Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston, in January 17, 1706. He was one of the founders of the United States.
When he was young, he wanted to be sailor. But his father didn´t want him to be a sailor because an older son took to the seas and never returned. So his father sent him to learn in the printing shop of his brother.
When he was 15 (1723) , his brother founded the New England Courant, considered the first independent newspaper in the British colonies. In this newspaper, Benjamin wrote his first newspaper articles, critical tone with the authorities of the time. But in september 1729 he bought the Pennsylvania Gazzete newspaper, wich published until 1789. In 1730 he married Deborah Read, and had three children. He also published Poor Richard´s Almanck (1733-1757).
He participated in many foundations, like in 1731 the foundation of the first public library in Philadelphia, the University of Pennsylvania (1749) and the first hospital in the city.
Benjamin Franklin influenced in the political life:
In 1736 was elected to the General Assembly of Philidelphia. In 1747 organized the first volunteer militia to defend Pennsylvania, was appointed a member of negotiating committee with the native Indians in 1749. He intervened in the House of Commons in 1766. He influenced the drafting of the Declaration of Independence (1776), helping Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, and went to France for support to continue the campaign against British troops. There he was appointed official USA representative in 1775, signed a Trade and Cooperation Treaty (1778) and reached the position of Minister for France. Contributes to the end of the War of Independence, with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles (1783). He contributed to the writing of the USA Constitution (1787). In 1787 he was elected president of the Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery.
Benjamin Franklin also invented things like bifocals, glass harmonica, swim fins, Franklin stove, library chair, the long reach device, catheter ...
Benjamin also made many services: street lighting, paving, post office, fire company, insurance, and the Library Company.
Benjamin Franklin died on April 17, 1790, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America. And he is buried in the cemetery of Christ Church, Philadelphia.
USA CONTITUTION (1787)