Today is the first class of Social Sciences of the third term and it’s my turn to write the journal. Today we have reviewed the things we studied about Goya the last day before the Holy Week’s holidays. We have reviewed at first the beginnings of Goya, when he became the court painter, his luminous and colorist paintings… and then we have focused on the period when Goya became deaf and his painting style totally changed to a more personal, critical and free one. He continued working as the court painter but at the same time he made his personal series of etchings: Fantasies (This series of etchings criticized the clergy, the Inquisition, the convenience marriages) Bullfighting and the Follies(in this series he reflected his outlook on humanity and his fear of insanity)
The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters
A way of flying
And one war that deeply affected Goya was the Peninsular War so he painted some dark etchings which reflect the violence between the French and the Spaniards. Here Paqui has told us that Goya was a Francophile and an enlightened person, and that’s why he refused violence.
After the war, he painted his masterpieces: The Charge of the Mamelukes and The Third of May of 1808, but his problems with Ferdinand VII, his liberal ideas, his work for Joseph I put him into trouble and finally he was fired and he retired to a house on the banks of the river Manzanares, called House of the Deaf Man.
|The Third of May of 1808 http://www.allposters.com/-sp/The-Third-of-May-1808-Painted-in-1814-Posters_i2589493_.htm|
The Charge of the Mamelukes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Second_of_May_1808
After seeing and commenting some of the darkest paintings of Goya (for example: Saturn devouring his son, Women laughing…) and the last painting he made (The Milkmaid of Bordeaux) Paqui has explained us that Goya was a genius because he was the precursor of other styles like: romanticism, realism, expressionism, surrealism and also War photography.
The Milkmaid of Bordeaux Women laughing
Then, Paqui has explained us that some painters like Picasso and Manet made a painting similar to The Third of May of 1808
Also, as we have seen The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dalí. Paqui has talked a little about him and after seeing his painting The Great Masturbator, Paqui has told us that Dali used to paint his face in his drawings and that he was homosexual but he rejected his own homosexuality. The last thing Paqui has said about him is that Lorca fell in love with Dalí, but he rejected his love, because he thought it wasn't proper love. He was a very close friend of Dalí together with Luis Buñuel
|The Great Masturbator |
The Persistence of Memory
To end with the class we have copied a scheme about Goya.
Today we have only copied three words on the glossary: