Thursday, March 31, 2016

Thursday, 31th March

Hi, mates! I'm María and today is my turn to do the journal.

Today has been the last day to do the project in class. My group is formed by Antonio, Manal, Jorge and me. I'm very happy with my group, because the people of the groups formed by the teachers are usually not very happy with the components, but in our case it's completely different, because all my mates work, contribute with ideas and they want to do a good job, so it's easier to work with people like them.


We have finished with the ideas for the last chapter in sketch, and with the first drawn chapter (on carboard). This last chapter it's about the Restoration (from 1875 to 1931). We have worked specially in the important changes in Spain during this period, like the industralization of areas like Asturias, Catalonia, Madrid...,the beginning of rural exodus to cities, the development of the labour movement: most of the workers who became anarchists and some few workers who followed Marxism;  the rise of regionalism, like a reaction against the centralization of the government (also we have discovered new autonomist parties that appeared in Catalonia, like the Lliga Regionalista, and the other one in the Basque Provinces, like the PNV; and finally the loss of the last colonies in America and Asia and the regeneration movement with a new critical movement against corruption called bossim.



I hope all the groups (including my group), can achieve a good and interesting project, with a lot of original ideas. I wish we could have time to finish, because these weeks we have enough work and exams to take, and it's going to be complicated, but we are going to do our best, I'm sure of that. Well...cheer up, mates!

Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Thursday,29th March

Hi, I'm Jaime and today it's my turn to do a review of the  Social Sciences class.
At the beginning of the class we have started forming the groups of the project. Today my group have finished the first chapter of the comic. It is being about Charles IV's and his reign between 1788-1808, the Peninsular War between 1808-1813. It confronted the Napoleon army against the Spanish army. Also it speaks about Ferdinand VII's and his reign.
On the middle of the class, my group  have started the second chapter which is coming about the Regencies in 1833-1843  during the Isabella's minority.  While Anca and me were writing the contents of each panel María and Andrei were making the sketch of the  panel.
About the regencies I can say that  there were two regents in Spain: Isabella II's her mother Mª Christina(1833-140) and general Baldomero Espartero(1841-1843)
The First Carlist War (1833-1840) conditioned all this period and many political decisions were related to the war circumstances. This wasn't only a succesion war, but a confrontation between two ideologies, absolutism and between two conceptions of the State:
-The carlists were supported bu the rural nobles, the low clergy and small peasants of some areas of the  country where small estate were predominant: the Basque Provinces, Navarre and interior of Catalonia, Aragón and Valencia.
-The isabelinos were supported by the bourgeoisie. They defended a constitutional monarchy and free market economy.
The war lasted for 7 years. The carlists controlled some areas in the North and North East of Spain, but they didn't take any important city. The war ended up in 1839, with the signature of the Vergara Agreement between two generals: the liberal Espartero and the Carlists Maroto.
Besides the Carlist war, the main events of Mª Christina's regency were the appearance of the first political parties in Spain and the definitive end of the Ancien Régime.
*In this period the liberals split up into two groups:
-Progressive Party
Espartero was the Regent of Spain for two years (1841-1843), but his authoritarian way of ruling and his free trade policy got the opposition of a big part of the population. In 1843 Espartero resigned and the Cortes decided that Isabella, who was 13 years old, was of age and she was proclaimed queen.

 Here we can see Baldomero Espartero

Here we can see Mª Christina of Bourbon-The Two Sicilies

Thursday, March 17, 2016

Thursday, 17th March

Hi, mates! Today is my turn to do the journal and my birthday too and Paqui has thought that the best present could be the honour of doing the journal... Thanks, Paqui T.T

Well, during the class we have continued with the projects about Spain in the 19th century. In my group (María M, Fernando, Lidia and me) we have thought about the idea of dividing the unit into different points, so finally we should have one comic divided in seven chapters: Charles IV's Reign, The Peninsular War, Ferdinand VII's Reign, The Regencies, Isabella II's Reign, the Democratic Sexenio and the Restoration. 

