary calendar:

http://www.windhorst.org/calendar/     

Here I'm including the link of the revolutionary calendar converter:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Republican_Calendar     

Here I'm including  the calendar.

My birthday is 11th Nivôse and that day was dedicated to  Granite.

Paqui has explained  us that some people put the name of Marianne to their  babies because Marianne was the name of the personification of  the revolution

Later Jorge  has explained who Olympe de Gouges was . She was a French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience.

Then Paqui has  explained us who Mary Wollstonecraft was. She vindicated the rights of women. Her succesors fought for the same cause.

Finally we have  given our opinion about the  general election. The teacher has showed the seats of all the parties and the posibles coalitions too


NEW WORDS:
Buddy: colega, tío
Bud: capullo
Fog: niebla
Manure: estiércol
Meadow: pradera
Pioneer: pionero
Shovel: Pala
Seat; escaño
Split up: separarse






Thursday, December 17, 2015

Thursday, 17th December 2015

Hello classmates!

Today in Social Sciences, first of all, Paqui has given us our final marks.Obviously, I haven't got the best mark, but I'm going to improve it, because I know my mistakes and I'm going to check them for the next term to get a better mark. Also Paqui has explained us the evolution of the blog, and we have impressed about it, because many people from other countries visit this page, people from America and Russia read our comments, I feel very important!!! Did you?
As you have watched in the news, yesterday there was an incident in Pontevedra with a boy and the President  Mariano Rajoy, the boy prentended to take a selfie with him but suddenly the boy gave a hard punch to Rajoy's face. The first time I saw this I felt very sad because in my opinion, as all we know that all politicians in this country steal a lot of money, we have to be frustrated with them, but not to the point that we have to attack them. If we continue in this way, this country is going from bad to worse. (I repeat that is my personal opinion)
We have seen also theory, hahaha. As we've started the last class with the Democratic Republic, today Paqui has given us a small summary of this point and she has explained us more about this, that the Threat of Invasion led to the Semptember massacres. Why September? Because France was being attacked and the King had betrayed the country, and more than 1,000 killed due to the suspicions of the counter -revolution. There was a example of massacre in 20th September 1792.

The Battle of Valmy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Valmy

After the battle, the Assembly was called National Convention where the 1st thing they did was proclaiming the Republic. This was the 1st Republic in France. France has had 5 republics up to this moment. They are in the 5th Republic now, as Paqui has said

For the next class, we have homework, we have to look for information on Internet about Revolutionary Calendar and Olympe de Gouges. In the next class we'll talk about them.


Finally, we've talked about the National Convention in a brief scheme: 


As you can see, the scheme talks about what powers the National Convention concentrated, what its main task was and the different stages. Today we've only studied the concentration  of power and its main task, and one of the Stages, the Girondists (from 1792-1739), but not at all, only a few information.

I have to accept that this class has been very interesting, but not about the theory. All the problems that happen in the whole world, as wars, politics, life of famous people, we talk about all in this class, and that's why I like this subject, because all the things that nowadays occur are related to Social Sciences because are things that are going to have and important paper in history. And also that Paqui likes to know about our opinions of some problems of the dairy life.

Nothing else to say, bye!!!! 


VOCABULARY

Give a punch: dar un puñetazo
Impressed: impresionado
Pretend: pretender, fingir
Attack: (in this case) agredir, pegar
Frustrated: frustrados, enfadados
Massacre: masacre
Accept: aceptar, asumir
Nowadays: hoy en día 




Tuesday, December 15, 2015

Scheme of the origin of the political groups in the French Revolution



Cordeliers convent, the place where the Cordeliers Club met



This is a scheme in French where you can see the origin of the political clubs and groups during the French Revolution:







And this is a link to a post I wrote three years ago about this topic. You can complete your notes with it if you want or need it: 

http://todayinsocialsciences.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/political-groups-during-french.html



Closing of the Jacobin Club (27th  July 1794)




