Friday, February 10, 2012

2011-2012 Challenges. Number 19

This week´s challenge will be useful for you to prepare the exam. The questions are related to the contents you have to study this weekend:

What was the Manifesto of the Persians? Whay was it called this way?What influence did this document have in Ferdinand VII´s rule?

Who was Juan Álvarez Méndez? What political party did he belong to? What  was its main decision?

Who were Alejandro Mon and Ramón de Santillán? What role did they have during the Moderate Decade?

Who wrote The Wealth of Nations? Why is this book so important in the history of economics?

What were the Gotha Program and the Eurfurt Program?

What thinker is considered to be the first to define himself as anarchist?

What do the following verses belong to?

Let no one build walls to divide us,
Walls of hatred nor walls of stone.
Come greet the dawn and stand beside us,
We'll live together or we'll die alone


Javier Alberca said...

Hello Paqui! These are my answers...

Question 1:
It was a document that explained an old Persian Tradition, which consisted in five days of chaos, without any ruler, before the arrival of a new King and the restoration of order.

Question 2:
He was the Hacienda minister in the progressive party. Its main decision was the Ecclesiastical Confiscation of Mendiazábar, which consisted in the confiscation of the properties of the Church to sell them to the bourgeois. The Church punished the people who bought them with the excommunication.

Question 3:
They were both Hacienda minister. They participated in the tax reform of 1845 to improve the collection of taxes.

Question 4:
The Wealth of Nations was written by Adam Smith, it was very important because it developed capitalism and many people were influenced by it.

Question 5:
The Gotha Program was created by the SPD, the program called for universal suffrage, freedom of association, limits on the working day, and for other laws protecting the rights and health of workers.
The Erfurt Program was the successor of the Gotha Program, it declared the imminent death of capitalism and the necessity of the socialism.

Question 6:
The first in declare himself anarchist was the thinker Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.

Question 7:
It’s a song called The Internationale, by Billy Bragg.

Let's review another time for the exam!
See you!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Javi,

You´re the only one who wants to review. Here you have my comments:


In 1814 69 absolutist deputies asked Ferdinand VII to restore absolutism and their manifesto compared the situation of Spain with the Persian legend. They said that it was time to return to order after the "chaos of the Cortes de Cádiz".


Instead of "Hacienda", you should say "Finance minister"


The Wealth of Nations explains the theory of economic liberalism, the ideology on which capitalism is based.


The Internationale was the official anthem of Second Internationale. Nowadays it´s still the official anthem of the Socialist and Communist parties. The translation of the original song in French was very difficult to sing in English. This is why Billy Bragg made a more singable version.

That´s all. Good luck for the exam.