Days ago we started reading and translating each point of the unit to understand what we had to work about; last Tuesday we started sketching the chapter about Charles IV's Reign and we finished it so Paqui corrected it too. In that chapter we have told the story (or history, I'm not sure because it's a comic about history... hum... sorry, let's continue) but we have included some parts or dialogues about, for example, what you could think if a buddy forced you to fight with his army. Sorry, he wasn't a "buddy", he was "Charles IV's prime minister", be careful. 
Today we have continued sketching the Peninsular War but we have no finished because just one paragraph is about one sheet, we have done until the third paragraph (about  how the Supreme Central Board assumed the regency and organized the defense of the country). 

As we have no time we have decided to divide each point among each mate to understand and think about how we could sketch some points, for example I have to think up about Isabella II's Reign and the Restoration. Then, we will meet and we will start making the cover and we will draw it out. Is it me or we are so slow?

Oh dear, I hope a great final result. Paqui, be tolerant, please. Good luck, class!!


Tuesday, March 15, 2016

Thursday, 15th March.

Hi, I'm Benjamin, and today is my turn to write the journal.

Today, in Social Sciences class, we have continued making the new project. When we have arrived to the class we all have got into groups. My group is made up of three people: Lucía, Carlota and me.

As Carlota said in the previous journal, we decided that the first thing we had to do was writing all the dialogues in dirt, so we continued doing this.

Today, we have finished the first point of the project; Charles IV's reign (1788-1808). We only had to sketch the last paragraph of the unit; we have done the drawings and the dialogues of this paragraph. After that, we started the second point of the unit, The Peninsular War (1808-1813). We haven't had enough time to make all this point, so we have only done only the first paragraph.

This paragraph speaks about the beginning of the Peninsular War. In the photocopies Paqui gave us there isn't the explanation of the beginning of the Peninsular War, but Paqui has explained a little about the beginning of this war. She has said that the beginning of the war was stupid, because it started by a misunderstanding. Napoleon called Charles and Ferdinand to Bayonne, and they accepted to go, but the people of Spain thought that Napoleon forced the royal family to go to France and they started attacking the french troops. As a consequence of this the french troops counterattacked and started the Peninsular War in 1808, who lasted until 1813.

The French armies found big resistenace in some cities (Zaragoza and Girona), and "Juntas "were created in every province, coordinated by a Supreme Central Board. The Spanish army defeated the French in Bailén (Jaén), but later Napoleon occupied almost all the country thanks to its Great Army. A new way of fighting called "guerrilla" was invented, based on the knowledge of the territory and the support of local population. The guerrilla fighters continued the war against the Napoleonic armies.

Paqui has told us that in this part of the unit we should use maps to make the drawings, because there is a lot of information that could be summarized in maps. Our group is going to use maps to explain this part of the unit because we think that is the best option. 

Paqui has also told us that if we don't have enough time to make all the points of the unit, we could read the point and think in our houses individually for ideas or drawings and then in class we all can bring these ideas together. This way we would save time and we would take less time to do the project.

I think my group and I are making a good job. I think that we would have the work ready for the delivery date, which is on 7th April, but only if we plan to meet one or two days to do the project, because in class we haven't got enough time to finish all the project.

Monday, March 14, 2016

Monday, 14th March

Hi, I am Carlota.

Today in class, Paqui has begun bringing the exam we did on Thursday and then gave us the notebooks.
Then, we have put in groups to continue the project.
My group is made up of three people: Lucia, Benjamin and me.
The first day of work, we say that the first thing we had to do was make all the dialogues and dirty drawings, and so we did.
Other groups have begun preparing the material on which they were going to write.
We are finishing the first point: CHARLES IV'S REIGN (1788-1808).
Charles IV's reing was strongly influenced in France. In 1793 Spain declared war to the revolutionary  France and Manuel Godoy subordinated the Spanish foreign policy to the French interests.
In 1805 Spain and France declared war to the United Kingdom, but the Spanish Armada was defeated in Trafalgar. In October 1807 Godoy signed the Teatry of Fontainebleau with Napoleon
Godoy feared tahat Napoleon wanted to occupy Spain and he moved the royal family to Aranjuez. The situation was used by Prince Ferdinand to prepare a conspiracy against his father. A mutiny started in Aranjuez, Godoy was fired and Charles IV abdicated on his son, who became Ferdinand VII. (Charles repented later and he asking to get the crown back)
The rumors of the abduction of the Spanish royal family provoked the uprising of the people of Madrid on the 2 May 1808 and the biginning of the Peninsular War.
In Bayonne Napoleon got Ferdinand VII and Charles VI's renounce to the Spanish crown and he gave the crown to his brother Joseph Bonaparte, who reigned as Joseph I.

