Friday, April 29, 2011

Challenge number 17

This week we´ll start with history challenges. Here you have some questions related to the Catholic Monarchs´ background and a final question that explains one of the most crucial decisions they made during their rule: 


Both Isabella of Castile and Fernando of Aragon belonged to the Trastámara dynasty. What´s the origin of the word "Trastámara"? When did this house or dynasty appear?


Who was Beltrán de la Cueva? What was his role in the succession of Castile?


King Enrique IV, Isabella of Castile´s brother, was called "the Impotent". Why? Was this really true?

Enrique IV of Castile


What is the relation between the Succession War in Castile (1474-1479) and the exploration of the Atlantic Ocean and the "discovery" of new lands?


Javier Alberca said...

Question 1:
The origing of the word comes from "Trans Tameris", north of Tambre river in Galicia. The house got its name from the County of Trastámara and the founder was Henry II of Castile.

Question 2:
Beltrán de la Cueva was a nobleman, politician and a Spanish military man. He was in the court of the king, Enrique IV The Impotent. The people thought that Juana (Enrique's daughter) was daughter of Beltrán, so there the War of Succession started.

Question 3:
They called him "The Impotent" because he hadn't any children in his first marriage with Blanca. He had a daughter in his second marriage with Juana de Portugal but his enemies told that his daughter was daughter of Beltrán de la Cueva. But he wasn't really impotent.

Question 4:
The relation is that both Crowns were in conflict because the Crown of Castile was in favor of Isabel and Portugal was in favor of Juana, these conflict deteriorated the relations between Portugal and Castile and they fought in the Atlantic Ocean.


Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Javi,

Your answers to questions 1, 2 and 3 are correct. Question 4 is wrong: The relation is the Treaty of Alcaçovas: this treaty put an end to the succession war in Castile. One of the clauses of the treaty was the decision on the areas of influence of Castile and Portugal in the exploration of the Atlantic Ocean. The treaty recognized the sovereignity of Castile over the Canary Islands, but Portugal got the exclusive right of the exploration of the Atlantic coasts of Africa. This is why the Catholic Monarchs decided to finance Christopher COlumbus´s expedition to the West. Castile couldn´t explore the Atlantic African coasts.

Have a good night.