Monday, February 23, 2015

Monday, 23rd February 2015


Hello everyone! I'm Stefania and today it's my second time to do the journal this year.
So..let's start!
Today we have had Social Sciences lesson at the 5th period. After arriving in the class we have prepared our things to start the lesson.
We have started correcting the main ideas of the Anarchism:

  • People are born free, but some institutions(schools, Churches...)snatch their freedom and limit their possibility of developing their capabilities.
  • The only way of recovering freedom is destroying everything that limits people's capabilities and led people to decide how to organize their lives.
  • Anarchists also defended collective property.
  • They trusted in the revolutionary capability of both peasants and industrial workers.
Then we have seen the two differents trends:
  • Propaganda by the deed:A minority of the anarchists wanted to solve the problems by violence eliminating representatives of capitalism and they prepared many terrorist attacks:Some examples were the terrorist attacks against the National Assembly, in France,Murder of Cánovas del Castillo(the President of the Spanish Goverment)...
  • Anarcho-Syndicalism:But the majority most of the anarchists preferred to create unions in order to be organized and educate for revolution.(They were pacifists).
 Then Paqui has started explaining us the last point of the unit which is called The First and Second Internationale.
We have studied that the International Working Association (IWA) was a workers' organization created to Marx's initiative in London in 1864, in order to coordinate all the workers' attempts to improve their situation.
There were two Internationals:

  • First Internationale: It included representatives of all trends:Marxists, Anarchists,trade unions, Utopian socialists. It dissolved in 1876 due to the differences between anarchists and Marxists and after the failure of the Paris Commune(1871)

http://www.artofthestate.co.uk/Banksy/banksy-versus-bristol-museum-053-workers-of-the-world-unite.htm

  • Second Internationale: It was created in 1889 and was only formed by Marxists or Socialists. Some of the main symbols of the labour movement were adopted there:anthem,labour day and 8 hours campaign.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eight-hour_day#mediaviewer/File:8hoursday_banner_1856.jpg

But there were also disputies between Marxists:
-Some of them wanted to make revolutions to reach power
-Others wanted to participate in the elections(Social-Democrats)
And the Second International dissolved during the World War One (WW1).
Then in class there have started a conversation about Pablo Iglesias(I don't know why) and Paqui has showed us a photo about Pablo Iglesias, and she has said to us that before the Pablo Iglesia that we know now, there were other two Pablo Iglesias. (As I didn't know who that man is, I've asked Marta who is he and what he wanted to do.
Then Paqui and Carla have spoken about how revolutions can be, Paqui has said to Carla that there could be pacific revolutions. 
Later Paqui has said to us that yesterday she saw an article about homework.Then we have spoken a little bit about this, Paqui has said to us that in Finland the childrens go to school for 4 hours per day and the have more break time (after every period they have 15 minutes of rest) and they don't recive any marks until they are 10.
And then we have started the next unit:
Unit 5:Europe in the 2nd halp of the 19th century
The first point of this unit would be included in the exam. This unit is very short:
  1. The Italian and German unification
  2. Imperialismo
And then we have decided on  the date of the exam. The exam would be next week on Thursday 5th of March.
As always we have written some words in the glossary:
  • good deeds:buenas obras
  • deed:hecho/acto
  • IWA:AIT(Asociación Internacional de Trabajadores)
And that's all for today. See you tomorrow classmates.
Bye!

5 comments:

Carla García Sánchez-Rojo said...

Hello Stefania!!

As always, you've done a perfect work. Really, education in Finland cause me a lot of envy because I also want going to school only 4 hours per day and without doing exams. I would be the happiest person in the world and I would go to school well disposed!!

See you in class ;)

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Carla, here you have an interesting interview I read yesterday about Finland's system:

http://www.lavanguardia.com/vida/20150220/54426341224/jari-lavonen-nino-cuatro-anos-necesita-jugar-escuela.html

And a documentary too, subtitled in Spanish:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkRREVchgpg

I agree with you. It's a pity that we can't do the same. I would like to follow your idea. We'll try to do something different ;)

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello girls,

These are my corrections and comments:

Hello everyone! I'm Stefania and today it’s my second time to do the journal this year.
People are born free, but some institutions(schools, Churches...)snatch their freedom and limit their possibility of developing their capabilities.
The only way of recovering freedom is destroying everything that limits people's capabilities and led people to decide how to organize their lives.
Anarchists also defend collective property.
They trusted in the revolutionary capability of both peasants and industrial workers.
Then we have seen the two different(s) trends:
Propaganda by the deed: A minority of the anarchists wanted to solve the problems by violence eliminating representatives of capitalism and they prepared many terrorist attacks. Some examples were the terrorist attacks against the National Assembly, in France, Murder of Cánovas del Castillo(the President of the Spanish Goverbment)...
Anarcho-Syndicalism: (But the majority) most of the anarchists preferred to create unions in order to be organized and educate for revolution.(They were pacifists).

Then Paqui has started explaining us the last point of the unit which is called The First and Second International(e).
We have studied that the International Working Association (IWA) was a workers' organization created to Marx's initiative in London in 1864, in order to coordinate all the workers' attempts to improve their situation.
There were two Internationals:

First International(e): It included representatives of all trends: Marxists, Anarchists, trade unions, Utopian socialists. It dissolved in 1876 due to the differences between anarchists and Marxists and after the failure of the Paris Commune (1871)
Second International(e): It was created in 1889 and was only formed by Marxists or Socialists. Some of the main symbols of the labour movement were adopted there: anthem, labour day and 8 hours campaign.
But there were also disputes between Marxists:
-Some of them wanted to make revolutions to reach power
-Others wanted to participate in the elections (Social-Democrats)
And the Second International dissolved during the World War One (WW1).
Then in class there have started a conversation about Pablo Iglesias(I don't know why) and Paqui has showed us a photo about Pablo Iglesias, and she has said to us that before the Pablo Iglesias that we know now, there were other two Pablo Iglesias. (As I didn't know who that man is, I've asked Marta who he is and what he wanted to do.
Then Paqui and Carla have spoken about how revolutions can be, Paqui has said to Carla that there could be pacific revolutions.
Later Paqui has said to us that yesterday she saw an article about homework. Then we have spoken a little bit about this, Paqui has said to us that in Finland the children(s) go to school for 4 hours per day and the have more break time (after every period they have 15 minutes of rest) and they don't receive any marks until they are 10.
And then we have started the next unit:
Unit 5:Europe in the 2nd halp of the 19th century
The first point of this unit would be included in the exam. This unit is very short:
The Italian and German unification
Imperialism(o)
And then we have decided on/set the date of the exam. The exam would be next week on Thursday 5th of March.

And that's all for today. See you tomorrow classmates.

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

And these are my comments:

- We talked about Pablo Iglesias, because he was the leader of the PSOE and the first socialist deputy to be elected in Spain in 1910. We were talking about the strategy of the socialist parties during the 2nd International and someone asked about the PSOE. I said that at the beginning they followed the idea of not participating in the elections and later they decided to participate in politics.

-We talked about Finland education because I asked you about the 8 hours campaign and we commented on the fact that it would be great if the 8 hours of recreation were really true, but many times this isn't possible because we have to continue to work, as students do with homework.

That's all. Bye!

Carla García Sánchez-Rojo said...

Hi Paqui, I have just finished to read the article you have posted in your comment, it's incredible that there, in Finland, most of the political parties are agree with the educational system that is established, but really the fact that in Finland the university, the masters... are all free make me going crazy, it's a perfect opportunity, I wish the educational system in Spain improve with time.