Sunday, November 11, 2012

Benjamin Franklin and the independence of the 13 colonies

Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston, in January 17, 1706. He was one of the founders of the  United States.

When he was young, he wanted to be sailor. But his father didn´t want him to be a sailor because an older son took to the seas and never returned. So his father sent him to learn in the printing shop of his brother. 
When he was 15 (1723) , his brother founded the New England Courant, considered the first independent newspaper in the British colonies. In this newspaper, Benjamin wrote his first newspaper articles, critical tone with the authorities of the time. But in september 1729 he bought the Pennsylvania Gazzete newspaper, wich published until 1789. In 1730 he married Deborah Read, and had three children. He also published Poor Richard´s Almanck (1733-1757).

He participated in many foundations, like in 1731 the foundation of the first public library in Philadelphia,  the University of Pennsylvania (1749) and the first hospital in the city.

Benjamin Franklin influenced in the political life:

In 1736 was elected to the General Assembly of Philidelphia. In 1747 organized the first volunteer militia to defend Pennsylvania, was appointed a member of negotiating committee with the native Indians in 1749. He  intervened in the House of Commons in 1766. He influenced the drafting of the Declaration of Independence (1776), helping Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, and went to France for support to continue the campaign against British troops. There he was appointed official USA representative in 1775, signed a Trade and Cooperation Treaty (1778) and reached the position of Minister for France. Contributes to the end of the War of Independence, with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles (1783). He contributed to the writing of the USA Constitution (1787). In 1787 he was elected president of the Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery.

Benjamin Franklin also invented things like bifocals, glass harmonica, swim fins, Franklin stove, library chair, the long reach device, catheter ...

Benjamin also made ​​many services: street lighting, paving, post office, fire company, insurance, and the Library Company.

Benjamin Franklin died on April 17, 1790, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America. And he is buried in the cemetery of Christ Church, Philadelphia.

                                 USA CONTITUTION (1787)


Isabel Rodríguez said...

Hi Fernando!
I have found some mistakes:
-In the second paragraph, at the second line, you have written "did'nt" and it's DIDN'T.
-In the third paragraph I think that in "british colonies" the word " british is British.
-And finally in the same paragraph you have had a mistake in the name of Benjamin, you have writen "Bnejamin".
For the rest it's good but you can also include more thigs like the glossary...etc.
Bye Bye and good work!

Jesus Morales said...

I think the information is good but I have found some mistakes:
-...founding of the University of PENNSYLVANIA...
-...volunteer militia to DEFEND the HOUSE OF COMMONS...
-...and went to FRANCE for...
-Treaty of VERSAILLES, not of Paris

See you!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Fernando,

The corrections your classmates have made are OK. Here you have my additional corrections:
-.. his father didn´t want him to be a...
- father sent his brother´s printing shop.
-... his brother founded the New England Courant. This has to be in Italic font (cursiva). Names of books and newspapers have to be written in Italic font. The same with The
Pennsylvania Gazette
, which he published... Healso published Poor Richard´s Almanack

- ...with critical tone with the authorities...

- He participated in many foundations, like (you have to take "how" out) the foundation of..., the University of ....

-... And he is buried...

- ... to defend
- .. He intervened in the House of Commons in 1766
-... Heinfluenced the drafting
- .. signed a Trade and Cooperation Treaty
- Hecontributed to the end of the War of Independence

- Hecontributed to the writing...

In English, you can´t suppress the subject of the sentences. Sentences have to start from the subject: He contributed to...Only in cases like the following you can take the subject out: "He created a newspaper and founded", when you are naming different actions of the same person

As you´ve copied and pasted the last paragraphs, the text is highlighted in white. You have to correct this. Click on Edit Post (the pencil below the text) and select this part of the text. Then click on a T with a small x at the right top of the text box (Deshacer formato) and finally click on Save.

I think you should write when Franklin died at the end of the text.

I also think you could add something else about Franklin´s role as inventor. He invented many things and discovered the Gulf Current in the Atlantic Ocean. He was a privileged man and fought to abolish slavery in a time this cause wasn´t popular at all. In the links I ´ve sent you, you have a lot of information.

Remember to include the sources of the pictures.

You´ve worked, but you can improve this. Bye!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

One last comment: Write the title of your post on the TITLE box. And it should be BENJAMIN FRANKLIN AND THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE 13 COLONIES.