Monday, December 10, 2012

The 18th century: true or false? (I)

True or False

This is a "training" exercise about part of the content of Unit 2. As you already know, you have to read the sentences carefully to decide if they are true or false. If there are false sentences, you have to write them in the correct way. You can do it in the Comments´ section. Try to do the exercise without looking on your notes, to make sure what you know and what you have to study more. I´ll give an extra point to the person who gives the complete correct answer first. These are the sentences: 

  1. Ancien Régime was an expression invented by the French revolutionaries to define all they wanted to preserve from the Modern Era. 
  2. During the Ancien Régime most of the land belonged to kings. 
  3. The Ancien Régime predominant political system was Absolute Monarchy. 
  4. Kings´ power was supposed to come from God. This way, kings were untouchable and above the law.
  5. The society of the Ancien Régime was a class-based society. 
  6. The low clergy belonged to the underprivileged estate. 
  7. There were big differences of wealth between the members of the Third Estate. 
  8. Most of the members of the Third Estate were bourgeois. 
  9. Bourgeois discontent was related to their exclusion from power. 
  10. Not paying taxes was the main right the underprivileged had. 
  11. In the 18th century there were less wars than in the 17th century. 
  12. The introduction of some new crops, such as barley and oat, improved the diet of the European population.
  13. The European population trippled in the 18th century and this created a demand for all type of products.
  14. Triangular trade linked Europe, Africa and Asia. 
  15. The Europeans sold manufactured products in Africa and bought raw materials. From Africa to America they sent black slaves and brought colonial products from America to Europe.
  16. Enlightenment was an intellectual movement which culminated the secularization process started in the 15th century. 
  17. The enlightened philosophers considered treason as the best way of knowing and transforming the world.
  18. John Locke and Isaac Newton were enlightened thinkers. 
  19. The 18th century was also called the Age of Reason. 
  20. Some of the features of Enlightenment were: rejection of superstition, revelations and the authority principle, optimism and trust in the future, trust in education and religious intolerance. 
  21. The enlightened philosophers rejected absolutism and the estate-based society. 
  22. Although Enlightenment defended equality and freedom, it was an elitist movement. 
  23. The main enlightened thinkers were Thomas Paine, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin.
  24. Voltaire´s main ideas were the social contract, the general will and universal suffrage. 
  25. The general will refers to the fact that the government has to be elected by the citizens by universal suffrage.
  26. Montesquieu drew inspiration from John Locke for his idea of division of powers.
  27. Physiocracy was an economic ideology which defended free trade, free industry and considered agriculture as the most important economic activity. 
  28. The slogan of Enlightened Despotism was "One can´t expect to make an omelet without breaking  eggs"
  29. Enlightened despots made economic, educational, social and administrative reforms. 
  30. The reforms made by the enlightened despots were limited, because they didn´t change the political and social structure of the Ancien Régime

Tomorrow, some more sentences to review the rest of the unit!

9 comments:

Car Rivas said...

1. Ancien Régime was an expression invented by the French revolutionaries to define all they wanted to get rid off.
2. T
3. T
4. T
5. T.
6. The low clergy belonged to the privileged estate.
7. T
8. Most of the members of the Third Estate were peasants.
9. T
10. Not paying taxes was the main right the privileged had.
11. T.
12. The introduction of some new crops, such as corn and potato, improved the diet of the European population.
13. The European population doubled in the 18th century and this created a demand for all type of products.
14. Triangular trade linked Europe, Africa and America.
15. The Europeans sold manufactured products to Africa and bought raw materials. From Africa to America they sent black slaves and brought colonial products from America to Europe.
16. T.
17. The enlightened philosophers considered reason as the best way of knowing and transforming the world.
18. John Locke and Isaac Newton were enlightened thinkers.
19. The 18th century was also called the century of lights.
20. Some of the features of Enlightenment were: rejection of superstition, revelations and the authority principle, optimism and trust in the future, trust in education and religious tolerance.
21. The enlightened philosophers rejected absolutism and the estate-based society.
22. Although Enlightenment defended equality and freedom, it was an elitist movement.
23. The main enlightened thinkers were Voltaire, Montesquieu and Rousseau
24. Voltaire´s main ideas were that the power of the king had to be limited, religious tolerance and a universal tax system
25. T
26. T
27. Physiocracy was an economic ideology which defended free trade, free industry and economic liberalism.
28. The slogan of Enlightened Despotism was "everything for the people but without the people"
29. Enlightened despots made economic, educational and administrative reforms.
30. The reforms made by the enlightened despots were limited, because they didn´t change the politic and social structure of the Ancien Régime.

