First, Paqui has remembered us the colonialism, its causes, the justification to imperialism and the attitudes towards colonialism, which were the last things we saw before holidays.
Paqui has talked us about a secret society in the USA university of Yale called “Skulls and Bones”: This society was created in 1832 by William Huntington Russell and Alphonso Taft, the society conscript new members from the students who are in the previous year of his graduation. The skulls caught to the team captain of football and rowing.
- Conquest: It was due to the technological and military superiority of the Europeans. The indigenous tried to resist, but they couldn’t stop the occupation. The Europeans used tribal rivalries to divide the indigenous or hired some tribes to fight against other peoples.
- Exploitation and organization:
o Main purpose: Exploiting the resources of the colonies on their own benefit, no matter the consequences.
o Types of colonies:
§ Colonies of exploitation: they totally depended on the metropolis. The Europeans owned the lands, mines and export companies and their main interest was exploiting the colonies and extracting their economic resources. Most of the African colonies belonged to this type.
§ Colonies of settlement: colonies with an important number of Europeans. They had an autonomous government, but their foreign policy was controlled by the metropolis. Examples: Australia, New Zealand, Canada.
§ Protectorates: in theory they were independent because they had an indigenous government, but they didn’t have an independent foreign policy. Examples: Morocco (controlled by France and Spain between 1907 and 1956) and Egypt (controlled by the UK).
- Skull- Calavera
- Speech- Discurso
- Rivalry- Rivalidad
- The Zulus- Los zulúes
- Loom- Telar
- Tariff- Aranceles
- Colonies of settlement- colonias de poblamiento