Today, at the beginning, Paqui has said to me that it was my turn of doing the journal. She has said that many of the classmates don’t participate and the classmates who participate only write “Good Journal” “You don’t have mistakes” Paqui said that we have to write more things, like our opinion and things like that and for that she has put one extra exercise on the blog for all the classmates. Consits of reading several quotes about some enlightened philosphers and giving our opinion about it. .She has put a two interactive maps of the triangular trade and the trade of slaves to practice for the exam.
After that, we have started to correct the exercises. Carmen has corrected the first one about what Enlightenment was. It’s the culmination of the Secularization process in 15th, and an intellectual movement that questioned the Ancient Regime principles) and on what it's based (It was based on the use of Reason as the best way to know the world and transform it ) Then, Fernando Marcos has corrected the second one. It was about the precedents of the Enlightenment whichwere:
- John Locke: Critized Absolutism defended the division of powers and the role of the State as the guarantor of citizens’ rights.
- Isaac Newton: He set up the Scientific method based on observing and checking facts and he discovered the Law of Universal Gravitation.
-Absolute faith in reason as the best way to understand the world.
- Injection of everything that couldn’t be explained through Reason. (They were against THE AUTHORITY PRINCIPLE that was making things only because this was a tradition)
-Education as the best way to improve the living conditions of the people (There are less unemployed educated people than non educated people)
-Religious tolerance (No religion was superior, reason was enough to establish a morality code to determine how to behave)
-Criticism of absolutism and the estates society and defense of freedom and equality of all human beings.
-Elitist movement, reserved to educated people.
We have also talked about the beginning of feminism that started at the end of the 18th Century.
During the French revolution Olympe de Gourges wrote THE DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE WOMAN AND CITIZEN in 1792
Mary Wollstonecraft made THE VINDICATION OF THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN in 1792
And finally we have talked about "The Encyclopedia" created by Denis Diderot and Jean Rond D'Alambert. They compiled all the knowledge of their time the first edition appeared in 1751 with 35 volumes. Finally, Paqui has told us to do the exercise 7 because it contained all of this. We have finished it in the class and Raquel Ortiz has corrected it.
-Authority principle: Principio de autoridad.
-To trust: Confiar, tener confianza
-Employe rate: Tasa de desempleo
-To be fed up of: Estar harta de
-To compile: Recopilar
I hope you like my journal, have a good weekend, and study for the SOCIAL SCIENCES EXAM!:)