Jesus Morales said...

1. Ancien Régime was an expression invented by the French revolutionaries to define all they wanted to get rid off.
2. T
3. T
4. T
5. The society was a estate-based society
6. The low clergy belonged to the privileged estate.
7. T
8. Most of the members of the Third Estate were peasants.
9. T
10. Not paying taxes was the main right the privileged had.
11. T.
12. The introduction of some new crops, such as corn and potato, improved the diet of the European population.
13. The European population doubled in the 18th century and this created a demand for all type of products.
14. Triangular trade linked Europe, Africa and America.
15. The Europeans sold manufactured products to Africa and bought raw materials. From Africa to America they sent black slaves and brought colonial products from America to Europe.
16. T.
17. The enlightened philosophers considered reason as the best way of knowing and transforming the world.
18. John Locke and Isaac Newton were enlightened precedents.
19. The 18th century was also called the century of lights.
20.T
21.T
22.T
23. The main enlightened thinkers were Voltaire, Montesquieu and Rousseau
24. Voltaire´s main ideas were that the power of the king had to be limited by the Parliament, religious tolerance and an universal tax system
25. T
26. T
27. Physiocracy was an economic ideology which defended free trade, free industry and economic liberalism.
28. The slogan of Enlightened Despotism was "everything for the people but without the people"
29. Enlightened despots made economic, educational and administrative reforms.
30. T

Raquel Ortiz Escribano said...

1)All they wanted to eliminate
2)Most of the land belonged to the privileged who were: King, nobles and clergy
3)T
4)T
5)The society was a estate-based society
6)The clergy belonged to the privileged estate
7)They all had to worked to survive.
8)The majority were peasants
9)Exclusion from politics
10)Paying taxes
11)T
12)This increased the population
13)Doubled
14)Europe, Africa and America
15)T
16)T
17)Reason
18)They were the precedents of Enlightenment
19)Century of Light
20)Religious tolerance
21)T
22)T
23)They were Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Quesnay and Adam Smith.
24)Ideas: limitation of power of the king by the Parliament, universal tax system(end of privileges) and religious tolerance (no religious was superior to others).
25)T
26)T
27)T
28)Slogan: “Everything for the people but without the people”
29)They made economic, administrative and educational reforms.
30)T

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Raquel has given more correct answers up to now, but there are still several mistakes. You have 5 wrong sentences (two of them are because you´ve explained the same in a different way, with different words but this doesn´t mean that the sentences are incorrect). Here you have a clue, just in case you want to try to give the complete correct answer: there are 14 true sentences.

Bye!

Roxana said...

1. All that they wanted to eliminate.
2. Most of the land belonged to de privileged.
3. T
4. T
5. T.
6. They belonged to the privileged estate.
7. T.
8. Most of them were peasants.
9. T.
10. The main right the privileged had.
11. T.
12. crops such as potatoes and corn.
13. The population doubled.
14. Europe, Africa and America.
15. T
16, T
17. Reason
18. Precedents of Enlightenment.
19. T.
20Religious tolerance.
21. T.
22 T.
23. Voltaire, Rousseau and Montesquieu
24. Rousseau.
25. T
26. T.
27. T.
28. "Everything for the people but without the people"
29. Not social reforms.
30. T.

Laura Casero Mínguez said...

Good morning Paqui! I think you have a little mistake in the sentence 17.
Treason=reason!
jajajajajajaj I got up at quarter too six!!!!! to study a lot a lot ! See you now! bye bye :):)

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Laura,

This wasn´t a mistake. It was made on purpose to make the sentence false ;)

You have a very good mark in your exam. More than 9 this time!

See you on Friday.

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Roxana,

You´re the winner of this challenge, even though you have a mistake. There is one false question you haven´t identified and corrected.

See you!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello again,

The question you didn´t identify as false was number 5: The Ancien Régime society was an estate-based society, not a class-based society.

That´s all!