At the beginning of the lesson, Paqui has given us our notebooks, with the corresponding corrections. After this, we've reviewed the contents we learnt in the previous lesson about the women's march of Versailles, but the contents we've learnt today are about the Constitutional Monarchy.
First, Paqui has explained us the National Constituent Assembly ( June 1789 - September 1791). The main work was the 1791 Constitution, that included the principles of political liberalism, but it also included some features in favour of the monarchy and limited reforms, like the veto power for King and census suffrage.
Other reforms they did were the nationalization of the clergy properties to reduce State debt and the Civil Constitution of the clergy was included, so, the clergy became dependent from the State and had to swear allegiance to the Constitution.
As the enemies of the Revolution conspired against these decisions, the king tried to flight to Varennes (Austria) because he didn't like the National Constitution Assembly. However the king was discovered in a staging post by a man who had worked in Versailles Palace. The king and his wife were sent back to Paris. After this happened, many people lost confidence in Louis XVI and he had to sign the Constitution.
This is a picture that represents Louis XVI arriving in Paris after the flight to Varennes.
After the approval of the Constitution the Legislative Assembly was elected, with a lot of diputies who grouped depending on their opinion and sat down on the right or on the left depending of their opinion about the revolution. Some of them were in favour of the monarchy and others in favour of the republic. However, there were a lot of diputies who didn't have a no defined position. The tradition the political parties follow when they sit down in the parliaments comes from the Legislative Assembly.
The king continued to conspire against the Assembly and contacted with other countries to end with the revolution. In April 1792 France declared war on Austria. In August the people of Paris stormed the Tuileries Palace, after discovering the king's conspiracy, arrested the royal family and suspended the king's power.
There are also some words we've learnt and copied on the glossary:
active citizens: ciudadanos activos (with right to vote)
census suffrage: sufragio censitario (only richest people can vote)
civil servant: funcionarios
flight : huida
hamper: obstaculizar, poner obstáculo
passive citizens: ciudadanos pasivos ( they can't vote)
staging post: casa de postas
veto power: derecho de veto
veto: vetar, rechazar algo
For Monday Paqui has given us some homework: we have to search on the internet who where fevillants, girondists, jacobins, cordeliers, montagnaros and sans culottes.
And this is all we've learnt in Social Sciences. See you in class!! :)