Today's social sciences' lesson has been really good, because Paqui has been explaining all the lesson and we haven't written anything on our notebook, only some new words for the glossary.
First of all, Paqui has introduced us the new unit, Europe in the second half of the 19th century. She has remembered us who Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was, that he became Emperor of France and that he had an important role in the unifications of Italy and Germany.
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte
After that, Paqui has explained us the first point of the unit, the Italian and German unifications. In Italy, there were seven States: Piedmont-Sardinia, Lombardy-Venetia, Papal States, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Parma, Tuscany and Modena. The most important figures of unification were Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont-Sardinia and his prime minister, the Count of Cavour. Paqui has told that the period of monarchy in Italy was since 1861 (when Italy was born) until 1946.
Victor Emmanuel II
After that Paqui has explained us the German unification. She has told us that this unification is more complicated, but she likes it. The German Confederation was formed by 38 States. The most important ones were Prussia and Austria. The most important figures of the unification were William I and Otto Von Bismark. Paqui has explained us that in the German Unification there were three different wars:
- War against Denmark (1864): Austria and Prussia declared war to Denmark and they got the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. Paqui has explained this war with a map on the blackboard.
- War against Austria (1866): German States of the North fought with Prussia against Austria. At the end, the North German Confederation was created.
- French-Prussian War (1870): German States fought against France. The French were defeated in Sedan, Napoleon III was captured, the 2nd Empire disappeared and the 3rd Republic was proclaimed in France. Paqui has talked here about Leopoldo Von Hohenzollern. He was a candidate to be king of Spain, but French people were against this, they didn't want a Prussian king, so that is why they started fighting.
William I of Prussia
Otto von Bismark
In today's lesson we have copied some new words like:
- Red shirts - camisas rojas.
- Tongue-twister - trabalenguas.
- Customs union - unión aduanera.
- Tariffs - aranceles.
- Duchy - ducado.
- Duke/duchess - duque/duquesa.