Thursday, November 27, 2014

Thursday, 27th of November.

Hello everyone! I am Minerva. 

Today in Social Sciences we have done a lot of things. 

At first, we have corrected the summary we had to do for today. It was about the War of the Spanish Succession. María has read the causes which caused this war; as Charles II died without successors, he left his kingdoms to Philip of Anjou who was Louis XIV's grandson. But some countries (Austria, the Low Countries, Portugal, Great Britain and the crown of Aragón) were against the French influence over the Hispanic Monarchy and supported Archduke Charles of Austria. In the Iberian Peninsula, Aragón feared for the French absolutism. 


Philip V's painting in Xátiva Museum 
 
Then, Andrea has read the next point that was about the candidates to the throne and its supporters. 
Azahara has read the development of the war. There were equal forces on both sides, the British invaded Gibraltar and Minorca, the French - Castilian army defeated those who supported Archduke Charles in Almansa (1707). When the Emperor of Austria died, Archduke Charles became Emperor, so after this, the Europeans powers looked for an agreement to end the war (The Treaty of Utrecht). But the war continued in Catalonia until 1714, when Barcelona was bombed by Philip V's order. Finally they surrender. 
With the Treaty of Utrecht, Philip V became the king and he had to renounce to his rights of the Crown of France and all the European territories Spain had, were distributed among Austria and Savoy. Great Britain kept Minorca and Gibraltar and they received  two rights in the Indies: the Assiento and the ship of permission. 

 Treaty of Utrecht

Finally we have copied the consequences of the war because we didn't find them in our book. We have copied some of them but Paqui has said that there were more. One of them was, for example, the birth of Spain as a unified nation with the imposition of the laws of Castile to all the territories (only Navarre and the Basque provinces kept their fueros). 

Secondly, we have started a new scheme with the title of "The 1st Bourbons (18th century)". Paqui has started explaining us Philip V's reign with some slides. He imposed absolutism, inspired on France's political system. New Planta Decrees were imposed to the Crown of Aragón created, all the Castilian institutions were extended to all the territory, the king was helped by secretaries and councils and intendants were used to collect taxes. 
Philip V decided to abdicate in favour of his son Louis in 1724. Louis I reigned only for six months because he died. So Philip V was forced to return to the throne but he was helped by secretaries. After his death in 1746, Ferdinand VI (son of Philip V's first wife) became the new king. 
We have started the Ferdinand VI's reign but the bell has rung. So we have to finish the 1st part of the scheme for the next day. 

 Ferdinand VI
Here you have this interesting video about all we have studied about the War of the Spanish Succession. Hope you like it! 



As always, we have written down some new words in our glossary:
- To fear for/to be afraid of: temer.
- Enthroning: entronización. 
- Remorse: remordimiento. 
- Nueva Planta Decrees: Decretos de Nueva Planta.
- Barely: rara vez, pocas veces.
- Intendant: intendente. 
- Survey: encuesta.
- To complain: quejarse.
- Cadastre: catastro. 

This is all for today, hope you have a nice weekend! See you on Monday :) 

6 comments:

Carla García Sánchez-Rojo said...

Good work Minerva !
As you have included so much information, I guess that you have spent a lot of time doing it, isn't it? Apart from this, I think this point of the unit is very interesting. What do you think?
See you ! :)

francisco jose said...

Hello Carla and Minerva.
I totally agree with Carla I'm sure that you spent a lot of time doing your journal!
Anyway really good work Minerva!!

Gema Sánchez said...

Hello Minerva! Very good work. Congratulations for your journal because it is very complete and long and the afternoon you had to do it, we have had a lot of things to do.
Bye!

Stefania Nes said...

Hello Minerva , I'm agree with my classmathes! You have done a very good and complete journal.
I have seen only a small mistake, "about de candidates" is that you have written "de" in spanish, but it doesn't matter.

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello,

These are my corrections to your journal. I've embedded the video you included, but next time try to find one in English. One thing you have to take into account is to write comma before "but":

- María has read the causes which caused this war; as Charles II died without successors, he left his kingdoms to Philip of Anjou, who was Louis XIV's grandson.

-... In the Iberian Peninsula, Aragón feared for the French absolutism.
Finally we have copied the consequences of the war because we didn't find them in our book. We have copied some of them, but Paqui has said that there were more.

- Paqui has started explaining us Philip V's reign with some slides. He imposed absolutism, inspired on France's political system. New Planta Decrees were imposed to the Crown of Aragón created, all the Castilian institutions were extended to all the territory, the king was helped by secretaries and councils and intendants were used to collect taxes.


-... So Philip V was forced to return to the throne, but he was helped by secretaries. After his death in 1746, Ferdinand VI (son of Philip V's first wife) became the new king.
We have started (the) Ferdinand VI's reign, but the bell has rung. So we have to finish the 1st part of the scheme for the next day.

That's all. Good work.

Minerva Iniesta said...

Hi everybody! Thanks for the good comments about my journal. I spent a lot of time doing it, so I'm glad you like it.

And answering your question Carla... I think it's a very interesting point but it's a little bit long. Anyway it was easy to study it :)