Friday, October 28, 2011

Presentation about Spain during the 18th century

At Mari Luz´s request, here you have the PowerPoint presentation about Spain during the 18th century. It includes the War of Spanish Succession and Philip V, Ferdinand VI and Charles III´s reigns. 

Thursday, October 27, 2011

Thursday 27 TH of October


Today in Social Sciences Paqui has started giving us a talk about the responsibility that we have and the respect.Then we have said the day of the exam: 7th Monday;the people who did not pass on art project has to studied the whole unit and the people who have passed art project has to study the last unit and the points 1 to 4 of the new book of the unit 1.

We have started seeing a powerpoint of Spain in the 18th Century. Paqui has said that before the long wigs was fashion but with the time were shorter. You can can see that Philip V wear a long wig.

We have begun the point five about the war of Spanish succession and the Treaty of Utrecht, Laura M. has read the introduction of the war of Spanish succession (1700-1714) meanwhile we have seen the powerpoint about this. Then Daniel has continued with the explanation of the differents conflict that existed in Spain and Paqui has explained to us with a picture of the peninsula Iberica because we have had some doubts, and also Sara has read what is the Treaty of Utrecht:

  • Philip V was recognized king of the Hispanic Monarchy.

  • The European territories of the Hispanic Monarchy were distributed among Austria and Savoy.

  • Great Britain preserved Gibraltar and Minorca and they also got two important rights, which broke the Castilian monopoly in the Indies:

  • The assiento: they could sell black slaves in the Indies.

  • The ship of permission : once a year they could send a 500 tons ship with their products to be sold in the Indies.

Then Paqui has been explaining: Europe After the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) is an agreement to end the war. After paqui has made a summary of the Spanish War of sucession (1700 -1714)Finally Paqui has give us the exercise 19 and we haven´t finished the summary of the Spanish War of sucession.

A new word that we have learnt today is wig.

In this moment we have 50.065 visits

There is a interesting page about this:

2011-2012 Challenges. Number 6

This week´s research will make you discover some curiosities related to the War of Spanish Succession(1700-1714)  and its consequences:

There is a Catalan proverb related to the consequences of the Battle of Almansa in 1707. What is this proverb and what´s its meaning?

Since 1943 the Almodí Museum of Fine Arts of the city of Xàtiva includes a portrait of Philip V hanging upside down. Why?

One of the decisions of the Utrecht Treaty was that Spain had to cede Gibraltar and Minorca to Great Britain. When did Minorca come back to the Spanish sovereignty?

Other decisions of the Utrecht Treaty were the two rights Great Britain got in the Spanish Indies: the assiento and the ship of permission. The violation of the limits to these rights by Great Britain led to a war between Spain and Great Britain in 1739. This war had a very curious name: War of Jenkins´Ear. What was the reason for this name?

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

The legality of the USA Declaration of Independence

Today we have talked about the USA Declaration of Independence and about how its content was closely related to many of the ideas of Enlightenment. Last week there was a curious debate in Philadelphia about the legality of the Declaration of Independence. British and North American lawyers discussed about the content of the document written by Thomas Jefferson and defended different positions according to the historical moment where the Declaration was written. Here you have the BBC report about this debate and the conclusions of every part: 

And the following links include a lot of information about the Declaration: the full text, biographies of the signers, the historical context, the influences Jefferson received, a timeline of the independence process and the Revolutionary War and so on:

And you? What do you think? Is it legal to rebel against a government that doesn´t respect people´s rights? Can something legal be unfair? Or, on the other way around: can something illegal be fair?

Where is Cochinchina located?

This is the answer to Yolanda Rubio´s question: Cochinchina is a region that corresponds to the southern region of modern Vietnam (country coloured in green on the map above). In the 16th century the Portuguese gave the name Cauchichina to the region around the mouth of Mekong river. "Cauchi" could be derived from "Jiao zhi", the name the Chinese gave to Vietnam. The Portuguese added "China" to "Cauchi" to distinguish this place from another colony called "Cochin" they had in India. 

During the 2nd half of the 19th century Cochinchina became a French colony. Napoleon III decided to occupy this territory, with the help of the Spanish army, arrived from the Philippines. This is the origin of the Spanish expression "Eso está en la Conchinchina", meaning a very far and exotic place. 

