Monday, November 18, 2013
Monday 18th November 2013
Today in the Social Sciences class Paqui has asked if we had brought the book of 4º ESO and she has sayed that we have to bring it next Friday.
Then she has showed us some publications that she had posted previously on the blog. She has explained us the "Pentimenti": Velázquez wanted to make perfect paintings, so he retouched his paintings many times and we can discovered this because as time goes by, the oil mixed with linseed oxidizes and parts of the painting covered by the painter become visible and we can observe what the creative process of the painter was like. Paqui has showed us some examples about pentimenti:
-Jester Calabacillas: We can observe that the form of the pumpin has changed.
-Don Diego de Acedo : We can observe that there are some black spins due to that Velázquez cleaned the brush in the background of the painting.
Source: (Paqui's publication)
-Philip IV on horseback: We can see that the position of the legs of the horse has been retouched and actually we can see 6 legs.
Later, Paqui has showed us the publication about " The Spinners" . In this painting we can observe that the nain scene is in the background in the tapestry , where it's represented The Fable of Arachne ( Athena is punishing Arachne).
Source: Paqui's publication.
Afterwards she has showed us a web where you can see the painting "Las Meninas" in 3D. It's very interesting and you can see the king with the queen behind the scene and they are reflected in a mirror. In the painting appears the Infant Margarita and its atendants, two jesters, the nun, some tutors and a nobleman opening the door. Velázquez retouched this painting after to paint the cross on his chest.
Source: Maria's publication.
Then we have reviewed some of the contents for tomorrow ( terrible exam!!):
Paqui has asked us about the reigns of Philip IV and Philip III ( internal problems and problems in Europe ). We have reviewed also the absolute monarchy with Louis XIV , the English Revolutions, the reigns of Charles I , Philip II and Diego Velázquez (beginnings in Seville, he met Rubens, he travelled twice to Italy..)
Paqui has recommended us to read Alatriste's books , Alatriste died in the Battle of Rocroi(1643) where the Spanish army was defeated by the French Army. He also has recommended us to watch the film: Letters from Iwojima where many soldiers died ( 40,000). Finally Paqui has asked us some artists of Renaissance and Baroque Art and we have had to say some works about these artists.
For me the most difficult thing is the art (Renaissance and Baroque art , also in the Hispanic Kingdom) because there are a lot of artists and works. We haven't reviewed the demography, society and economy in the 17th century , the colonization , administration and conquest of the Indies, the Baroque art in the Hispanic Kingdom , the Scientific Revolution...
Here you have a video about the Battle of Rocroi (Alatriste's film):
We have also learned some new words:
-to oxidize: oxidarse
Finally the bell has rung and we have gone out!