Friday, May 20, 2011

Friday, 20th May 2011

Today in Social Sciences, Paqui has given us the maps and she has explained how we had to do the map of the Catholic monarch's possessions, because the maps weren't well done the first time.
Then, she has asked us some questions about the reformation and the new religion that appeared. She also has showed us the map of Europe after the reformation with the different religions in the different places of Europe, for example: Catholic, Lutheranism, Calvinism...
After that, Paqui has done a small scheme on the blackboard about the two groups of Calvinists, which were:
- In France -> Huguenots.
- In Scotland -> Puritans.
We have continued reading what were Calvinism and Anglicanism, the other Protestant currents.
Calvinisms believed in the predestination doctrine and they also considered work and enrichment through business as signs of divine grace and they had the two groups that I have said before: Huguenots and Puritans.
Anglicanims was related to a dispute between King Henry VIII of England and the Pope, because the king wanted to annul his marriage with Catalina of Aragon to marry with Ann Boleyn, but the Pope refused. So Henry VIII proclaimed the Act of Supremacy and declared himself as Head of the Church of England.
We have continued with this point, and we have seen a table about the differences of Catholics and Protestants with the doctrine, cult and organization of each one.
To finished the class, we have read the counter-reformation, which it was the reaction of the Catholic Church to Reformation. They taken some meausures and some changes had to be done. We have known what was the Council of Trent, it served to defend the Catholic dogmas and to introduce some corrections. Their main decisions were:
- Reaffirmation of the Catholic dogmas.
- The only valid interpretation of the Bible was the Vulgate, the translation of the Bible to Latin made by Saint Jerome.
- Prohibition of selling indulgences.
- Creation of seminaries to educate the clergy.
- Catechism to educate the children.
- Priests and bishops were obliged to live in their dioceses, behave properly and keep celibacy.
At the end of the class, Paqui has given us the exercise 3 on page 91 about the things we have studied today.


Kelly said...

This is a very well written journal. You not only have written what you did in class today but explained the contents. This is the main objective of the journal. This way you remember the contents and share them with our readers. I am very proud of your work. Good job!

You have some minor grammar mistakes though. For example:
"because the maps haven't had ok" to "because the maps weren't well done the first time."

"which they were:" needs to be changed to "which were:"

There are some other things but perhaps your classmates can find them. Again, well done.

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Ana,

I agree with Kelly. This is a really good work and it reflects how a good journal has to be.

Remember that Counter- Reformation has to be written in capital letters.

Another thing we did yesterday was to correct the crossword of Unit 6 (including the mistakes I made when I prepared it!)

One thing we noticed yesterday was that the chart that compares Catholicism with Protestant currents had a mistake: the temples and ceremonies in Anglicanism are very similar to the ones of the Catholic Church: temples have altars and the mass is very similar to the Catholic mass.

Remember that Yolanda Rubio suggested a project based on religions.

Have a nice weekend and study for the exam!

Alejandro Torrillas said...

very good journal, Ana well done!
I think catholic church must get newer, they have to adapt to the new times.
Bye, see you on Monday!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Alejandro,

Changes have to come from the interior of the Church. The Reformation came from Catholic monks, theologists and priests. The present critiques to the Catholic Church come also from priests, theologists and bishops. Here you have some names and concepts that can give you an idea of their proposals: Liberation Theology, Hans Küng, Juan José Tamayo, Pedro Casaldàliga, Jon Sobrino, Gustavo Gutiérrez or the priests that work in the parish of San Carlos Borromeo in Entrevías, Madrid. They are considered to be dissidents by the Catholic Church and many of them have been publicly condemned or punished by the Vatican hierarchy.

See you on Monday.