Tuesday, 15th December 2015

Hi!! :3
Today in Social Sciences class, at the beginning of the lesson, we have checked a little of the end of the monarchy and then Paqui has showed us a mind map about the Jacobins and their origin.



http://www.moncahier.info/quatrieme/clubauxpartis.jpg





After of that, we have continued with the point of The Democratic Republic and the creation of a provisional excutive council, in charge of the goverment and the creation of a new assambly by universal suffrage in September 1792.


https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/14/AN_fran%C3%A7aise_1792.png/350px-AN_fran%C3%A7aise_1792.png



https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Jugement_de_Louis_XVI_par_la_convention_nationale_dans_la_salle_du_Man%C3%A9ge.gif


Paqui has showed us the methods used to torture and kill the criminal people were tortured and assassinated in this century.

The people of this century used a lot of different types of forms to kill the criminals. They use the gallows, beheading machines like the Garote and the Guillotine which is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading. (The Guillotine name comes for the French surgeon Joseph Ignace Guillotin)




Guillotine

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fb/Guillotine_Best.jpg


Apart from that, the people didn't want to kill immediately so they wanted to make people confess and they made torture machines.










 There was another execution machine called Garotte. The Garotte is a weapon most often referring to a handheld ligature of chain rope, scarf, wire or fishing line used to strangle a person
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/76/Fomfr_garrote.jpg/220px-Fomfr_garrote.jpg





In the Ancien Regime when someone kill an                                                    important person like a noble or someone of the                                                       clergy or was accused for treason or forging money, they were executed.
Also during the French revolution the people                                                             who win were the heroes and the people who                                                            lose were terrorists or criminals so they were                                                                                                 kill.


http://www.ultimatehistoryproject.com/uploads/3/0/6/7/3067335/493948_orig.jpg?303



We have strayed of the theme and we started talking about the atrocities that people do to others in different countries. We talk about the lapidation in Muslim countries. There, when a woman does something that contradict their holy book, they are punished to lapidation. The women are buried on the floor and the people throw them stones until they die.
Connected to that we started talk of the radical people and their thinking. Paqui has said that it doesn't matter if a person had leftist or rightist ideology to be a bad person.
Then we have talked about the violence and we said that the violence came from the education of a person.

We have connected themes again and we have finished talking of the Francoists and the Nazis. At the moment there are people that defend that thinking and others who don't know anything about that and they defend this too.
Also there are people who pull pranks about these themes and it's a lack of respect for the people who had to suffer the dictatorship of these two monsters.


Today was a fantastic and interesting day, we have contributed in this discussion and we've learn a lot about the bad society.

New vocabulary
Massacre: Masacre.
take revenge: Vengarse.
Guillotine: Guillotina.
Blade: Cuchilla.
Humanitarian: Humanitario.
Garotte: Garote.
Excutioner: Verdugo.
Bleading: Desagrado.
Shooting: Fusilamiento.
Lapidation/Stoning: Lapidar.
Executioner: Verdugo.
Bleeding: Desangrado.

Monday, December 14, 2015

Monday, 14th December 2015

Hi classmates!
In the last Social Sciences' lesson, on Friday, Paqui gave us some homework to search about the Political groups in the French Revolution on the Internet, today in class she has explained about them. Now I'm going to summarize her explanation:
-First Paqui has spoken about the Feuillants: they were monarchists. They defended the king and a constitutional monarchy. They sat on the right of the Legislative Assembly. Outstanding members: Lafayette.
Lafayette
-Then, she has continued speak about the Republicans who were divided into three groups:
  • GIRONDISTS: many of their deputies came from the Gironde region, they were the representatives of the big burgeoisie and they defended freedom over other rights. They wanted to expand the revolution outside France. Outstanding members: Brissot, Verginaud...
    Gironde region

    Brissot

    Vergniaud
  • JACOBINS: at the begginnig the Jacobin club hosted the meetings of representatives of all trends, but after the king's treason only the most radical members stayed there. They defended the equality over other rights, a centralized State and the consolidation of the Revolution in France. The most radical representatives were called Montagnards, because they sat at the left top on the Assembly. Outstanding members: Robespierre, Danton...

