Hello classmates!Today in the class of Social Sciences we have done several things. First Paqui has checked that every person of the class have done the scheme of Charles I. After Paqui has showed some photos that she put on the blog.
James I of England
Then Maria Sanchez has ridden the part of the heritage of Charles I, this point cosist in the territories that Charles inherited of Philip the Handsome, Joanna The Mad, his grandparents Isabel of Castile, Fernando of Aragón, Maximiliam of Austria and Mary of Burgundy. These were the territories he inherited:
-From his mother Joanna: The Crown of Castile, The Canary Islands, Melilla and Oran in the north of Africa, the Indies, Burgundy, the low countries and Luxemburg.
-From his father Philip The Handsome: The Crown of Aragon, Sicily, Sardinia and Naples.
After this Paqui has explained in the blackboard the internal problems of the empire. This problems began that Charles spoke Castilian. He brought many Flemish Noblemen with him and he gave them important posts in the administration. These were the causes of the revolts that broke out against him in Castile and Aragón:
-Revolt of the Comuneros in Castile: It started in 1520. Many cities revolted against the king due to the new taxes they had to pay. Many nobles supported the revolt. The leaders of the revolt were Bravo, Padilla and Maldonado.The king made an agreement wiht the Castilian nobles and together fought against the Comuneros. They were defeated definitely in the battle of Villalar in 1521.
-Revolt of the Germanías in Valencia and Mallorca: It was a revolt of craftsmen and peasants who wanted to have access to posts in the municipalities and an improvement in the conditions of renting their lands. The king signed an alliance with the nobles and together they defeated the revolted in 1523.
After the internal problems we have followed with the problems in the empire. Charles V was elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. His main objectives were:
-To defend the Empire against its enemies
-To defend Catholicism against Protestants and Muslims
In the empire was involved in several wars:
-Against France, his main enemy in Europe: he fought against Francis I, king of France, in several wars. France was defeated in the Battle of Pavia in 1525. After this, Charles annexed Milan to the Empire.
-Against the Mulisms: he confronted in two fronts:
- In the Mediterranean Sea: he fought against the Barbary Pirates. He occupied Tunis in 1532 to avoid their expansion
- In the East of Europe: he stopped the expansion of the Ottoman Turks in Hungary.
In this part Paqui hasn't explained all the conflict because we hasn't had time to correct. This conflict developed in the Holy Roman Empire as a consequence of Lutheran Reformation. At first Charles tried to make an arrangement with the Lutherans, he had to fight against them. He defeated the Lutheran Princes in the Battle of Mühlberg in 1547.
Today we have learnt too some new words like:
- To take out: quitar
- In dirt: en sucio
- Louse/Lice: Piojos
- Currency: Moneda
- Trust: Confiar
- Regent: Regente
- To Bribe: Sobornar
- Barbary: Berberisco
- To defy: Desafiar
- To defeat: Derrotar