At the beginning of the 20th century Russia was an autocracy ruled by tzars. Tsar Nicolas II concentrated a lot of power, prohibbited political parties and peasants werte the majority of the population.Only in cities like Moscow or Saint Petersburg there were some industries and workers. Some parties appeared: the Constitutional Democrat Party, of liberal ideology; de Social-Democratic Labour Party,a Marxist party; and the Socialist Revolutionary Party, defending the peasants' rights.
There were several Russian revolutions before, during and after World War I. Today we have studied the one of 1905 and a little bit of the Bolshevik Revolution.
- In 1905 there was a first Russian revolution with demonstrations and protests, because the tsar didn't keep the promises he had made in the Constitution about making reforms.
- There was another revolution in Russia in 1917: the Bolshevik Revolution. The defeats of Russian army, hunger, mobilization and protests of peasants and workers let to the creation of Soviets (councils of workers, peasants and soldiers to put an end to the war and to autocracy). In February, tsar Nicolas II abdicated and a democratic Republic was declared. They created a provisional government presided by Kerensky. This government decided to continue with the war and to make reforms to transform Russia into a democracy.
In addition, we have learnt some new concepts, such as "backwarded" (atrasado), "demonstration" (manifestación), "to put the blame on someone" (culpar a alguien) and "desertation" (deserción).
At the end of the class Paqui has given us some questions to complete all this Russian Revolution thing, and I guess we'll correct them tomorrow:
1.- Explain the main features of Tsarist Russia.
2.- Explain what happened in 1905 and its consequences.
3.- What was a Soviet?
4.- Explain what happened to Russia during World War I.