Today in the class of Social Sciences we have done many things.
At first, Paqui has asked us about the homework she gave us last Tuesday. We have corrected three exercises: 10,11 and 12 of the 31 page of our book. Then, Paqui has explained many things about the Labour Movement, the first workers associations, trade unions...
Working and living conditions of workers (dreadful conditions).
Workers' awareness of their bad working and living condtion, the first step to try to improve their situation. First organisation they created:
-Mutual benefit societies: Association of workers who paid a monthly fee and used this money to help the workers when they couldn't work, were ill, suffered an accident... For example: Mutual Benefit Society of Baltimore (USA). This was a temporaly solution for some workers, but not for all.
-Trade Unions: Associations of workers of the same profession created to improve the working conditions of their members. Declared illegal until the Combination Acts (1824).
Many people died, because they tried to get all this rights that we have actually and we don't appreciate them. They also made demostrations and strikes.
The Tolpuddle Martyrs (1832). They were condemned because they created a farmers' union. They were punished to Australia. Australia in this times, was a penal colony of the United States. All the criminals were deported here.
The first big union in Spain was UGT (1889).
Next step: Getting the right to vote, to participate in politics, have the possibility of electing their representatives and charging the laws (Chartist Movement). For example: Great Chartist meeting at Kennington Common (1848). They got more than 3 millions of signatures from workers of UK, to obtain the right of vote. Many workers didn't signature, because they were afraid of lose their work post.
Also, Paqui has explained why we celebrated the Workers' day on the 1st of May. (Factory burnt women protesting).
And finally, we have studied the 6 points of the people's charter:
- No property of valification.
- Payment of members.
- Equal constituencies.
- Annual parliament.
For homework, we have to copy in our notebook the Utopian Socialism.
And like every day, we have copied some new words in our glossary:
- Sentenced to death: Condenado a muerte.
- Death penalty: Pena de muerte.
- Awareness: Toma de conciencia.
- Expectation: Aspiración, esperanza de mejora.
- Workmate/ colleague: Compañero de trabajo.
- Demostration: Manifestación.
- To strike: Hacer huelga.
- Trade Union: Sindicato.
- Banish: Desterrar.
- Chartist movement: Cartismo.
- Chart: Carta (letter with petitions to the goverment).
- To run to the elections: Presentarse a las elecciones.
And, to finish the class, Paqui has given to us the exams we did last Thursday about Unit 3: The French Revolution. My mark isn't bad, but I think that it could be better. It was a very interesting class. See you tomorrow!