    Danton and Robespierre
  • CORDELIERS: their name comes from the place they met (Franciscans' convent). They were republicans from the begginning and they wanted universal suffrage and represented the interests of the humble people. That's why they received the support of the Sans-culottes. They demanded extreme decisions to make the revolution go on. Outstanding members: Marat
Marat
-And to finish I'm going to say all the new words that we have learned today:
  • Feuillant monks: Monjes Bernardos
  • Gironde: La Gironda
  • Host: Albergar/huésped
  • Humble: Humilde
  • Jacobin: Jacobino
  • Politicize: Politizar
  • Whence: De donde

Thursday, December 10, 2015

Thursday, 10th of december

Hello classmates! Today I'm going to explain what we've learnt in Social Sciences.

At the beginning of the lesson, Paqui has given us our notebooks, with the corresponding corrections. After this, we've reviewed the contents we learnt in the previous lesson about the women's march of Versailles, but the contents we've learnt today are about the Constitutional Monarchy.

First, Paqui has explained us the National Constituent Assembly ( June 1789 - September 1791). The main work was the 1791 Constitution, that included the principles of political liberalism, but it also included some features in favour of the monarchy and limited reforms, like the veto power for King and census suffrage.

Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/Constitution_de_1791._Page_1_-_Archives_Nationales_-_AE-I-10-1.jpg

Other reforms they did were the nationalization of the clergy properties to reduce State debt and the Civil Constitution of the clergy was included, so, the clergy became dependent from the State and had to swear allegiance to the Constitution.

As the enemies of the Revolution conspired against these decisions, the king tried to flight to Varennes (Austria) because he didn't like the National Constitution Assembly. However the king was discovered in a staging post by a man who had worked in Versailles Palace. The king and his wife were sent back to Paris. After this happened, many people lost confidence in Louis XVI and he had to sign the Constitution.

This is a picture that represents Louis XVI arriving in Paris after the flight to Varennes.

Source:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Duplessi-Bertaux_-_Arrivee_de_Louis_Seize_a_Paris.png

After the approval of the Constitution the Legislative Assembly was elected, with a lot of diputies who grouped depending on their opinion and sat down on the right or on the left depending of their opinion about the revolution. Some of them were in favour of the monarchy and others in favour of the republic. However, there were a lot of diputies who didn't have a no defined position. The tradition the political parties follow when they sit down in the parliaments comes from the Legislative Assembly.


The king continued to conspire against the Assembly and contacted with other countries to end with the revolution. In April 1792 France declared war on Austria. In August the people of Paris stormed the Tuileries Palace, after discovering the king's conspiracy, arrested the royal family and suspended the king's power. 

There are also some words we've learnt and copied on the glossary:

active citizens: ciudadanos activos (with right to vote)
census suffrage: sufragio censitario (only richest people can vote)
civil servant: funcionarios
conspire: conspirar
conspiracy: conspiración
flight : huida
flee: huir
hamper: obstaculizar, poner obstáculo
monarchist: monárquico
overthrow: derribar
passive citizens: ciudadanos pasivos ( they can't vote)
staging post: casa de postas
useless: inútil
veto power: derecho de veto
veto: vetar, rechazar algo

For Monday Paqui has given us some homework: we have to search on the internet who where fevillants, girondists, jacobins, cordeliers, montagnaros and sans culottes.

And this is all we've learnt in Social Sciences. See you in class!! :)

Thursday, December 3, 2015

3rd December 2015


Hello!!

Today in Social Sciences, we have studied the Tennis Court Oath, the Storming of the Bastille, the Great Fear and the National Constituent Assembly.