Charles IV

Ferdinand VII

Manuel Godoy

Sunday, March 13, 2016

Some images and links for your biographies (I)

The following are some links for your biographies about the main figures of Spain's history in the 19th century:












Friday, March 11, 2016

Thursday 10th

Hi! Last Thursday 10th of March the people who didn't do the project, took the exam of the industrial revolution. I didn't take the exam so I don't know which questions appeared in it but whe the class finished some people commented that it was easy for them. I hope they'll get high marks on this exam.

On my project I talked about a kid called Max in which he experimentated the revolution first in the country with his uncle, aunt and cousins where he leant the improvements which were made and how his lefe changed when he came back with his parents into the city, his work on the factories and the life conditions he had on it.

While they were taking the exam Paqui showed us the presentation of the project on which we have to work in class which completed the information Paqui gave us on Tuesday.

The people who didn't took the exam were making exercises, revising for an exam or reading the presentation which Paqui put in the white board.

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

8th March 2016

Today in class of social sciences paqui has given us the marks of the projects about the unit 4.

Later we have put for groups, and have begun the following project.

This project is about to do a  comic with different dorwings about  the topics that Paqui has given us.

In our group we have begun summarizing Charles IV's reign, and we write that in 1793 Spain declared war to the revolutionary France, and the spanish armies were defeted in 1795.
In 805 Spain and France declared war to the United Kingdom.
In October 1807 Godoy signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
In March 1808  Godoy moved the royal family to Aranjuez. This situation was used to Prince Ferdinand to prepare a conspiracy against his father.
Charles repented later and wrote a letter with Napoleon.
The Peninsular War started for a rumor of the abduction of the spanish royar family.
And in Bayonne Napoleon got thar Ferdinand and Charles renunced to their crown and he gave the crown to his brother Joseph I.

Presentations for your project about Spain's history in the 19th century

Here you have them. Have a look on them to make your characters look alike to the real ones. You can also get some ideas for some of the scenes.


Monday, March 7, 2016

7th March 2016

Hi, I'm María and today is my turn to write the journal.

At the beginning of the class we have talked about Summerhill an Anarchist and british boarding school based on the principles of educating children in complete freedom. The fees of this school are really expensive: from £8,568 to £14,889 per year, depending on the level.

Also we have talked about the right of the public schools, and we have said that the people think that the innovations are only in private schools. In the past only the rich families could go to school.

After this introduction we started to learn the last point of the unit.

Engels and Marx considered that all the workers of the world had fight together against the capitalism, so the International Workingmen's Association (also called IWA).

This association was an intetnational organization created in London in 1864 to coordinate all the workers' efforts against capitalism. The first international included Marxists, Anarchists and Trade unionists. The slogan of this association was " Workers of the world, unite! ".

Currently, there is a famous graffiti with this slogan in London, crated by the famous artist Banksy.
Banksy is an England-based graffiti artist, political activist and film director whose identity is not proven. His satirical street art and subversive epigrams combine dark humour with graffiti executed in a distinctive stenciling technique.

Then we have talked about the 2nd international. The 2nd international was created in 1879. It only included Marxists, and they created the workers' anthem (L'Internationale), the 1st of May became the Labour Day and also they created a campaign for 8 woriking hours. 
Some of them wanted to make revolution to reachpower and others wanted to participate in the elections, so for that they didn't have coordination and The Second International dissolved during the First World War.

We have finished the unit and then Paqui has picked up the projects of the industrial revolution. Then Paqui has explained the new project that we have to do for the next term. The project consist in a comic or a video about Spain in the 19th century. In this project we have to include drawings, dialogues and at the end the biography of all the biggest of that period. Then Paqui said us the groups and we have started to organize it.

"Workers of the world, unite!" - "¡Proletarios del mundo, uníos!"

Sunday, March 6, 2016

Thursday, 3rd March

Hello everyone!
I'm Jorge and I'm going to explain you what we've learnt in Social Sciences lesson. Today in Social Sciences we've talked about Anarchism. First of all, we've talk about the main ideas, that were the following:
 -People were free but institutions limited their possibility of developing their capabilities 
 -They destroyed everything that limits people's capabilities and let the people decide.
 -A collective property 
 -Trust in revolutionary capabilities

We have differentiated some people:

      Mijail Bakunin                         Pierre Joseph Proudhon                          Piotr Kropotkin

Kropotkin Nadar.jpg
               Portrait Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.jpg

After that, Paqui has showed as a photo with a phrase:
 -"Anarchism stands for the abolition of oppresive and explotative social relations"
This sentence would mean the organization of an egalitarian and co-operative society.

In this period, many anarchists defended the use of violence to eliminate the representatives of capitalism and they prepared terrorist attacks against many people. We can see:

Friday, March 4, 2016

Summerhill, one example of anarchist school

summerhill school

Here you have some links about Summerhill, a British boarding school based on the principles of educating children in complete freedom. It was founded by Alexander S. Neill in 1921. Students choose what they want to do and learn. The fees are really expensive: from £8,568 to £14,889 per year, depending on the level (from 11,075 to 19.246 € per year). 

This is the school website: 

And here you have some links in English and Spanish: 

Differences between Marxism and anarchism

Mijail Bakunin and Karl Marx

Here you have some schemes with the main differences between Marxism and anarchism:




Tuesday, March 1, 2016

Tuesday, 1st, march

Hi classmates!

I'm Fátima and today I'm going to explain you what we've learnt in Social Sciences lesson.
Today in Social Sciences class we've learnt about scientific socialism or marxism
It was created by Marx and Engels. Marx belonged to a generation of German scholars who appropriated but diverged significantly from the teachings of Hegel. Engels grew up in the environment of a family marked by moderately liberal political views, a steadfast loyalty to Prussia and a pronounced Protestant faith.

When they were studying capitalism, they reached some conclusions, reflected on several books like the " Communist Manifesto " and " The Capital ". The Communist Manifesto was written in late 1847 and published in February 1848.

The main ideas were:

- Class strugle and proletarian revolution:

Class struggle between oppresors and oppresed. In the 19th century, the class struggle was between the burgueoisie and workers. The workers' conditions and exploitation by the burgeoisie, lead to the proletarian revolution, that was divided into two stages:
   The 1st stage was the dictatorship of the proletariat. They wanted to take the State and used it to make private property collective.
   The 2nd stage, where they formed de Communist society. It was a society without classes,State. or 
private property

- Proletariat empoverishment
- Trust in industrial workers only (as revolutionary)
- Workers' organization:

They considered that workers have to organise themselves in parties and unions to get ready for the revolution, but also to participate in politics, so different socialist parties like PSOE (Spain) were created following marxist ideas.

- Surplus value:

Workers produced profits with they work, but they didn't enjoy because they contributed to increase capitalist's wealth.

- Workers' alienation:

Workers became slaves of the machines due to the monotonous work in factories. This situation destroyed creativity. 

At the end of the class Paqui has tell us to complete a scheme about anarchism, that is what we're going to learn next day.

We've also learnt some new vocabulary:

alienation: alienación
class struggle: lucha de clases
commune: comuna
surplus value: plusvalía
scientific socialism:socialismo científico
material things: cosas materiales
wellbeing: bienestar

That's all today! See you in class :)