Monday, November 21, 2011

21st/ November/ 2011

Today in Social Sciences , at the beginning of the lesson I have showed the poster of The musical of Evita to Paqui and the classmates. Afterwards Sara has checked the exercise nine about the disappearance of the Monarchy in 1792 and the consequences to the King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, but she has had the exercise wrong so Paqui has explained us and we have copied the answer. The King Louis XVI conspired against France and the European absolute monarchies attacked France. The people discovered what the King had done and stormed his palace (Tuilleries) and he was arrested. The Assembly decided to end Monarchy and to establish a Republic. Then the Monarchs were accused of treason and condemned to death and executed by guillotine. For this reason was decided to didn´t have more Monarquies in France.
We have continued with the unit and we have started a new point: The Democratic Republic from 1792 to 1794. After the arrest of the King, Republic was proclaimed and a new assembly was chosen with a different name: Convention, it concentrated the executive and the legislative power. The Republic was divided into two periods, the Girondist Convention (1792-1793) and the Jacobins Convention (1793-1794). The Girondists decided to execute the King by guillotine. (Usually the nobles were executed with an ax and the poor people died hanging). This decision provoked a counter- revolutionary revolt in the Vendée and a European coalition against France, a war. It was the first coalition. In June 1793 the sand culottes gave the power to the Jacobins. The Jacobin Convention gave the executive power to the Committee of Public Safety some members were Robespierre, Saint Just ( he was the most radical), Couthon and Danton. They took some important decisions:
      - Mass conscription.
      - New Constitution including universal male suffrage, popular sovereignty, equality and social rights.
      - Distribution of properties of the counter-revolutionary for the poor people and sell of the Church properties.
      - Law of the maximum, to control the prices.
      - Closure of Churches and cult of Reason.
    - Law of suspects: The Committee Of General Security was in charge of arresting, judging and quickly executing all the suspected counter-revolutionary.

      16,000 people were executed by guillotine in nine months.

    Paqui has explained us that a way of kill the people was extracting the intestine and put it around a tree. In this way you suffered a lot because you died slowly. When people were decapitate was like a show, people went to see that. The guillotine in France was used until 1979 because death penalty was abolished in this date. 

    One feauture of the guillotine is that it had a cross-cutting blade to kill the people better. In Spain was used the Garrotte Vil. In consisted of sitting the people and putting an iron ring around their neck. They pressed your neck and you died because your neck was broken. It was used until 1960.
One sentence that refers to the Reing of Terror was: It´s dreadful, but necessary.
No we think our ideas without violence but in that period they didn´t think in this way.
We have learn some new words:
Desembowelment: desentrañamiento
Blade: cuchilla
Threat: amenaza
Mass Conscription: reclutamiento forzoso.
Law of suspeots: ley de los sospechosos
We have an exercise for homework.


Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello Rebeca,

You´ve done a good work, but there are some mistakes: kings were not executed. They only one executed before the French Revolution was Carles I in England. The ones who were condemned to decapitation (beheading) were the nobles.

If you refer to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, you have to say the monarchs, instead of saying the kings.

You should also say something more about the guillotine. We have talked about the different ways of execution prior to the guillotine, because the French revolutionaries looked for a more "humanitarian" way of executing people. You could also add something about the advantages of the guillotine in relation to the previous methods.

The garrotte ("garrote vil" in Spanish)was an iron ring around your neck.

The sentence "it´s dreadful, but necessary" refers to the Reign of Terror, not to the guillotine. The Reign of Terror were the extraordinary measures taken by the Jacobins to stop counter-revolution, by quick trials and executions. I have asked you about the morale dilemma the Jacobins had: can positive improvements and inalieable rights (such as freedom, equality, education for everybody, fight against poverty...) be defended through violence? If you were sure that the only way of stopping counter-revolution was killing the counter-revolutionary, would you use violence?

You can add something about this on your post. You could add your opinion as well.

Check your classmates corrections. I´ll review the journal again tonight. Bye! And don´t get stressed! Breathe and relax!

Alejandro Torrillas said...

Rebeca, it seems like you have liked all we've learnt about executions and tortures jajajaja. I remembered to visit the museum of torture in Santillana del Mar, it was incredible how people can spent their time thinking manners to make suffer the other ones before die. (Don't misinterpret myself, I didn't like all they had to suffered, it was horrible)
Apart from very good journal Rebe it is very complete.
Bye see you on Wednesday.

Alejandro Torrillas said...

Paqui which was the post which I didn't answer to your comment?

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

It´s on the 10th November. It was related to what we have been talking about today.

Rebeca García said...

Well, Paqui I know that I´m still having some mistakes I have checked some of them, tomorrow I´m going to finish it ok?
Alejandro I´m Rebeca no Rebe jajja