The Tennis Court Oath was made by the representatives of the Third Estate, some nobles and some members of the clergy. They formed a National Assembly, declared themselves the legitimate representatives of the nation and promised to stay there until France had a Constitution. The king accepted this and ordered the nobles and the clergy to join the Assembly, which started writing a Constitution.




https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6d/Le_Serment_du_Jeu_de_paume.jpg


Then, Paqui has explained the Storming of the Bastille and the Great Fear:
There were two popular reactions in the summer of 1789, the Storming of the Bastille, which was to avoid the reaction of the king against the National Assembly and the people attacked the Prision of the Bastille because it was a symbol of absolutism and they didn’t want this ; and the Great Fear, in which many peasants attacked castles and manors and destroyed the property titles of the lands in the countryside.



https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/StormingBastille.jpg/300px-StormingBastille.jpg



https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/fb/b9/dd/fbb9dd236a927df4d429427c667f6f42.jpg


After that, Paqui has explained the end of the Ancien Régime in France:
The Ancien Régime ended because the National Assembly published the Declaration of the Rights of the Man and the Citizen and abolished feudalism.


Finally, she has explained the women’s march on Versailles:
It was a protest of thousands of women because the king showed his reluctance to sign the Declaration of the Rights of the Man and the Citizen. The women went to Versailles to protest about the high prices of the staples and they demanded that the royal family returned to Paris.



https://bethtrissel.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/womens-march-to-versailles.jpg?w=300&h=158


For homework, we have to do the scheme about the women’s march on Versailles.

At the end of the class, we have given our notebooks to Paqui.



New vocabulary

Reluctantly: a regañadientes
Reluctant: reacio a
Mercenary: mercenario
Great Fear: el Gran Miedo
Storming: ataque, asalto
Storm: atacar violentamente
Manor: casa solariega
Retaliation: represalia
Tithe: diezmo
Seigneurial rights: derechos señoriales o feudales
Treason: traicionar
Issue: publicar, promulgar





Wednesday, December 2, 2015

1st December 2015



Hello!!!!

Yesterday in class of Social Science Paqui has explained the Frech revolutions. The causes of the revolution were:

- Economic crisis: bad harvests, icrease of prices of staples.
-Financial crisis: huge State deficit.
-Discontent of the bourgeois.
-Influence of the ideas of Enlightenment.

Then she has explained the beginning of the revolution, she has wrote a summary in the blackboard:

- Fowr differrent finance ministers advised king Louis XVI that the privileged complained and demanded the call of the Estates-General.

-Call of the Estates-General:

  • Every estate wrote its demands in books of grievances.
  • The traditional way of the Estate-General was: separated weetings, same number of deputies for every estate and voting.
  • The Third EState denamded: collective meetings, double representation and voting person. The king only gave double representation.
- Meeting of the Estates-General:

  • The meeting started in the traditional way, but the deputies of the Third Estate continued to complain. On the 19th June the king closed the Estates-General. The representative of the Third Estate looked for an alternative place atennis court on the 20th June they made the Tennis Court Oath.
After Paqui showed a video of a teacher singing a French revolution. Finally Paqui has gave the exam.


Monday, November 30, 2015

Presentation to study the French Revolution

This is the presentation we'll use to study the first part of the new unit. Have a look on it, because it includes new information that you don't have in your books:



Do you want to sing more? The French Revolution!

Here you have three songs composed by the History Teachers for Music Lovers. You will remember the singer. She's the same one who sang Fleas on rats, the song about the Black Death.

The songs cover three topics: a general overview about the French Revolution, a biography of Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI's wife, and Napoleon Bonaparte's story. I'm sure that you will remember the refrain of the first one ;)











30/11/2015

Today in social sciences we have done the exam.
There were questions for every unit.The ones fron the 17th century were compulsary and the ones fron other units were only for the people who hadn't gave Paqui the projects or who failed them.
I had only to answer the 17th century questions. There was a question of explaining some terms and another to choose one topic and explain it, the two options were: the Thirty Years war and the English rebolutions. I have chosen the second one.





