Today we have started the class finishing the diagram of Charles I. Then Paqui has asked us some questions to review the theory that we saw on Tuesday, for example: What language spoke Charles I when he arrived de Iberian Peninsula? ; Where Charles I was born? With who came Charles I? ; What happen when he went to Germany to be elected emperor? And some more questions. With these questions we have revised the part of the diagram that we corrected on Tuesday. Paqui has taken advantage the whiteboard to explain us the diagram. For example the objectives and problems of Foreign Policy.
Then Paqui has done a draw in the blackboard to explain the Augsburg peace in 1555: this agreement theoretically consecrated religious freedom in the Holy Roman Empire: every prince could choose the religion he preferred, but all the citizens of his prince (CUIUS REGIS, EIUS RELIGIO). This agreement meant the end of religion wars in the Empire, but intolerance continued.
After that Paqui has showed us some pictures of Charles I.
She has started explained us Felipe II (1556-1598): political centralization increased with Felipe II. He didn’t call the Cortes and almost all the decisions were made by him. He was helped by a professional bureaucracy and by several councils (Council of War, Council of State, Council of the Indies…). Although Felipe II didn’t inherit the Holy Roman Empire, the territories under his rule were immense. He added Portugal and its colonies in Africa, Asia and America in 1580. The Philippines Island were also annexed to the Empire. It was the largest Empire ever known. But Felipe II considered the Peninsula as the centre of his monarchy. This is why his empire was called Hispanic Empire. He had some objectives like defense of Catholicism (he refused to give his subjects religious freedom and he forbade Protestantism in his kingdoms. This caused huge problems, especially in the Low Countries), preservation of his Empire (this led to several wars: wars against France, Revolt in the Low Countries, Confrontation with the Ottoman Turks and Conflict with England). There is a sentence that indentify him: THE SUN NEVER SET IN HIS EMPIRE.
After that we have spoken a lot and Paqui has got angry and she has put on the blackboard a diagram of Felipe II for complete at home. We have to complete with the territories he inherited and territories he added to his Empire, government and policy (objectives, defense of Catholicism and preservation of the Empire). Also we have to do the exercises 13 and 14 from the page 100.
Then the bell has rung and we have gone to de break team.
Good weekend! See you on Monday!