Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Hello everyone!

Today in class of Social Sciences, Paqui has continued to explain us the painting of Velázquez. Diego de Silva y Velázquez was the best painter of his generation in the Hispanic Monarchy. His beginnings were in Seville. Recommended by the Count Duke of Olivares, he moved to the court and started painting for the royal familiy. He met Rubens and could observe the royal collections (paintings bought by the monarchs). Rubens recommended him to visit Italy, and Velázquez accepted the advice. He travelled twice to Italy, where he drew inspiration from the Renaissance masters, such as Leonardo Da Vinci, and Caravaggio. During his whole life, he fought to be recognized as an artist and not only as a simple craftsman.
Velázquez painted a lot of paintings. The most important ones are:
-Christ in the house of Mary and Martha
 
-The Waterseller of Seville: In this period people didn't have water in their houses and the watersellers sold it to people. This profession has disappeared and nowadays, it doesn't exist.
-Old Woman Cooking Eggs: In this period, people cooked in the streets. Nowadays, in Europe we have lost this tradition, but in some places of the world, like China, people continued to cook in the streets.

Velázquez painted many portraits, such as these ones:
-Luis de Góngora.
-Count Duke of Olivares
-Philip IV
 
-The Triumph of Bacchus or the Drunks: In the Hispanic Monarchy, it was very strange that an artist painted mythological paintings, because the main theme was religion, especially Catholic religion, but Velázquez painted some mythological paintings as a consequence of Titian and Rubens'influence. The Triumph of Bacchus was made before his first trip to Italy
-Apollo in the Forge of Vulcan: This is a mythological painting based on this myth: Apollo went to the forge of Vulcan (Hephaestus) to inform him about the infidelity of his wife, Venus (Aphrodite) with the god of war, Mars (Ares) . In the painting, Vulcan's face expresses the surprise and consternation with the announcement.

-Christ on the cross: This painting was a commission by Philip IV. He gave this present to a convent, because he raped a nun and that's why the nuns were angry and scandalized. The affair didn't become public, because it was silenced with the present of this painting, also considered to be a penance for the king's sin.
-Jesters: Jesters were a way of entertainment for the royalty, but Velázquez painted them in a very respectful way.

-The Surrender of Breda (1634-1635): In this painting, Velázquez wanted to capture that the winners of the battle respected the losers. This painting was conceived by Velázquez as an allegory of the nobility or gentlemanlyness of the Hispanic military.



-Equestrian portrait of the Count-Duke of Olivares: The Count-Duke of Olivares was painted in a very powerful position.

-Philip IV as hunter.

-Equestrian portraits of Philip III and Margaret of Austria.

-Prince Baltasar Carlos on horseback.

-Venus at her mirror or the toilet of Venus: We don't know who the woman of the mirror is.

-Pope Inocent X: The pope dindn't like this painting because it was "too realistic".


-Villa Medici.

-Philip IV's family or The Meninas: This is one of the most famous paintings made by Velázquez. He portrayed himself in the photo, and, as we have said in class, he retouched the painting to paint the cross on his chest.
-The fable of Arachne or the spinners: This was mythological painting based on the myth of Arachne: She was a great weaver who boasted that her skill was greater than that of Athena, goddess of wisdom, weaving, and strategy. There was a competition between Arachne and Athena, but finally, Arachne won. Athena became angry and transformed Arachne into a spider.

 

- Portraits of Infanta Margarita.
 
 
Finally, we have copied some vocabulary words:
-Recognizable: reconocible.
-Unmistakable: inconfundible.
-Mastery/skill: maestría.
-Drunk: borracho.
-Humble: humilde.
-Forge: fragua.
-To forge: falsificar.
-To ask for: pedir.
-To comission: encargar un trabajo artístico.
-To order: encargar que traigan algo.
-Jester: bufón.
-Dwarf: enano.
-Aerial perspective: perspectiva aérea.
-On horseback: a caballo.
-Blurred: borroso.
-Nap: siesta.
-Vindication: reivindicación.
-Spinner: hilandera.
-To spin: hilar.
-Spider: araña.
This is all for today, see you !

5 comments:

jesus herencia said...

Hi María!
A really good journal, but I think that you can add somethig more in the explanation of The Meninas ;like that the paint has other name that was the most important:
Philip's IV Family.
But is wonderfull
See you!!!

Cristina Blanco said...

Hello María:
Very good journal. María. Some grammar and vocabulary mistakes to take into account. You should revise basic grammar (present simple and irregular verbs)
The waterseller of Seville: In this period people didn't have water in their houses and watersellers sold it to people. This profession has disappeared and nowadays, it doesn't exist. Please, remember the present simple rules: No –s- after doesn’t
religion To comission : encargar un trabajo artístico.
-Apollo in the forge of Vulcan: This is a mythological painting based on this myth: Apollo went to the forge of Vulcan (Hefesto) to inform him about the infidelity of his wife, Venus (Aphrodite) with the god of war, Mars (Ares) . In the painting, Vulcan's face expresses the surprise and consternation with the announcement.
Venus at her mirror or the toilet of Venus: We don't know who the woman of the mirror is
-Philip IV's family or The Meninas: This is one of the most famous paintings made by Velázquez. He represented himself in the photo, and, as we have said in class, he retouched the painting to paint the cross on his chest.
-The fable of Arachne or the spinners: This was amythological painting based on the myth of Arachne: She was a great weaver who boasted that her skill was greater than that of Athena, goddess of wisdom, weaving, and strategy. There was a competition between Arachne and Athena, but finally, Arachne won. Athena became angry and transformed Arachne into a spider.

Maria Alberca said...

Hi Jesús and Cristina. Thank you very much for the corrections, they are very useful to learn English. I've already correct all the mistakes, see you next day!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello everybody,

These are my corrections:

- In the first line: has continued to explain
- beg(g)innings: only one g

- Velázquez painted a lot of paintings. The most important onesare..

- The names of works of art have to be written in Italic font and all the words except prepositions in capital letters. For example The Waterseller of Seville

- people continue(d) to cook in the streets.

- When you name Luis de Góngora,
The Count Duke of Olivares and
Philip IV, you could write that Velázquez painted many portraits, such as these ones.

- In the Hispanic Monarchy it was very strange...mythological

- ...religion (you've written it in Spanish). Velázquez painted some mythological paintings as a consequence of Titian and Rubens'influence. The Triumph of Bacchus was made before his first trip to Italy

- Hephaestus
- Vulcan's face expresses
- commission by Philip IV.
- The nun wasn't Philip IV's lover. He raped her and that's why the nuns were angry and scandalized. The affair didn't become public, because it was silenced with the present of this painting, also considered to be a penance for the king's sin.

- the winners of the battle respectted the losers. This painting was conceived by Vel'azquez as an allegory of the nobility or gentlemanlyness of the Hispanic military.

- The Meninas: he portrayedhimself in the painting
That's all. Good work.

See you!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Sorry, some of my correction have appeared without separating some words. These are the good ones

- The most important ones are..
- respected the losers.

- he portrayed himself