At first, Paqui has given us two comics about the World War 1. ¡Puta Guerra! was the first and the second was La Guerra de las Trincheras. While we were seeing the comics, Paqui has reviewed what we studied the last day: the 3rd Stage of the World War 1 called Crisis of the 1917.
Image of the comic ¡Puta Guerra!
La Guerra de las Trincheras
The end of the war was due to two decisive facts. The first one was the arrival of refreshment troops of the U.S.A; and the second one was the Brest-Litovsk Treaty which was signed between Russia and Germany. The Russians stopped fighting and there were no more battles in the Eastern front. Russia lost Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine.
As Russia stopped fighting, the Germans could focus on the Western front and launched two offensives that were stopped. Revolts in the German army and protests against in the government started in Germany.
In the Eastern front, Bulgaria surrendered in September and the Ottoman Empire in October. The Austro-Hungarian army collapsed in the North of Italy and the Balkans.
As protests increased in Germany, the German government tried to negotiate peace. Kaiser Wilhem II abdicated and the republic was proclaimed. The armistice was signed at the Forest of Compiègne, at a train wagon.
Armistice of the 11th of November, 1918
We've also talked about Hitler. He was born in Austria and he wanted to study arts. He went to Vienna to try to go into the art school but as he wasn't so good, the school didn't accept him. After being a wanderer, he was conscripted to go to the World War 1.
When he came back, he was promoted to corporal and hired to spy on the DAP, that was an extreme-right political party. But as he liked the ideas of this party, he go into it and later, he became its leader.
As a leader, he planned a coup d'état but it failed and he was sent to jail. Afterwards the party became so important, the President of the Republic was convinced to convert Hitler in prime minister and from this moment he started changing the laws.
Adolf Hitler at the WW1.
After talking about Hitler, we've talked about the hyperinflation which was produced in Germany due to the money they had to pay because of all the problems they caused. Paqui has told us that Germany stopped paying the World War 1 reparations in 2010.
We've seen images about this event: the children were playing with the money, they were making kites of money and decorating their walls with money because as they produced a lot of money, money didn't have any value.
Prices increased a lot and people were shopping with trolleys full of money.
A man decorating his wall with money
To end with the class, Paqui has given us some homework: we had to do summaries of the Conference of Paris and the Treaty of Versailles.
As always, we've written down some new words:
- To come into force: entrar en vigor.
- Stab in the back: puñalada por la espalda.
- To betray: traicionar.
- Corporal: cabo.
- Anger: ira, enfado.
- Spike: pincho.
- Kurds: Kurdos.
And that's all for today, see you on Thursday!