Hello, I am Carlota.
Today in social class, Paqui has started putting dates of the last exams for this course.
Then she has spoken of the Creation of the USSR: The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was created in 1922: federal State formed by 11 republics.
-One/ Single-party system: the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, considered to be the representatives of the proletariat. The Communist Party controlled all the institutions.
- No division of powers: ruled by Supreme Soviet which controlled both, the executive and the legislative powers.
-Those who opposed the government were persecuted and punished.
Structure of power in the USSR
The people elected into two chambers, Soviet of the union and Soviet of the nationalities and this pass to the Supreme Soviet. The General Secretary of the Communist Party was the Presidium.
The New Economic Policy.
Economic policy launched by Lenin in order to recover production after the wars and the awful consequences of food requisition. Lenin defined it as State capitalism:
-privatization of lands and small factories.
- the State kept the control of the big industries, banks and foreign trade.
Results: economy quickly recovered.
Fight for power: STALIN AND TROTSKY.
-Trotsky wanted to export revolution to other countries (proletarian internationalism)
-Stalin wanted to consolidate revolution in the USSR.
Finally Stalin managed to control the Communist Party, eliminated his enemies and became the leader of the USSR in 1927. Trotsky had to exile and was killled by Stalin's order in 1940.
STALINISM (1927 - 1953)
Period under Stalin's government.
He changed the orientation of the foreign policy. His priority was to transform the USSR into an industrial power. He imposed:
-Collectivization of all the private properties: lands, factories, transports and banks became State property.
-Centrally planned economy: the State controlled and planned economy through the Ministry of Planning. They elaborated Five-Year Plans, in which they decided on all the production of the USSR. All the producers had to carry out these plans.
-Priority to heavy industry, to the detriment of light industry.
Results: quick industralization of the USSR but permanent lack of consumers' goods and consolidation of the black market.