Today in Social Sciences lesson Paqui has showed us a summarized video to learn more about WW1. At the same time she was stopping it and she has explained us everything slowly. She has putted some examples of some famous films which are about WW1 as ‘War Horse’ or ‘A very long engagement’. Later we have speaked about the different aspects which were mentioned in the video or the characters who appeared in it. At the end of the video appeared a poppy. Paqui has explained us that is a symbol for the died soldiers and people puts one in their chest every 11th November.
After that Paqui has started to talk about the concept of the different stagements of WW1:
- 1ST STAGE: WAR OF MOVEMENT: All the armies moved towards the enemy and planned a short war. Fight developed in two fronts:
· WESTERN FRONT: Germans attacked France through Luxemburgo and Belgium. After the Battle of Marne, the French stopped the German advance. The front stabilized at the end of 1914.
· EASTERN FRONT: The Russians advanced through Eastern Prussia and Galitzia. The Germans stopped them after the Battles of the Masurian Lakes ans Tannenberg.
- 2ND STAGE: WAR OF ATTRITION: The war fronts stabilized and didn’t move sibce the end of 1914. The soldier dug kilometres of trenches and tied to keep their positions at high cost: a lot of lives were sacrified to gain some metres of land. New countries joined the war: Bulgaria joined the Central Powers and Italy and Romania the Triple Entente.
· WESTERN FRONT: War of attrition and some big offensives: the Germans attacked in Verdun and the French reacted at the Somme. The front didn’t move but there were about two million of victims.
· EASTERN FRONT: Big German offensive to the East. The Russians had to retire back.
- 3RD STAGE: CRISIS OF 1917: Serious internal problems in all the belligenent countries:
· Soldiers mutinies in all fronts
· Nationalist protests in Austro-Hungarian Empire
· Easter rising in Ireland (1916)
· Revolution in Russia: the Bolsheviks took power in October 1917 and decided to signa n agreement with the Germans to take Russia out of the war