Today in the Social Sciences lesson we have done a lot of things. First, Paqui has reminded us to accept the invitation to the blog, cause some students don't accept it yet. Afterwards, Paqui has revised that we have done the homework ( a scheme about the Renaissace art).
Then, we have corrected it and Paqui has added some important details.
The scheme is formed by different parts:
CHRONOLOGY AND STAGES: Renaissance art was the art style of the 15th and 16th centuries. It started in Italy and it spread to the rest of Europe. There was two stages in Renaissance art:
·Quattrocento (15th century): It developed mainly in Italy and the main centre was Florence.The most important patrons were the Medici family.
·Cinquecento (16th century): Renaissance spread out to Europe. The main centre was in Rome and the Popes were the most important patrons.
MAIN FEATURES OF THE RENAISSANCE ART:
·Inspiration in the artistic models of Antiquity(Greece and Rome): simplicity, harmony, proportions... They rejected the elaborated decoration of Gothic art.
·Interest in representing the ideal beauty. Artists studied the human body and nature to reach this goal.
-Features: Architects used simple and classical elements: rounded arch, columns with the classical orders (Doric, Ionic and Corinthian) They built smaller buildings.
-Artists and works: ·Brunelleschi(15th century): Church of Santo Spirito in Florence( don't finished)
Church of San Lorenzo in Florence
Dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria di Fiori in Florence
·Alberti(15th century): Church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence, Rucellai Palace.
·Bramante(16th century): Church of San Pietro in Montorio, project of the Basilica of San Pietro in Rome ( in the Vatican)
·Michelangelo: Dome of the Basilica of Sain Peter in the Vatican, the staircase of the Laurentian library in Florence.
-Features: showed interest in representing human beauty and proportioned sculptures.
ARTISTS AND WORKS
·Ghiberty: Gates of the Baptistery of Santa Maria dei Fiori
·Donatello: Saint George, Il Zuccone, David in bronze, Equestrian Statue of Gattamelata.
And we will continue tomorrow in class, so tomorrow we will study the famous sculpture Michelangelo and also we will study the painting in the Renaissance ( features, artists and works: Masaccio, Botticelli, da Vinci, Raphael, Tiziano, Michelangelo).
Today also I have added new interesting words on my glossary:
-rustication: almohadillado ( Rucellai Palace)
-Tholos:Templo circular griego
-centralized floor plan: planta centralizada
-equestrian:ecuestre, a caballo
In the today's lesson Paqui has explained a very interesting thing that surprised me. She has told that the tempietto of Saint Peter is built were S.Peter was crucified.
Paqui has explained also the different types of the floor used in the Church's ( Latin cross floor plan and Greek cross floor plan).
Finally, the bell has rung and Paqui has told us to review the new things that we have learned.
See you tomorrow!