The League of Nations was an intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference which ended the First World War. It was the first international organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace; it was to create the bases of the peace and reorganize the international relationship once the First World War had finished.
It was created on the 16th of January of 1920 and the first assembly was celebrated in Geneva, the League of Nations dissolved on the 18th April of 1946, after the World War 2 and was replaced by the ONU. The League of Nations was a failure because USA didn't join to the League of Nations because the US Senate didn't allow it, although Wilson, the president of USA, was one of the creators. Others reasons for the League of Nations' failure were that the League of Nations couldn't stop the World War 2and because it wasn't a strong organization to stop the Nazi Germany expansion. Other reasons for the League of Nations' failure were that all the decisions had to be unanimous and they didn't have an armed force to intervene to stop wars.
The League of Nations was structured in this way:
- An Assembly formed by all the members Estates of the League of Nations.
-A council formed by four permanent members permanently, Italy, France, Japan and the UK and fournon permanent members which were chosen by the Assembly and were renew each three years.
-A Permanent Secretariat. The Permanent Secretariat wrote documents and reports and was in charge of preparing the Assembly and Council’s sessions. Sir James Eric Drummond, Joseph Avenol and Sean Lester were general secretaries of the League of Nations.
During the Spanish Civil War in 1936, the League of Nations, at a request of the government of the Spanish Republic, was in charge of the safeguard of El Prado Museum's patrimony after the fall of Catalonia in February 1939. All the patrimony was in Geneva from February to September 1939, when the works of art were given back to Franco’s government.
Between 1920 and 1946, a total of 63 countries became member states of the League of Nations.
The founder countries were Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, the Brithish Empire (Including Australia, Canada, India, United Kingdom, New Zealand and South Africa), Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmarkc, El Salvador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Japan, Liberia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Persia, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Siam (Thailand), Spain, Sweden, Switzearland, Uruguay, Venezuela and Yugoslavia.
In 1920, Austria, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Finland, Luxembourg and Albania joined the League of Nations.In 1921, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. In 1922, Hungary. In 1923,the Irish Free State and Abyssinia In 1924, the Dominican Republic. In 1926, Germany, Mexico in 1913 and Turkey and the Kingdom of Iraq in 1912.
In 1934, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Afghanistan and Ecuador
In 1937, the Kingdom of Egypt.
Light blue-->Colonies of Members
Orange-->Mandates ( Territories of the former Ottoman Empire, which were put under the control of the League of Nations)
Navy blue-->Azul oscuroLight blue-->Azul claro
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