Today in Social Sciences lesson we have learnt about the big colonial empires. At the beginning of the lesson Paqui has explained us about the scramble for Africa. In 1880 there were some colonies on the coast, but some years later all the continent of Africa was full of colonies. The main European powers became confronted in the colonization of Africa. France and the United Kingdom wanted to create continuous empires.( France from West to East and the United Kingdom from North to South).
After that Paqui has explained us The Berlin Conference. In order to avoid a war between the European powers in their race to occupy Africa, Bismarck decided to sponsor a conference in Berlin (1885). The main decisions were: rivers didn't belong to anyone, the country that occupied the coast of a territory could seize the interior and creation of the Congo Free State. In less than 20 years Africa was colonized. All the territory was distributed between the Europeans and only Liberia, Morocco and Abyssinia remained free.
If you want to learn more... https://youtu.be/AC6wggXdBs4
Now, I'm going to talk about the exploitation of Congo. Congo was exploited by King Leopold II of Belgium. He forced workers to collect rubber. They weren't slaves. They didn't receive a salary, they only received food and a house. They had to work faster and faster collecting rubber. If they went slow, Leopold cut one of their hands. He considered them inferior. More than 10 million people died in Congo in this conditions.
Roger Casement was a British man. He was travelling through the river Congo and he discovered what happened there. When he saw the situation he made a report. After that he presented this report to the British Parliament and he explained there the Congo's situation, The British Parliament couldn't do anything. (It happened at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century).
Finally we have spoken about Asia. Asia wasn't distributed as Africa. The Europeans got some territories there. China was the most coveted country. It was a really empire since the Ancient Era. China continued to be independent but the British obliged them to open China to the foreigners after the two Opium Wars. And they revolted against the foreigners (Boxer Rebellion) at the end of the 19th century.
Here you have more information.. http://regentsprep.org/regents/global/themes/imperialism/china.cfm
At the end of the lesson Paqui has given us the assessment of the project. For homework we have to complete a scheme about this and the assessment.
-Date back from - remontarse a
-Rubber - caucho
-Entangle - enredado
-Burma - Birmania
-Forced workers - trabajadores forzosos
-Coveted - deseado
-Boxer rebellion - rebelión de los Bóxers
-Boxers - a group of Chinese people who practised a martial art similar to kickboxing and revolted against the foreign influence in 1899.