Who painted the painting of the Third Estate?
Hello Roxana, There were a lot of anonymous caricatures criticizing the estates in the previous years before the French Revolution. Many ideas of the Enlightenment had spread and the members of the Third Estata became more and more aware of their situation. These caricatures became very popular. One of the caricatures Pilar chose is called "The fardeau des privilèges" ( The heavy burden of privileges). If you´ve studied French, you won´t have problems to understand: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b6944022sCaricatures and cartoons are a good way of understanding what happened in different periods. Cartoonists are very clever and their drawn criticism is very useful to understand what people thought. We´ll see many this year. Here you have a complete sample of caricatures about the estates: https://www.google.es/search?q=caricatures+tiers+%C3%A9tat&rlz=1C1GGGE_esES384ES384&aq=f&sugexp=chrome,mod%3D0&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&authuser=0&ei=__yGUOzyG5KDhQfaoIHYDA&biw=1280&bih=617&sei=h_2GUOf_HYSwhAedkoDQCASee you tomorrow!
During the 18th century, most people continued to be illiterate?
Yes, Roxana: most of the people were iliterate, but enlightened philosophers insisted on the importance of primary education for all the children and the first primary schools were created in some places: In Prussia king Frederick II the Great established compulsory primary education in 1763-65 and the same happened in Austria in 1774 by Empress Maria Theresa. When education started spreading, more people became aware of injustices and changes couldn´t be stopped. That´s why receiving a good education is so important!See you on Friday!
Sorry, I´ve made a mistake about the king of Prussia: it wasn´t Frederick II, but Frederick William I and in 1717 (earlier): http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/218051/Frederick-William-ICould this explain the development of Germany with respect to other European countries? In Spain primary education wasn´t compulsory until 1857 (only from 6 to 9 years old)!!
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