Saturday, November 28, 2015

Today in history... The death of GianLorenzo Bernini

Today, but 335 years ago, the most outstanding Baroque architect and sculptor, GianLorenzo Bernini, died.
Bernini was born on the 7 December 1598, in Naples. He was the 6th of a family of 13 brothers and sisters. When he was 8, he went to Rome with his father, and there, his skills were noticed by a lot of people, and he worked for some important people, like the nephew of the Pope, Pope Urban VII, or Pope Alexander VII. He worked with Francesco  Borromini and Pietro da Cortona in the Barberini's Palace, but after he competed with them for some important works. But, among Borromini and da Cortona, Bernini was better
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d5/Gian_Lorenzo_Bernini,_self-portrait,_c1623.jpg/245px-Gian_Lorenzo_Bernini,_self-portrait,_c1623.jpg

Bernini did a lot of architecture works, for example St. Peter's Square
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plaza_de_San_Pedro#/media/File:St_Peter%27s_Square,_Vatican_City_-_April_2007.jpg

The Church of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sant%27Andrea_al_Quirinale#/media/File:Monti_-_S_Andrea_al_Quirinale_1.JPG

Or the palazzo Montecitorio
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palazzo_Montecitorio#/media/File:Palazzo_Montecitorio,_Rome.jpg

He also had a lot of sculpture works, like, for example, Apollo and Daphne and much more
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apolo_y_Dafne_(escultura_de_Bernini)#/media/File:ApolloAndDaphne.JPG

He died on the 28th November 1680, in Rome, and he was buried in the Bernini's family vault, along with his parents, in the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore

Thursday, November 26, 2015

26th November 2015

Hi there !! I'm Santiago and I'm going to tell you what we have done today in Social Sciences class.

First of all, we have talked about the exam, because the next Social Sciences class is the exam about the 17th century. We can be there at 8:00, so we can start the exam before the bell rings, and we'll have more time to do the exam (I hope we'd have enough time to do it)

Today we have started with Unit 3: The French Revolution, the Napoleonic Era, Liberalism and Nationalism.

We have studied something about how did the French Revolution started. It started in 1789, in the Tennis Court oath. They killed Luis XVI, the current king at that time and they proclaimed the republic. The revolution lasted from 1789 to 1815
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Le_Serment_du_Jeu_de_paume.jpg

Then, we have talked about Napoleon. Napoleon was the 1st emperor of the 1st French Empire. He started war with almost every country, but people preferred it instead of Absolutism.
http://www.monografias.com/trabajos64/dialogos-napoleon/dialogos-napoleon_image027.jpg

Then, we have been speaking about something about Spanish Kings. We have talked about Ferdinand VII, which is possibly the worst king of the entire Hispanic Monarchy, and as Charles IV lost the crown after a conspiracy of his son, he asked Napoleon for help. Napoleon sent Joseph I to Spain to fix some things, but people didn't want him and the  Peninsular War started. After that war, Joseph I (who is possibly the best king we have ever had) came back to France.
http://hubpages.com/education/Joseph-Bonaparte-of-Bordentown-New-Jersey#

Later, we have talked about Isabella II. This was also a bad Queen. She knew she had to reign, but in the end she didn't do much . She only held the power, and at the end of her kingdom, a revolution took place. Then, Amadeus I became King, but at the end he left because he didn't want to rule over the Spaniards because they didn't do what he wanted, and he abdicated. Thus, the 1st Republic was proclaimed. This republic only lasted for a year, so... It's the same as if we haven't had any republic

http://www.almendron.com/artehistoria/historia-de-espana/edad-contemporanea/liberalismo-y-romanticismo-en-tiempos-de-isabel-ii/

http://aquifuetroya.com/2013/10/20/he-venido-a-reinar-a-un-pais-de-locos/

And we have also talked about Thanksgiving, because today is the last Thursday of November, and therefore, today is Thanksgiving, and much more things about the USA. Paqui has told us that the main parties there don't want people to vote, because they have very strict rules, for example, they have to go voting on Thursday, they have to apply to a list like... 3 months before the date of the elections, and if you have more than 3 offences, no matter how hard they are, you can't vote.


