Today during the break time, some people have been talking with Paqui about the projects. When the bell has rung all the people have come to the class and started asking her about the projects at the same time and I haven't been able to listen anything. Paqui has said that the next unit is short.
After we have reviewed what we studied last day about the new class-based society:
Later, we have seen some images about the working and living conditions of workers during the Industrial Revolution, the conditions were very dreadful. People were very tired and they didn't rest so they were vulnerable to illnesses (the workers used to work between 12 and 16 hours a day and they could only rest one day per week)
Working conditions http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_KMKPPh4pn_A/S9nkzwOJnRI/AAAAAAAABs4/HkBO4xUimSs/s1600/FOTO+3+CHICAGO+1886.jpg
After this we have started the 3rd point of the unit about the Labour Movement:
Workers destroyed the machines, because they considered them responsible for their bad working conditions. Captain Ned Ludd was an imaginary figure invented by the workers who signed the threat letters to the factories' owners.
Living and working together made the workers become aware of their situation and start organizing themselves to improve their working conditions.
-First workers' association
Mutual Benefit Societies: they helped workers in case of illness or unemployment. Workers paid monthly fees to cover these situations. Trade Unions: Associations of workers of the same profession (trade) created to improve the working conditions of their members. Declared illegal until the Combination Acts (1824). The Tolpuddle martys (1632) were condemned because they created a farmers' union.
Political movement that demanded political rights for the workers. They presented a chart to the Parliament of the UK with their demands. They didn't get what they wanted.
Paqui has said that if you don't protest what is unfair you won't change nothing. And she also has read a quote from an image, "Class consciousness is knowing which side of the fence you're on".
She has explained that Australia was like a prison to the United Kingdom's citizens because the most dangerous people were sent there.
At the end Paqui has said that for homework we have to do exercise 12.
-civil servant -> funcionario
-servant -> sirviente
-clerk -> oficinista
-dreadful -> horrible
-Luddism -> ludismo
-put the blame on / blame -> echar la culpa / culpar
-sentenced to death -> sentenciado a muerte
-class consciousness -> conciencia de clase
-to bother -> molestar
-fence -> valla
-Mutual Benefit Societies -> Sociedades de socorros mutuos
-monthly fee -> cuota mensual
-trade union / union -> sindicato
-vindication / claim -> reivindicación / demanda
SEE YOU ON MONDAY AND HAVE A GOOD WEEKEND!!!