Today in social sciences we have started the class with the beginning of the Encyclopaedia, they created it because they wanted to show more than translations. The first encyclopaedia had 35 volumes. Also the Chinnese had an encyclopaedia in the XV century. In this encyclopaedia they had ideas about ethics, the moral, things related without religion, scientific subjects... And we have it thanks to D'Alembert and Diderot, but some religious people wanted to forbid the Encyclopaedia beacause it contained moral subjects without containing religion. So they added it to the Index of Forbbiden Books.
After that, Yolanda Rubio correct the exercise 11.
And we have started again today with the Enlightened Despotism or, in Spanish: “Despotismo Ilustrado”. Paqui explained us in a scheme: Ideas of the Enlightenment influenced some european monarchs (Charles II, Frederic II of Prussia, Catherine II of Russia) now that they made many reforms: administrative reforms, economic reforms and educational reforms. The reforms were only considered necessary for their subjects. The Enlightened Despotim's Slogan was: "Evertything for the people, but without the people". Because they considered (the monarchs) the subjects didn't know nothing about this and they couldn't know it because if they realised of it, it could be many big problems. In spite of the monarchs did changes with the reform, they didn't change their absolute power or they didn't eliminate their privileges. Paqui has told us the monarchs didn't want to give to their subjects a better education because they could realise they were really unfair.
Paqui also explained us what is Prussia, and where it's situated; it's a territory between Germany and Poland, which was middle of Germany and middle of Poland; and she has drawn it the blackboard. She has had to repeat it many times.
Afterwards, we started a new point: The Independence of the 13 colonies of North America and the foundation of the U.S.A. Mariluz has started reading it. Then, Paqui has told us in the 17th century they talked about England and English, but in the 18th century they started talking about Great Britain and the British.
-The North American colonists didn't have representatives in the British Parliament and they couldn't oppose the laws that damaged their interests.
-The British government constantly increased the taxes they had to pay for different products.
-The British government had the monopoly of trade with North America and the colonists couldn't buy or sell their products to other countries, except with Great Britain.
The concept of the Boston Tea Party: protest of the Boston colonists against the constant tax increase they suffered. They dressed as Indians and threw all the tea cargo of a ship of the East India Company away to the sea (1773). The British army strongly reppressed the revolt and discontent increased in the colonists.
Paqui has told us: “Now, in the news, sometimes they talk about the Tea Party” and about Sarah Palin: They compare their revolt and opposition against Obama's administration with the colonists against the British.Persons for the Republican party will participate in the election from 2012 against Obama.
Today the class was a little revoluzionited, Paqui was angry and she screamed many times: Silence!
But, anyway, today has been a good day.