Thursday, December 1, 2011

1st December 2011

Today in Social Sciences Javi have checked the exercise 15 that consist in defind some concepts that were, Treaty of Fontainebleau that was an agreement signed by Godoy in 1807 that allowed the French army to cross Spain with the purpose of invading Portugal.
Other concept was Aranjuez Mutiny that was a riot prepared by Charler IV's son who conspired against his father and fired Godoy.In March 1808 Godoy was discussed and Ferdinand got the crown.
And the last concept was Abdications of Bayonne, events happened in Bayonne on the 5th May 1808, when Ferdinand VII had to give the crown of Spain back to his father, Charles IV gave it to Napoleon and Napoleon to his brother Joseph I.
Then Paqui has given as an advice to define concepts that have been: "you can't include the word you are defining in the definition".

After that we have been talking about a new form of fighting invented by the Spanish army during the Peninsular War and has been used in wars many times that consist on attacking in surprise place that was called "guerrilla" and also we have been talking about the main groups of the guerrillas war.

Then we have been talking about the results of the end of the war for this, Paqui has shown us some pictures about tortures and deads.

The government during war was Joseph I that was supported by the Francophiles some of the most importants were Leandro Fernández de Moratín and Juan Meléndez Valdés and also there were vey little popular supporting.
The Francophiles considered the war as the opportunity of modernizing Spain.
During this time there was a rebeld government that decided to call the Cortes. There were a power vacuum and in the first day of the Cortes, they decided to write a Constitution.
This constitution have the following characteristics:
It was passed on the 19th March 1812, it was called "the pepa", and has ideas of political liberalism:
-like a nation sovereignity
-division of powers
-wide declaration of rights
-indirect universal male suffrage
But there were some remains of the Ancien Régime. The Cortes of Cádiz also passed a lot of laws to abolish the Ancien Régime, but these reforms couldn't exent due to war.
And finally we have been talking a little bit about the Treaty of Valençay that was an agreement in which the French troops would retire from Spain and Ferdinand VII would recover the crown.

Some new words that we have learned have been:
-retreat means retirada
-retirement means jubilacion
-to discourage means desanimar
-to harass means hostigar
-etching means grabado
-impaled means empalado
-provincial board means junta provincial
-francophiles means afrancesados
-supreme central board means junta central suprema
-power vacuum means vacío de poder
-to come in force that means entrar en vigencia
-to be in force that means estar vigente
-to be fed up that means estar harto

For homework we have to finish exercise 15 and add the concept guerrilla and exercise 17 from page 22.

Bye see you tomorrow


Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Diego,

These are my suggestions to improve your journal:

- I think you could include some of the etchings Goya made about the Peninsular War. These images are very expressive of the reality of war and the atrocities both sides committed. You could also include the link to these prints.

- You could also put the new words of vocabulary in bold font . It´s better to indentify what is new or different.

About the guerrilla tactics, you could add that this tactic was invented in Spain during the Peninsular War and has been used in different wars many times. The Russians used it against Napoleon some years later.

There are some spelling mistakes you could easily identify if you read your post carefully. Try to do it.

Well done.

Diego López-Casero said...

thank you Paqui for your corrections