Here you have some more information about Cochinchina: 

The Twelve Interesting Amendments

Here you have a funny video I always remember when we study the Constitution of the USA and its amendments. It´s a piece of a film called Born yesterday. It tells the story of a businessman (John Goodman) who wants to make business in Washington and has an ex-showgirl girlfriend (Melanie Griffith). As he needs to make contacts with very rich and polite people, he hires a journalist (Don Johnson) to teach his girlfriend general culture  and how to behave in social gatherings and business dinners. The scene of the video shows Billie, the girl, during a business dinner teaching all these important people some of the amendments to the USA Constitution. She has memorized them changing the lyrics to the song On the first day of Christmas. As you know from your recent experience, this is a very useful and funny way of learning something. The video is subtitled in English, so you can sing, if you want ;)

Wednesday 26-10-2011

Today we have started the class a little bit late because someone broke the jack of the projector and we couldn't see the powerpoint about the 18th century; but Paqui has uploaded it on the blog.

Then we have started checking exercises 14 and 15. Silvia has corrected exercise 14 about the Boston Tea Party. This act of the Boston colonists was strongly repressed by the British army.
This led to more revolts and in 1776 the representatives of the 13 colonies decided to break their ties with Great Britain. On the 4th of July 1776 was the declaration of independence. As the government didn't respect the rights of the colonists and they didn't have representation in the British Parliament they decided to separate the colonies from Great Britain.It was written by Thomas Jefferson.


In exercise 15 we have learnt that Great Britain didn't accept the independence and a war started. The colonists led by George Washington won in the battles of Saratoga(1776) and
Yorktown(1781). In 1783 King George III accepted the independence of the USA. This declaration was signed in the treaty of Versailles in the Palace of Versailles by David Hartley, who represented king George III, Benjamin Franklin and John Jay.

Paqui has told us that the support of Spain to the independence of the USA led to revolts on his colonies, which last one in became independent was Cuba.

George Washington was the first president of the United states. In 1787 the representatives of the U.S.A. wrote the first constitution in history. Paqui has said that in a region of Switzerland there was like a type of constitution but this wasn't for all the country.
Then we have copied a scheme about the first constitution:
- It was the first written constitution in history
- It was a Federal republic; the citizens choose the head of the state, there was a division of powers, it was divided into states with their governments and the federal state controls the economic policy, the currency...
- It included the principles of political liberalism: representative government, rights of the citizens...
-Later it included the Bill of rights
- But the downside was that women, black slaves and Amerindians were excluded.
Today we have learnt new words as:
-Amendment: enmienda, changes in constitution.
-Bill of Rights: Declaración de derechos.
Then Yolanda has asked paqui what was la Conchinchina and Silvia was always saying that it was called the Conchinchilla. Paqui has solved this "discussion"; la Conchinchina is the region of Asia occupied now by Vietnam, Laos...
At the end of the class Paqui has told us to search for a date of the exam. She has said that she doesn't mind the date and I'm thinking about delaying it as much as possible maybe 16 of November, but all the class has to vote it.

In the powerpoint Paqui has uploaded appear in the slide 19 the 10 first amendments and in the last slide appear amendments like the vote for women and black people, the abolition of slavery and the prohibition of Alcohol.

Bye see you tomorrow.

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Presentation about the 18th century

Here you have the PowerPoint presentation we are using in this unit. It includes the following contents:

- The Ancien Régime

- Enlightenment

- The independence of the 13 British colonies of North America and the foundation of the USA.

Review it if you need to complete some exercise or scheme you didn´t copy during the lessons.

Monday, October 24, 2011

England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom

Today we have also commented on the correct way of naming a country throughout different historial periods. This was the case of England and Great Britain during the 17th and 18th centuries. Here you have a more detailed explanation:

- England existed as a unified kingdom from the 10th century to the beginning of the 18th century. 

The Kingdom of England in the 17h century:
J.Jansson, Atlas Novus (1646)

- The Kingdom of Great Britain existed from 1707 to 1801: it resulted from the unification of the kingdoms of Scotland and England (including Wales). 

Late 18th century hand coloured map of Great Britain (including Scotland and Wales)

- In 1801 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was created, after the repression of the Irish Rebellion in 1798 and the suppression of the Irish autonomy.

- In 1922 the partition of Ireland resulted in the creation of the Irish Free State, which became the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland remained as a part of the United Kingdom. Since then, the official name of the country is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 

Map of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland, including regions of England

As you may remember, something similar happens with the different names our country has had: Spain wasn´t a unified kingdom until the beginning of the 18th century. This is why we use the name "Hispanic Monarchy" during most of the Modern Age. 

What was Prussia?

In blue colour, the Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent in 1876

Today some of you have asked about Prussia several times. Here you have a map where you will be able to learn its location in the past. Prussia was one of the most powerful German states and it had a very important role in the unification of Germany in the 19th century. We´ll study this in Unit 4. As a consequence of the two World Wars its former territories are distributed between Germany, Poland, Denmark, Russia and Lithuania at present. 

Here you have a map of Central Europe, where you can see which countries the former Prussian territories belong to now: 

If you want to learn more about this kingdom, visit the following link: 

The Encyclopaedia and the Independence


Jean D'Alembert
Today in social sciences we have started the class with the beginning of the Encyclopaedia, they created it because they wanted to show more than translations. The first encyclopaedia had 35 volumes. Also the Chinnese had an encyclopaedia in the XV century. In this encyclopaedia they had ideas about ethics, the moral, things related without religion, scientific subjects... And we have it thanks to D'Alembert and Diderot, but some religious people wanted to forbid the Encyclopaedia beacause it contained moral subjects without containing religion. So they added it to the Index of Forbbiden Books.

After that, Yolanda Rubio correct the exercise 11.

And we have started again today with the Enlightened Despotism or, in Spanish: “Despotismo Ilustrado”. Paqui explained us in a scheme: Ideas of the Enlightenment influenced some european monarchs (Charles II, Frederic II of Prussia, Catherine II of Russia) now that they made many reforms: administrative reforms, economic reforms and educational reforms. The reforms were only considered necessary for their subjects. The Enlightened Despotim's Slogan was: "Evertything for the people, but without the people". Because they considered (the monarchs) the subjects didn't know nothing about this and they couldn't know it because if they realised of it, it could be many big problems. In spite of the monarchs did changes with the reform, they didn't change their absolute power or they didn't eliminate their privileges. Paqui has told us the monarchs didn't want to give to their subjects a better education because they could realise they were really unfair.

Paqui also explained us what is Prussia, and where it's situated; it's a territory between Germany and Poland, which was middle of Germany and middle of Poland; and she has drawn it the blackboard. She has had to repeat it many times.

Afterwards, we started a new point: The Independence of the 13 colonies of North America and the foundation of the U.S.A. Mariluz has started reading it. Then, Paqui has told us in the 17th century they talked about England and English, but in the 18th century they started talking about Great Britain and the British.

Reasons of North America to do the Independence:

-The North American colonists didn't have representatives in the British Parliament and they couldn't oppose the laws that damaged their interests.

-The British government constantly increased the taxes they had to pay for different products.

-The British government had the monopoly of trade with North America and the colonists couldn't buy or sell their products to other countries, except with Great Britain.

The concept of the Boston Tea Party: protest of the Boston colonists against the constant tax increase they suffered. They dressed as Indians and threw all the tea cargo of a ship of the East India Company away to the sea (1773). The British army strongly reppressed the revolt and discontent increased in the colonists.

Paqui has told us: “Now, in the news, sometimes they talk about the Tea Party” and about Sarah Palin: They compare their revolt and opposition against Obama's administration with the colonists against the British.Persons for the Republican party will participate in the election from 2012 against Obama.

Today the class was a little revoluzionited, Paqui was angry and she screamed many times: Silence!

But, anyway, today has been a good day.

Thursday, October 20, 2011

Breaking and good news: the end of terrorism in Spain

Source: El País, 22/03/2006

After more than forty years of violence, the terrorist organization ETA has communicated the definitive end of their "armed activity". At 19:00 Gara, a Basque independentist newspaper, has published ETA´s statement. All the media were waiting for this announcement, which could mean the beginning of the end of bombings, murders and threats. Although experience advises prudence, many people will sleep better tonight. 

Here you have the statement in English: 

And this is a brief history of ETA: 

2011-2012 Challenges. Number 5

Let´s learn a little more about the Encyclopedia, one of the most important Enlightenment legacies. Two French philosophers, Denis Diderot and Jean Rond D´Alembert had the idea of compiling all world´s knowledge in one book. This was the origin of the Encyclopedia as we knew it, before Wikipedia appeared. 

What does the word "Encyclopedia" mean?

Prior to the French Encyclopedia, there were some other projects of compiling knowledge in the past. What was the first of these projects, during the Roman Empire?

In the 7th century a Visigothic bishop wrote a 20 volume work that included all the knowledge of that period. Who was this wise man? What was the title of his work?

The Chinese also wrote their own encyclopedic book in the 15th century. How many volumes did this reference book have? How many copies of this book were made? What happened to this work?

What was the origin of the project of the French Encyclopedia?

Why was the publication of the Encycopledia so controversial?

Why was the Encyclopedia included in the Index of Forbidden Books in 1759?

Diderot and D´Alembert got the support of some important figures in the French court. One of them was the king´s mistress. She promoted culture and art and there is a legend that tells that she loved taking a specific drink and she was involved in the design of a piece of crockery. Who was this woman? What piece of crockery was inspired on her?

20th of October 2011

Today in Social Sciences we have cheked the activities that we have to do for homework. The activity number 4 have been corected by Beatriz Antequera this activity was about the enlightenment, activity number 5 have been corected by Yolanda Abad this one was about the precedents of enlightenment and finally the activity number 6 have been corected by Daniel this was about the features of enlightenment.

After that we have talked about the political thinking, the main philosofers were:
-Voltaire: he defended that the power of the king had to limited by the Parliament, a universal tax system, religious tolerance and he strongly criticized the Church.For example a sentence of tolerance is:
" I don't agree with your opinion, but I will always defend your right to say what you think"

-Montesquie: he defended the division of powers into three institutions, (executive, legislative and judicial).

-Rousseau: he defended the social contract and the general will: this means that power lies on the people.

Then Laura Bustamante have read about the economic thinking. We have talked about the mercantilism that is an economic policy based on :

-accumulation of precious metals

-exporting goods

And also about physiocracy and we have known the most importants physiocrats that were:

-Quesnay that was one of the main physiocrats

-Adam Smith that was the pioneer of economy liberalism.

During this class we also have learned some new words that have been:

-general will that means “voluntad general”

-phisiocracy that means “fisiocracia”

For homework we have to finish to read page 6 and do exercises 11 and 12 of page 11

See you

Wednesday, October 19, 2011

19th of October, 2011

Today in Social Sciences, we have checked the crossword about the 17th Century: "Absolute Monarchy and Baroque". Paqui has read the definition and then, we have answered it. Alejandro has said that in the "eleven across" there was a mistake, but there wasn't because is in plural "intendants". Paqui has said that Carmen has to change the pyramid image of her journal. Paqui was a little angry with us, because all the class was speaking. During we were checking the crossword, Paqui has pronounced some words in French.

Ana Lucas and Silvia were talking almost all the class. Silvia has said that she like the cover of the new book because, is harder than the other book.

Afterwards, we have checked the exercise 3 on the page 11 and the answer is: "The population increase in the 18th century because, there were less wars, less big epidemics, new crops were introduced (corn and potato). And the population increase led to a bigger demand for all type of products."

Then, we have started the 3rd point (ENLIGHTENMENT) and Paqui has said that is her favourite point of this unit. Paqui has switched the computer on and she has shown a Power Point presentation about the crisis of the Ancien Regime and the bourbon in Spain. Then, she has explained a very interesting pyramid for Carmen.
Rebeca has read on page 5 and Paqui has written on the blackboard a scheme about the "process of secularization": The process started in the 15th century with HUMANISM, in the 16th century with REFORMATION, in the 17th century with SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION and in the 18th century with ENLIGHTENMENT.

Paqui has drawn a picture and Yolanda Rubio has said that is like a woman's bum. Afterwards, Juan Carlos has read some thinkers and scientist that can be precedents of Enlightenment:

- John Locke, was an English philosopher, he criticized absolutism and defended the division of powers.

-Isaac Newton, was an English scientist and he created the scientific method based on observing and checking facts.

Beatriz Yuste has read the main features of Enlightenment that were:
-Absolute faith in Reason.
-Rejection of everything that couldn't be explained through Reason.
-Optimism and trust in progress.
-Knowledge as the basis of happiness.
-Trust in education cosidered to be the best way to improve.
-Religious tolerance.
-Criticism of absolutism and the estates society.
-Elitist movement, resened to educated people.
They think that education can change the work. Paqui has said that the children have to go to school not work.
One of the most important philosopher is: IMMANUEL KANT: "Dare to know", is a challenge. It is important because you do things by yourself.

Paqui will decorate the class with interesting historical things. Then, she has explained the difference between doing things that by obligation that is more difficult for us and doing things because we want to know things and it is easier.

Afterwards, Paqui has given to us some exercises for tomorrow on the page 11 the exercises 4, 5 and 6.

Some new words that we have learned are: process of secularization (proceso de secularización), enlightened (ilustrado), guarantor (garante), trust (confianza), to trust (confiar) and "Dare to know" (Atrévete a saber).

The bell has rung and Paqui has said that this afternoon she will come to decorate the class with the people of 3rd of ESO.


Monday, October 17, 2011

17th of October

Today in Social Sciences we have started the new unit about " The crisis of the Ancien Régime and the bourbons in Spain ".

Definition: expression used by the French revolutionaries to define all they wanted to change. It refers to the features of Europe before the French Revolution.

We studied this unit we have studied in 2º E.S.O and for that reason we know some things.

Then we have copied the introduction of the unit and a pyramid of society. Afterwards we have read the first point and then Paqui has explained that in politics there were absolute Monarchy.

In economy the predominant activity was the agriculture and most part of the production was destined to self consumption. And Society was divided into estates: privileged, nobles and clergy; and underprivileged where they were the bourgeoris, workers and peasants.

At the end of the class Paqui has given us a crossword and the exercise 3 of page 11.

Friday, October 14, 2011

Bring your 4th year book next Monday

Next week we are going to start studying Contemporary History. In my opinion, this is one of the most interesting historical periods, because we can find many keys there to understand present world. We´ll study the fights for many of the rights we enjoy in the Western world now and we´ll also study the reasons for present inequality in other parts of the world. I hope you all enjoy learning as much as I will do teaching these contents. Don´t forget bringing your new books. Have a nice weekend. 

13th of October

Hello Everyone!

On Friday in Social Sciences we made some presentations about paintings and sculptures of the Baroque Era and Cristina Blanco was with us.

Paqui wrote on the blackboard the steps we must follow like:

1.- Name and author



4.-Why is a Baroque painting or sculpture.

The first in explain as him scuplture was Diego with the Penitent Magdalen:
(Pedro de Mena)

Diego explained some interesting characteristics about this religious sculpture and he said that many sculptures ao this era were similar to this one.

Then was Ana de la Fuente with the Surrender of Breda:

(Diego Velázquez)


Ana explained us the meanings of the symbols of this beautiful painting like the number 13 of the spears and the axes of The Dutch.

Afterwards was Ana Lucas with The calling of Saint Matthew:

(Caravaggio )

She explained the main figures of the painting and she told us who were these people (between them is Jesus christ) and the use of light and shadows.

Then was Ángel with The Night Watch:


Ángel told us that the painting was bigger at the beggining but itwas cut because it couldn't be placed due to its size.He explained also that the girl is the pet of the company.

Finally was Manuel Cuz with The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp:

This painting is alittle disgusting but manuel did a great exposition about it and we learnt that this anatomy lesson was make once a year to saw the muscles of tthe human being.

All of them explained a little of each project because they had to summerized to give the opportunity to the classmates to present their projects.The class was very interesting and we learnt a lot.

I don't remember anything more about the class if you think I can improve it with another information please tell me!!

P.S. Ángel if you want you can upload the videos about these presentations. See you on Monday!

Thursday, October 13, 2011

2011-2012 Challenges. Number 4

This week we´ll learn something more about Diego de Silva y Velázquez, one of the genius of world painting. The following questions will be focused on his personal life and his work. The students who have commented on Velázquez´s paintings will be able to answer most of the questions. So, take a little time and participate!


Where did Velázquez study to become a painter?


One of the models used by Velázquez on his painting Christ in the house of Martha and Mary also appeared in another Velázquez´s painting. What is this painting?


Velázquez moved to Madrid and started working for the court thanks to the protection of a powerful valido. Who was this powerful man?


As a court painter, Velázquez had access to the royal collection of paintings. What Renaissance painters could he study in the royal collection?


In 1628 Velázquez met another important painter, who was visiting Madrid in a diplomatic mission. Who was this "diplomatic" painter?


Velázquez travelled to Italy twice in his life. The first time he spent some time studying other painters. What was the purpose of his second trip to Italy?


Velázquez only painted a female nude in his long career. What is the name of this painting? According to experts, who was the  model used for this painting?  What is the realtion between this painting and suffragettes?

Monday, October 10, 2011

MONDAY 10-10-11

Today in Social Sciences we have corrected the exercises that we had not corrected the other day.
After we have started to spoke about painting. We have spoken about Caravaggio that always had problems with people.
Then we have copied a scheme of the main features of paintings in that period.
We have seen some examples of paintings of this period. Many of these paintings are the paintings that we had to explained in the project. We have seen the Converss of Saint Paul on the way of Damascus, the Crucifixion of Saint Peter, Paqui has told us that between two painting there is a relationship because in the both paintings the saints are looking to the cross.We have also seen the Calling of Saint Mathew, Death of the Virgin, the Three Graces, the Duke of Lerma etc.
We have also seen 3 of the 90 Rembrant's self portraits.
Afterwards we have started to see the Baroque in Spain. We have seen architecture, sculpture and painting. The main characteristics in Spain were religious theme, realistic, dramatic image, the commissioners were the kings and the Church, oil on cavas was the main technique, contrasts of light and shadows. The main painters were Ribera, Jose Rubelta, Bartolome Esteban Murillo, Francisco Zurbaran, Diego de Silva and Velazquez. Some of the most important paintings in Spain were the chillfooted boy, Still life with pottery jars, The Hollly Family with a bird, The Drunks....
We have been surprised because Paqui has told us tha Philip IV raped a nun and to give perdon he commissioned to Velazquez the painting of Crist on the cross.
This has been today's class Paqui hasn't had given us anything to homework.

Thursday, October 6, 2011

6th, October, 2011

Today in Social Sciences we have started the class checking the exercises that Paqui give to us the last day, from 16 to 21 in page 117. But we only have checked the exercise 16, it was about demography economy and society in the 17th century. Paqui has put a power point about it but she has copied the answer in the blackboard too:

Demography: The population decline for this reasons: bad harvest, plagues, the expulsion of the moorish, wars, migration to the Indies.

Economy: In the 17th century there was economic recession.

Society: The nobles were the social model. They live of rents without working. Hand works were considered dishonest. Many people aspired to live without working. There were lots of beggards and rogues, who lived from begging and crime.

We haven't continued checking the next exercises becouse Alejandro has ask to Paqui about the theme of the strike, and we have been having a conversation about it. The most implicated on this conversation where Alejandro and Paqui, but we were listening to them oll the time, I think it is an interesting theme to speak about.

Paqui has get a bit angry with some people that were speaking all the time, but no with me, becouse now I'm getting a better behavior.

At final the bell has ring, and Paqui hasn't give us homework!!!! LOL

Sorry! I know the image is in Spanish, but I couldn't evit put it here! jaja


2011-2012 Challenges. Number 3

Allegory of painting (1638-39)

This week´s challenge will discover you some personal features of some Baroque artists: 

One of the most important Baroque artists had a very quarrelsome beahaviour. He was involved in a murder and he had to leave his place of residence and take refuge in a different city to avoid being arrested. Who was this artist?


Another Baroque artist tried to become a member of nobility for many years. Finally, he reached his goal and reflected this change in his estate modifying one of his most famous paintings, where he had made a self- portrait. Who was this artist? What painting did he modify? What did he add to this painting?


Another Baroque artist spoke different languages, worked as an ambassador and a diplomat. He participated in several diplomatic missions and he didn´t have enough time to finish all the commissions he had. Who was this artist? How did he manage to paint all the commissioned paintings?


A Baroque painter painted more than 90 self-portraits (including paintings, engravings and drawings) throughout his life. These self-portraits are a sort of a painted journal of his evolution as  a painter and as man. Who was his painter?


