The Old Hospice (Old Hospice of Ave María and Saint King Mr. Fernando). It was made by Pedro de Ribera, during the ruling of Felipe V between 1721-1726.
Pedro de Ribera was born in Madrid in 1681. His father was carpenter. He was disciple of José de Churriguera and Teodoro Ardemans. He was designated lieutenant between 1718 and 1719. That position establish his prestige and permit him occupy a hight post in the Court. One of his most important protectors was Francisco de Salcedo y Aguirre. He died in Madrid in 1742 in the poetry house near the place he was born and he was sepulcrhed in the Church oh Saint Cayetano. He introduced news techniques he used imitations in stones of folded curtains, fabric, tassels and similar things took from mayfly architectures frequent in the daily life. One of the more characteristics elements of his works was the column. Some importants works are:
- New promenade. First door of Saint Vicent.
- Toledos’ Bridge.
- Church of our Señora de Montserrat.
- Church of Saint Cayetano.
- Palace of Torrecilla
- Palace of Satoña
Pedro wanted to created an hospice for the poor people, but in the 20th century become to be used for expositions.
The facade is one of the most examples of urban development of Baroque art. Altarpieces gets up as a front concerning the door of access, an arch escarzano, and acquires an ascending movement culminating in the frontal divided into second bend and curves. Also, in the façade we can distinguish three different highs: the lower has geometric and vegetables forms. In the intermission the decoration tour around the figure of Juan V. And the last high is lower than the others and its organized around a large window with oval form that goes to a central space. We can see the sculpture of Saint Fernando. Ribera used in the façade brick and stone. The ornamentation is original, he used flowers, garland, bows, oval opening…
In 1624, was founded the Hospice (25, March) in the Saint Isabel street and was donated by Juan Carvajal y Vargas. Correctly to its bad conditions, in the year 1674 was decided to move it to the Alta de Fuencarral street, to some houses of Carlos Goveo. In 1711, during the rule of Felipe V, decided the demolition of this houses, to starting with the construction of the definitive building, above the ones of Ribera. From the other constructions its only maintain the Chapel where we can distinguish the canvas of Luca Giordano.
Nowadays, its used like a museum. In 2002 started again with the construction directed by Juan Pablo Rodríguez lasting in 2006.
I include the sources that I used to look about information:
I attach some pictures about the Hospice and his author Ribera: