Today in class of Social Science at first Paqui has said to Andrea that she have to do the journal today, but I have changed the day with her.
At the beginning of the class Paqui has started saying to us that he has added new things to the blog. One of them was the trailer of "The dumbfounded king" and later she has shown us some photos of the film and one painting of Velázquez that appears in the film, that is of a prostitute called Marfisa.
Later, she has said us that while she was eating, she watched a documentary of the expulsion of the Moorish, that was interesting for her and she has invited us to see it, well she has put this also in the blog.
After, she has continued explained the demography, economy and society of the 17 century. Paqui has said about this that in demography population decreased due to wars, epidemics, famines, migration to the Indies and the expulsion of the Moorish, in economy that the economic recession is due to the expulsion of the Moorish (which strongly damaged agriculture, especially in the the Crown of Aragon and less demand for products as a consequence of demographic crisis and in society she has said that nobility was the model, manual work was seen as a shame and everybody aspired to live off rents. For us to understand this better , Paqui has put the example of "El Lazarillo de Tormes" that was a protest of the society of the age.
We have continued the class correcting the scheme of the Renaissance art. We have started with architecture and we can differenciate three types:
-The plateresque: in tis type architects imitated the silversmiths to decorate the facades of the buildings. The most important arquitecture of this type is the university of Salamanca.
-The clasicism: received this name because they use the same classical elements, most similar style to one in Italy, and one example of architecture of the clasicism is Charles V's Palace in Granada.
-The herrerian: this type of architecture received the name from the architect Juan de Herrera, who was a mathematic author of "El monasterio de san Lorenzo del Escorial", and for this reason, this monastery was very geometric. Paqui has explained us that the monasthery of "El Escorial" have the shape of a grill because san Lorendo died burn in a grill and also has explained us that a lot of kings are buried in this monastery, such as Philip III, Philip IV, Philip V, Charles II, Charles III, Charles IV, Isabella II, Alfonso XII, Alfonso XIII and the father of the present King. This monastery was built to commemorate the victory in the Battle of Saint Quentin and this was the home of Philip II, who could follow the mass from the window of his bedroom.
We have continued with sculpture and Paqui has said about this that the sculpture of Renaissance was influenced by Michelangelo, with religious themes, use of different materials (marble, bronze, polychromed wood). Examples of this type of sculpture was "the burial of Christ", made by Juan de Juni and "the Sacrifice of Isaac", made by Alonso de Berruguete, the last sculpture tries to represent a scene of the Bible, when God says to Abraham that he had to kill his son. The main charasteristic is that the sculptures try to express feelings.
Finally we have spoken about painting, and Paqui has explained about this that "El Greco" is the main painter of Renaissance art. The main charasteristics are that paintings were mainly religious (no mythological paintings (nor maked figures). One of his most important works was "the Burial of Count Orgaz", in the picture we can apreciate that the painting wanted to show what happened in the sky and in the earth.
Later, the bell has rung and we have gone to the break.
The words that we have added to our glossary today are:
To live of the rents: vivir de las rentas
Precious metal worker: orfebre