The last question refers to a female Baroque painter. She was the first woman  to join the Design Academy of Florence and she was one of the most recognized Baroque artists in Italy. Who was this woman?

P.S: I´ll add the source of the image after the resolution of this challenge. This image is related to one of the questions. 

Wednesday, October 5, 2011

5th of October

Today in social sciences we haven´t got class because Paqui has been on strike as the 90% of the teachers of the High school. Jose Ángel the head of studies has told us to go because the high school doesn´t have enough teachers of Guardia.
Image from Mari Carmen Lázaro

The strike has been called because the cuts in education are very hard and education level  is lower.
The president of Castile La Mancha, Mª Dolores de Cospedal has opted for an austerity policy, cutting in the most needed sectors;

-Health Care

The cuts in education include the firing up of 800 teachers, work to hours more, they won´t pay holidays to substitute teachers and teachers, less money for the high School.
The community will earn more than 80 million of €uros
The increasing of this two teaching hours is bad for students because the library will be closed during this year, teachers will have less hours to attend students and this year go on a trip will be very difficult.
When arrived this morning there were some teachers were striking.
This morning we only have 2 lessons of the 6 we have:

-Spanish language

In my opinion is good to be n strike to fight for our rights. I think the president of Castile La Mancha won´t stop with the cuts but this strike will make that cuts lighters. If the cuts continued education will be worse. 

Tomorrow is the students strike, some students will go on strike all the day, like an excuse of not going to class. I will go on strike on 5th hour in maths, because the teacher is absent we will make a popular revolt, we will make banners with the sloggan :

Monday, October 3, 2011

Baroque art presentations

These are the two PowerPoint presentations we are going to use to study Baroque art: the first one refers to the general features and Baroque style in Europe and the second one is focused on the Hispanic Kingdoms. Please, review them if you want to observe the main features and works of art with more detail.

Monday 3rd October 2011

Saint Peter's Squere with the Basilica at the background.

Today in Social Sciences…
We have talked about Mª Luz’s project, because she has finished and sent it to Paqui. She has said some advices to improve the project.
After that Laura has asked one question to Paqui about Absolute Monarchy, and Paqui has explained to Laura that in theory the king controls all the powers in his hands, but in practice this is not true because this is very difficult, the king is helped by some institutions like the Parliament to rule and to delimitated the power of the king.
After that Diego has read page 105 on the book about Scientific Revolution: Empiricism and Rationalism. While Diego was reading, Javier the Ethics teacher has come into the class looking for his mobile phone because he forgot there in the previous period.
We have continued with the class:
We have started to read about the Baroque art style. Paqui has written a scheme about Secularization and Humanism in the 15th century and about the religious wars and the Counter-Reformation in the 16th century that STOPPED the progress and about the Scientific Revolution that is the continuation of this secularization progress that started in the 15th century.

After that we have talked about Empiricism: Galileo Galilei, Klepper and Newton and about Rationalism: René Descartes that said this famous expression “I think therefore, I am”. Descartes also said that the doubt is the beginning of knowledge. Paqui has told us that this scientifics tried to contact extraterrestrial life sending mathematical formulies, because they thought that this was an universal language.
In some moments of the class Paqui has scold us because we were talking a lot.

After that we have seen a lot of different pictures about sculpture and architecture and the characteristics of the Baroque style with the power point:
We have talked about Caravaggio’s paintings, about the light and shadow.
We have also talked about the structure and meaning of the Saint Peter’s Square in Rome made by Bernini. This type of columns try to imitate that God is embracing all the pilgrims that come into the square and also is like you are walking in a street and suddenly you are in a big space surround of columns. This is very beautiful. Bernini always try to astonish the audience, this is a characteristic of the Baroque art style.

We have seen a picture of the Fontana di Trevi, Apollo and Daphne of Bernini and the Ecstasy of Saint Theresa, this last sculpture is very peculiar, because the face of Theresa is too much exaggerated…..

Today we have learnt some new concepts: the Salomonic columns, which are curve and ondulated columns and some new words:
-Fleeting à Fugaz
-Astonished à Anonadado

- Overelaboratedà Sobrecargado

- Ecstasy à Extasis
- Exuberantà Exuberante