Today in Social Sciences we have done a lot of things.
At first, we have corrected the summary we had to do for today. It was about the War of the Spanish Succession. María has read the causes which caused this war; as Charles II died without successors, he left his kingdoms to Philip of Anjou who was Louis XIV's grandson. But some countries (Austria, the Low Countries, Portugal, Great Britain and the crown of Aragón) were against the French influence over the Hispanic Monarchy and supported Archduke Charles of Austria. In the Iberian Peninsula, Aragón feared for the French absolutism.
Philip V's painting in Xátiva Museum
With the Treaty of Utrecht, Philip V became the king and he had to renounce to his rights of the Crown of France and all the European territories Spain had, were distributed among Austria and Savoy. Great Britain kept Minorca and Gibraltar and they received two rights in the Indies: the Assiento and the ship of permission.
Treaty of Utrecht
Secondly, we have started a new scheme with the title of "The 1st Bourbons (18th century)". Paqui has started explaining us Philip V's reign with some slides. He imposed absolutism, inspired on France's political system. New Planta Decrees were imposed to the Crown of Aragón created, all the Castilian institutions were extended to all the territory, the king was helped by secretaries and councils and intendants were used to collect taxes.
Philip V decided to abdicate in favour of his son Louis in 1724. Louis I reigned only for six months because he died. So Philip V was forced to return to the throne but he was helped by secretaries. After his death in 1746, Ferdinand VI (son of Philip V's first wife) became the new king.
We have started the Ferdinand VI's reign but the bell has rung. So we have to finish the 1st part of the scheme for the next day.
Here you have this interesting video about all we have studied about the War of the Spanish Succession. Hope you like it!
- To fear for/to be afraid of: temer.
- Enthroning: entronización.
- Remorse: remordimiento.
- Nueva Planta Decrees: Decretos de Nueva Planta.
- Barely: rara vez, pocas veces.
- Intendant: intendente.
- Survey: encuesta.
- To complain: quejarse.
- Cadastre: catastro.
This is all for today, hope you have a nice weekend! See you on Monday :)