Today in Social Sciences, at the beginning of the lesson, Paqui has reminded some people that they have to comment on the blog this week. Then, we have checked the exercises we had about the economy of the 17th century.
The first one was about the manufactures, which were big workshops where merchants provided tools and raw materials and workers recieved a salary in exchange for their work. Then, the merchants sold their products in markets.
The second one was about international trade routes; sea routes were consolidated in the 16th century and in the 17th century appeared a new route (the triangular trade) which linked Europe, Africa and America.
The third one was about the new countries that broke the monopoly of the Hispanic Monarchy and Portugal, and they were England, France and Holland.
The fourth exercise was about trading companies and in this exercise we have copied the definition from the Powerpoint: companies dedicated to trade, whose shareholders invested money in a commercial business and recieved benefits in proportion to their investments.
In the last one we had to explain the Thirty Years' War and the Westphalia Treaty. This war from 1618 to 1648, confronted the Protestant kingdoms of the north of Europe with the Catholic kingdoms of the south of Europe and finished with the Westphalia Treaty, that had some consequences: All the kingdoms accepted the Peace of Augsburg, independence of the Low Countries, the kingdom of France became hegemonic and the consolidation of State-nations and Absolute Monarchy.
After this, Paqui has shown us a Powerpoint about Absolute Monarchy while she was explaining it. She has explained us that kings went on consolidating their authority over their subjects (over the privileged groups). Some wise men wrote books saying that the kings' power came from God, so they "proclaimed" themselves as untouchable; their decisions were unquestionable although the Parliaments limited their power, so they avoided to call the Parliaments. Luis XIV of France (also known as the Sun King) moved the court to Versailles and he entertained the nobles with parties to control them and to avoid revolts. Then, he created the post of intendant to control the government of the provinces.
After, Paqui has explained us The English Revolutions. From the Middle Ages the kings' power was limited by the Parliament and some kings such as Charles I wanted to rule as an absolute Monarch but later he was decapitated.
We have learned some expressions like HABEAS CORPUS (you can't be arrested if you haven't committed a crime or anything against the law and it was established by the deputies to limit the power of the king in 1660), To get rid of (deshacerse de) and Mercenary ( proffessional soldier who fights in exchange for money).
Finally, Paqui has given us some exercises for homework: 8,9 and 10 from page 117.