Today in the class of Social Sciences Paqui has given us the notebooks back. Paqui has explained us the mistakes that we have done on the notebooks and she has also said that we don’t cheat her; she knows that some people copy all the notebooks the day before give it.
Then Paqui has started the class with a little summary of the contents that we saw the last day. They were:
- German confederation
- Main figures of the Unification of Germany.
- War against Denmark.
- Austro-Prussian War. (1866)
After all this we have started the new contents, Paqui has started explaining the French Prussian War (1870). To make it easy to understand Paqui has explained this period with classmates.
Bismarck (Enrique Perez) knew that he needed a common cause to unite all the German States so he looks for a casus belli against France. He manipulated a dispatch between the Kaiser (Carlos) and the French ambassador (Miguel) at Ems Spa. The conversation about the possible candidacy of Leopold Hohenzollern (Angel Manuel) to the throne of Spain had been friendly but Bismarck manipulated the dispatch, sharpening the language. France had no other option that declaring war to Prussia. All the German States unites against France.
The French army was defeated at the Battle of Sedan and Napoleon III (Fernando) was captured. The consequences were:
- The 2nd Empire disappeared and the 3rd Republic was proclaimed in France.
- France lost Alsance and Lorraine.
- All the German States became unite and the 2nd German Empire was proclaimed.
Ems Patch. (Source: http://es.slideshare.net/papefons/europe-in-the-second-half-of-the-19th-century-11463409?ref=http://todayinsocialsciences.blogspot.com.es/)
- Duchy: ducado.
- Duke/duchess: duque-duquesa.
- Casus belli: excuse to declare war.
- Dispatch: telegrama.
- To sharpen: endurecer.
- Spa: balneario.