Hello, I'm Inés.
Today, in class of Social Sciences, we have done a lot of things.
At the beginning of the class, the teacher, Paqui, has asked for the homework of the last day, which was a scheme about the development of the French Revolution.
Cristina has been the first person who has corrected the National Constituent Assembly. The main decisions of this Assembly were writing a Constitution, but the King's attitude was really bad, because he had veto right.
Paqui has explained that Louis XVI, the King of France, tried to flee because he didn't like the changes of the French Revolution, so he wanted to recover the Absolutism. When he was fleeing, people saw him and sent him back to Paris.
Paqui has said to us that in Spain, the king can't do things without the permission of the government. Because the government is responsible of the actions of the king.
After, almost Paqui has fell down with a chair and then Paqui has said that she is a tea-totaler.
Later, Jose Luis has asked to Paqui that if she gives him a positive, he'll buy a computer for her.
After then, we have corrected the Legislative Assembly. The main decisions of this Assembly were prohibition of torture, creation of a national army, sell of the properties of the Church and civil constitution of the Clergy.
At the same time, Paqui has explained that the members of the clergy could leave the clergy, they could do that, going to other countries. Also, many of them were counter-revolutionaries, because they wanted to have the same they had before the Revolution. The members of the clergy and nobles wanted to be privileged like in the Ancien Regime, because they lost money.
José María has corrected the end of the monarchy. The monarchy ended because the king conspired to attack his own country, when the people disscovered the lie, they stormed the palace and arrested the king.
At the same time, Paqui has explained that all kings were family, this meant that danger in France is danger for other royal countries. For example, Charles IV supported Louis XVI.
Paqui has explained us that the sans-culottes were groups of workers who supported the most radical reforms. Normally, the supported the Jacobins.
After that, we have continued correcting the scheme.
The Jacobins were called in this way because they met at Saint Jacques convent in Paris.
Later, Débora has corrected the Girondist Convention. The Girondist Conventions made some decisions the most important of which was the execution of the king by guillotine; this execution provoked the formation of a coalition of the European Monarchies against France.
The teacher has said that every execution was public, but the torture not.
In this period the Court of Justice were more powerful than the king. But, the Court of Justice were afraid because the kings of other countries could attacked France.
At the end of the class, Paqui has explained the origin of the name the guillotine; it's a curious story: The doctor Guillotin proposed the use of the guillotine as a "more humanitarian" method to kill people, his idea was used until 1979.
Also, like always we have copied some words of vocabulary.
- Census suffrage -- Sufragio censitario.
- Right to vote -- Derecho de voto.
- Veto power -- Derecho de veto
- To veto -- Vetar.
- To mistrust -- Desconfiar.
- Tea totaler -- Abstemio.
- Heating -- Calefacción.
- To pass a law / bill -- Aprobar una ley.
- Swear the Constitution -- Jurar la Constitución.
- Confiscation -- Expropiación y nacionalización -desamortización.
- Treason -- Traición.
- Spark -- Chispa.
- Sans-culottes -- Sin calzones, sin mallas.
- Convention -- Convención.
- Girondist -- Girondino.
- Jacobins -- Jacobinos.
- Guillotine -- Guillotina.
- Death penalty -- Pena de muerte.
- Wip -- Látigo.