Today in Social Sciences, Paqui has given us the maps and she has explained how we had to do the map of the Catholic monarch's possessions, because the maps weren't well done the first time.
Then, she has asked us some questions about the reformation and the new religion that appeared. She also has showed us the map of Europe after the reformation with the different religions in the different places of Europe, for example: Catholic, Lutheranism, Calvinism...
After that, Paqui has done a small scheme on the blackboard about the two groups of Calvinists, which were:
- In France -> Huguenots.
- In Scotland -> Puritans.
We have continued reading what were Calvinism and Anglicanism, the other Protestant currents.
Calvinisms believed in the predestination doctrine and they also considered work and enrichment through business as signs of divine grace and they had the two groups that I have said before: Huguenots and Puritans.
Anglicanims was related to a dispute between King Henry VIII of England and the Pope, because the king wanted to annul his marriage with Catalina of Aragon to marry with Ann Boleyn, but the Pope refused. So Henry VIII proclaimed the Act of Supremacy and declared himself as Head of the Church of England.
We have continued with this point, and we have seen a table about the differences of Catholics and Protestants with the doctrine, cult and organization of each one.
To finished the class, we have read the counter-reformation, which it was the reaction of the Catholic Church to Reformation. They taken some meausures and some changes had to be done. We have known what was the Council of Trent, it served to defend the Catholic dogmas and to introduce some corrections. Their main decisions were:
- Reaffirmation of the Catholic dogmas.
- The only valid interpretation of the Bible was the Vulgate, the translation of the Bible to Latin made by Saint Jerome.
- Prohibition of selling indulgences.
- Creation of seminaries to educate the clergy.
- Catechism to educate the children.
- Priests and bishops were obliged to live in their dioceses, behave properly and keep celibacy.
At the end of the class, Paqui has given us the exercise 3 on page 91 about the things we have studied today.