|Saint Peter's Squere with the Basilica at the background.|
Today in Social Sciences…
We have talked about Mª Luz’s project, because she has finished and sent it to Paqui. She has said some advices to improve the project.
After that Laura has asked one question to Paqui about Absolute Monarchy, and Paqui has explained to Laura that in theory the king controls all the powers in his hands, but in practice this is not true because this is very difficult, the king is helped by some institutions like the Parliament to rule and to delimitated the power of the king.
After that Diego has read page 105 on the book about Scientific Revolution: Empiricism and Rationalism. While Diego was reading, Javier the Ethics teacher has come into the class looking for his mobile phone because he forgot there in the previous period.
We have continued with the class:
We have started to read about the Baroque art style. Paqui has written a scheme about Secularization and Humanism in the 15th century and about the religious wars and the Counter-Reformation in the 16th century that STOPPED the progress and about the Scientific Revolution that is the continuation of this secularization progress that started in the 15th century.
After that we have talked about Empiricism: Galileo Galilei, Klepper and Newton and about Rationalism: René Descartes that said this famous expression “I think therefore, I am”. Descartes also said that the doubt is the beginning of knowledge. Paqui has told us that this scientifics tried to contact extraterrestrial life sending mathematical formulies, because they thought that this was an universal language.
In some moments of the class Paqui has scold us because we were talking a lot.
After that we have seen a lot of different pictures about sculpture and architecture and the characteristics of the Baroque style with the power point:
We have talked about Caravaggio’s paintings, about the light and shadow.
We have also talked about the structure and meaning of the Saint Peter’s Square in Rome made by Bernini. This type of columns try to imitate that God is embracing all the pilgrims that come into the square and also is like you are walking in a street and suddenly you are in a big space surround of columns. This is very beautiful. Bernini always try to astonish the audience, this is a characteristic of the Baroque art style.
We have seen a picture of the Fontana di Trevi, Apollo and Daphne of Bernini and the Ecstasy of Saint Theresa, this last sculpture is very peculiar, because the face of Theresa is too much exaggerated…..
Today we have learnt some new concepts: the Salomonic columns, which are curve and ondulated columns and some new words:
-Fleeting à Fugaz
-Astonished à Anonadado
- Overelaboratedà Sobrecargado
- Ecstasy à Extasis
- Exuberantà Exuberante