Hi, today is my turn to write the journal.
At the beginning of the lesson, some people have asked Paqui their doubts about their projects. Some people have already started their project, but another people have not started yet.
After that, we have continued with WW1. First, Paqui has remembered the causes of WW1. They were four and they can be remembered with the word MAIN:
- Militarism: idea that war was good for nations. All countries invested a lot of money to be ready for the war.
- Alliance: the “Triple Alliance” and the “Triple Entente” were created.
- Imperialism: tension between Austria-Hungary and Russia in the Balkans and France, the UK and Germany.
- Nationalism: feelings of superiority over other nations.
After that, Paqui has explained the pre-bellic crises.
The pre-bellic crises were several crises in the first years of the 20th century, which increased tension. There were two crises in Morocco: one in 1905-1906 and other in 1911, in which tension increased between France and Germany.
There were also two crises in the Balkans: one in 1908 in which Austria seized Bosnia-Herzegovina and other in 1912-1913 that were the Balkan Wars. In the Balkan Wars Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Bulgaria fought against the Ottoman Empire.
At the end of the class, Paqui has explained us the trigger for the war:
On the 28th June 1914, Gavrilo Prinzip killed the heirs of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in Sarajevo. Austria-Hungary accused Serbia of being involved in the terrorist attack. Serbia denied their involvement and refused to allow the Austro-Hungarian police to investigate in Serbia. After that, Austria-Hungary attacked Serbia, then Russia attacked Austria-Hungary, Germany attacked Russia and France through Belgium and finally the UK intervened with France to attack Germany. Italy was the only country that didn't participate initially.
Pre-bellic: prebélico, anterior a la Guerra
Trigger: detonante, gatillo (pistola)