New Vocabulary:
Turkey-Pavo
Syllabus- Programa de estudios
Rightist- De derechas

And that's all for today. Bye !!

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

24th November 2015

Hello! I'm Diana 

Today at the beginning of the lesson Paqui has told us that today she wants to start the new unit but in the end we haven't started the next unit because we were very persistent of listening to the songs of the rest of our classmates.



Paqui has decided to play one of Eva and María's songs first. The song was about the 13 colonies and the independence of the USA. I like their song, it is a very memorable song.

Then she has played one composed by María Lucas and me. The song was about the Enlightenment, but only María sing this song (lucky me). When the song has started the class was in silence and no one could believe how good María sings. When the song has finished everyone has clapped.

The next ones to sing were Lorena and Lucía. They haven't used an audio, they have sung in front of us, I think they have been very courageous. I like their song about Enlightenment. And also all the people have clapped.

Then was Carlota, Lidia and Jorge's turn. Their song was about the Bourbons. Jorge was complainig because his voice was louder than the girls voice, so we have mostly listened to him. But Paqui have also played another of their songs, this one was about the Ancien Regime and Carlota has to sing it in front of everyone. But at the end some people of the class have also accompanyied her.

Let's talk about Andrei and Eva Lopez's turn. The song was also about the Enlightenment. In the first part of the song only Eva was singing so she was very embarrased. But Andrei sang too. Almost all the people of the class have said that he was talking not singing.

After them was Carlos and Antonio's turn. Their song was about the Enlightened Despotism. The truth is that everyone was speaking so no one have listened to their song but I thing they were happy of that because they were very embarrassed. At the end (even if they weren't listening) everyone has clapped.

Then was Irene and Santiago's song about the Ancien Regime. They weren't singing, the one that was singing was Esther.

The next ones were Sara and Manal. Their song was about the Spanish Succession War. They sing very well.

And the one of Fátima and María Muñoz was about the Ancien Regime. They used the song of Carly Rae Jensen, "Call me maybe".

And the last one was one of Fernando and Anca. The song was about the Independence of the USA. Paqui said the Fernando has a very good voice, but also the song was very funny.

It has beed a very funny class, everyone was laughing and having fun.



Bye! ;)

Monday, November 23, 2015

Monday 23rd of November

Hi! I'm María.
Today in social sciences class we have seen the reigns of Charles III and Charles IV.
First they have explained us about Charles III.

Before being king of Spain he was king of Naples for 20 years where he received the influence of enlightenment so he had enlightened ministers (Esquilache, Grimaldi, Floridablanca...). In 1766 happened the Esquilache riots: Charles III had a reform program. His prime minister started the reforms, but the privileges saw these reforms as an attack to their privileges. In 1766 Esquilache issued a decree ordering to cut out cloaks and hats to avoid criminals' impunity. These decree was the excuse used by privileged to instigate the revolt against Esquilache, taking advantage of their discontent, due to the high prices of revolt.
The consequences of these reforms were; all these reforms had a possitive effect in demography but a bad effect in economy (production increased and so did the population but the majority continued to be poor)
He also do other reforms in economy (liberalization with the trade with the indies, colonization of new lands, suport of economic societies...), in educational (creation of primary school and reform of universities), in administration (reinforcement of the authority of the king over the Church, the king declaring the honesty of all professions...) and limited the privileges of the Mesta.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Retrato_de_Carlos_III_de_Espa%C3%B1a.jpg/448px-Retrato_de_Carlos_III_de_Espa%C3%B1a.jpg

At the end of the class she has explained us a little about Charles IV; he was the son of Charles IV, he wasn't able to government, at first he followed the advices of his father like had the ministers that he told him but later he did changed them.
Resultado de imagen de charles ivPaqui says that he has some similarities with Jonh Charles I
http://www.nndb.com/people/910/000097619/charles-iv-1-sized.jpg

Also we have listened to some of our songs about ancient regime, enlightenment, independece of USA, succesion war....