Today we haven´t had class of Social Sciences because the teacher has been on a trip to Toledo, so today we have stayed today in the library of the high school and we have asked for the homework, wich were the causes of the First World War and this is:
-Rivalry between colonial powers: Great Britain and France dominated the majority of the African territory and Germany had arrived late so-called Scramble for Africa. There were two moments of tension in Morocco, due to German attempts to control it.
-Confrontation between different European countries:
º France and Germany, as a consequence of the French-Prussian War.
º Great Britain and Germany were economic competitors and they were fighting for the control of the sea trade routes.
º The Austro-Hungarian and the Russian Empire were fighting for the control of the Balkans. The Ottoman Empire was disintegrating and both powers wanted to extend their influence to this area. There were two moments of tension in the Balkans: the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to Austria in 1908 and the Balkan Wars in 1912-1913, which consolidated the independence of Albania, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania and Bulgaria.
-Exacerbation of nationalism: there was a general tendency of exaltation of the own virtues and contempt towards what was considered foreign.
-Military alliances that divided the main European powers into two confronted factions:
º Triple Alliance, formed by Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
º Tripe Entente, formed by France, Great Britain and Russia.
These alliances committed their members to help each other in case of attack.
-Arms race: all the countries invested a lot of money to buy and make weapons and train their troops. This period was called "armed peace", because all the countries were ready to war.
And this is all. Bye!