Saturday, October 24, 2015

This day in history: Signature of the Peace of Westphalia and end of The Thirty Years' War.

Hello, I'm Benjamín. Today, 24th October, 367 years ago, exactly in 1648, was signed one of the most important peace treaties, the Treaty of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years' War. I'll explain in a few sentences how began the Thirty Years' War and how it ended.

The Thirty Years' War.

On October 24th 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia was signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years War, one of the most destructive conflicts in the history of Europe. The Thirty Years' War was a war fought in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648 in which most of the major European powers of the time participated.

The origin of the war was religious, consequence of a confrontation between the supporters of the Reform of the Church supported by Luther (Protestants) and the Catholic Church. However, the conflict spread and changed from being a religious war to a dynastic struggle between the German princes with the intervention of other European powers (especially Sweden and France) interested in controlling the power of the Habsburg family.

Europe map 1648-es.png



Signature of the Treaty of Westphalia.

The Westphalia area of north-western Germany gave its name to the treaty that ended the Thirty Years War. The Treaty was signed on October 24th in the Hall of Peace of the City of Münster, in the historical region of Westphalia, which ended by the Thirty Years 'War in Germany and the Eighty Years' War between the Hispanic Monarchy and the Netherlands. In this treaty participated the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (Ferdinand III), the Hispanic Monarchy, France and Sweden, the United Provinces of the Low Countries and their allies among the princes of the Holy Roman Empire.

Westfaelischer Friede in Muenster (Gerard Terborch 1648).jpg


The consequences of the Treaty of Westphalia (1648) were:

  • All the kingdoms accepted the Peace of Augsburg (1555) which established religious freedom of the princes of the Holy Roman Empire, being able to choose either the Catholic or Lutheran confession but without admitting other as the Calvinist. With the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 the religious freedom established in this treaty it was extended and Calvinism became another of the religions allowed.
  • Independence of the Low Countries.
  •  The Hispanic Monarchy lost hegemony in Europe. The kingdom of France became hegemonic.
  • Consolidation of State-nations and Absolute Monarchy.
To understand better what I have written, I leave you a short video in English about the Peace of Westphalia:


2 comments:

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello,

Good work! Here you have my corrections to your text:


I'll explain in a few sentences how the Thirty Years' War began and how it ended.



On October 24th 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia was signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years War, one of the most destructive conflicts in the history of Europe. The Thirty Years' War was a war fought in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648 in which most of the major European powers of the time participated.

The origin of the war was religious, consequence of a confrontation between the supporters of the Reform of the Church supported by Luther (Protestants) and the Catholic Church. However, the conflict spread and changedfrom being a religious war to a dynastic struggle between the German princes with the intervention of other European powers (especially Sweden and France) interested in controlling the power of the Habsburg family.



The Westphalia area of north-western Germany gave its name to the treaty that ended the Thirty Years War. The Treaty was signed on October 24th in the Hall of Peace of the City of Münster, in the historical region of Westphalia, which ended by the Thirty Years 'War in Germany and the Eighty Years' War between the Hispanic Monarchyand the Netherlands. In this treaty participated the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (Ferdinand III), the Hispanic Monarchy,the Kingdoms of France and Sweden, the United Provinces of the Low Countries and their allies among the princes of the Holy Roman Empire.

The consequences of the Treaty of Westphalia (1648) were:

• All the kingdoms accepted the Peace of Augsburg (1555) which established religious freedom of the princes of the Holy Roman Empire, being able to choose either the Catholic or Lutheran confession but without admitting other as the Calvinist. With the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 the religious freedom established in this treaty (it) was extended and Calvinism became another of the religions allowed.


You could replace the video in Spanish for this one in English:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B18zwAVO4q0

That's all. Bye!


Robson Marley said...

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