Today in Social Sciences we have learnt a lot. Our today's lesson has been at the first period.
When I have arrived the class, Paqui and Alfredo were talking about a photography competition that Alfredo has won, so congratulations!!! Then, when all the people have arrived, the lesson has started.
First we have done a scheme of the Conference of Paris. We have written the participants (32 States), the features (the defeated countries were not allowed to attend. USA president Wilson's Fourteen Point Plan was the basic document to decide, but it wasn't implemented in the same way in Europe and in the Ottoman Empire. And the winners took revenge on the defeated countries) and the main decisions (that included the Treaty of Versailles, other treaties and the creation of the League of Nations).
While we were copying the scheme, Paqui has told us other treaties:
- Saint Germain: with Austria.
- Neuilly: with Bulgaria.
- Sèvres: with Turkey.
Then, Paqui has continued explaining the Treaty of Versailles. And Paqui has explained the losses of Germany. Here you can see the map in which are reflected the losses of Germany and also the free cities (Danzig and Memel).
The losses of Germany were a big cause of the World War 2.
Then the teacher has talked us about the Mandates of the League of Nations (1st map) and about Europe after the World War 1 (2nd map).
Paqui has explained us the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (that gave birth to the creation of the States of Austria and Hungary) and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (that was respected by Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in order to avoid the extension of the Russian Revolution).
Then she has explained the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire:
At first, all these territories belonged to the Ottoman Empire, but later, Turkey was declared as a country and then it was declared as a republic, the Republic of Turkey. The rest of the territories were organized in this way:
- Lebanon and Syria: were mandates of France.
- Palestine, Transjordan and Iraq: were mandates of Great Britain.
The words we have copied today in our glossary are:
- Vanquished/loser: perdedor
- To attend: asistir
- To implement: llevar a cabo
- League of Nations: Sociedad de Naciones
- Unanimous decision: decisiones por unanimidad
- Blue Helmets: cascos azules (UN)
- To disband: desmantelar
- Latvia: Letonia
I hope you have a good long-weekend, enjoy it, bye!!
Sources of the photos: presentation.