Monday, October 24, 2011

England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom

Today we have also commented on the correct way of naming a country throughout different historial periods. This was the case of England and Great Britain during the 17th and 18th centuries. Here you have a more detailed explanation:

- England existed as a unified kingdom from the 10th century to the beginning of the 18th century. 

The Kingdom of England in the 17h century:
J.Jansson, Atlas Novus (1646)

- The Kingdom of Great Britain existed from 1707 to 1801: it resulted from the unification of the kingdoms of Scotland and England (including Wales). 

Late 18th century hand coloured map of Great Britain (including Scotland and Wales)

- In 1801 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was created, after the repression of the Irish Rebellion in 1798 and the suppression of the Irish autonomy.

- In 1922 the partition of Ireland resulted in the creation of the Irish Free State, which became the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland remained as a part of the United Kingdom. Since then, the official name of the country is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 

Map of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland, including regions of England

As you may remember, something similar happens with the different names our country has had: Spain wasn´t a unified kingdom until the beginning of the 18th century. This is why we use the name "Hispanic Monarchy" during most of the Modern Age. 


Laura Meco said...

Here we can see that UK has changed a lot in the past! I know you have explained it this morning, but as now it is written and with photographs, it is easier to understand it!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Something similar happened to many contemporary countries in Europe. Spain is another case: it didn´t exist during the Middle and most of the Modern Ages. There were different kingdoms, but they were not definitively unified until the Nueva Planta Decrees at the beginning of the 18thcentury.

The blog is a very useful instrument to learn more and better, but very few people use it in the most profitable way. It´s a pity.

Laura Meco said...

Yes you are right, it's a pity... But if some people don't like this way of learning, at least we know that many people from different countries visit it and learn with it.