Today in Social Sciences, at the beginning of the lesson, Paqui has told us to participate at least twice a month and she has given us the books of 3rd year of ESO, because we are going to continue with the last unit of the book, the first for this year:´´The 17th Century: Absolute Monarchy and Baroque`` It´s The GOLDEN CENTURY. We have copied the index of the unit which is divided into four points. 1st: Demography, society and economy. 2nd: Politics(The thirty Years´War,Absolute Monarchy and The English Revolutions).3rd: The decline of the Hispanic Empire. 4th: Art and culture in the 17th century(The Scientific Revolution and Rationalism and Baroque style). In the Baroque, many writers, painters appeared, such as:Góngora,Velázquez... Afterwards, we have read the introduction and Paqui has explained it. The main features of the 17th century are crisis and contrasts.In some parts of Europe(the Catholic countries), the nobles dominated the society, but in other parts of Europe(the Protestant countries) the bourgeoisie developed and they imposed their values and their way of life. The predominant political system was: Absolute Monarchy, but it was critizised in some places. Art and culture reflected these contrasts and changes, and as I have said before the new art style was Baroque. The Scientific Revolution took place with the evolution of the science and thinking. There were many scientific discoveries, for example Galileo Galilei discovered more planets, Kleper... The 17th Century is like the continuation of the 15th Century, because there are some common features. After the introduction we have continued with the second point, and we have read DEMOGRAPHY: very slow population growth because there were high mortality rates caused by epidemics, wars and strong famines, only in some places like England and the Low countries, the population grew, because agriculture improved. SOCIETY: it continued divided into estates: Privileged (nobles and clergy) and Underprivileged (bourgeois and peasants). The bourgeois were unhappy because they were richer and influential, but they didn´t have political power. The bell has rang, so Paqui has given our homework. We have learnt some new words such as: Golden Century(Siglo de Oro), Mess (lío), Famines (hambruna), Harvests (cosechas) and Starvation (muerte por hambre). We have to do two exercises for next day about the demography and the society of the 17th century.
See you :)