Wednesday, June 5, 2013

WEDNESDAY 5TH JUNE

Hello !!

   Today, in the class of Social Sciences many people have arrived late, including me. Paqui has reviewed USA after WW1:

   USA had a privileged economic position and they developed consumer society and continuous growth based on easy credit and instalments: real state and Stock Exchange Bubble.

   When Europe's recovery started, there was less demand for USA products and economy contracted. This happened in 1927.

   The beginning of the crisis was on the 24th October 1929, this day the Stock Exchange crashed.
   Paqui has shown us a graphic where the prices in the US Stock Marcket were increasing until 1929, in 1929 prices started to decrease. The lowest prices were in 1932. The extension of the crisis provoked:

     - Many banks went bankrupt because they couldn't recover the loans they had given.
     - Consumption reduced: farmers were ruined and many industrial workers lost their job.
     - Deflation: prices decreased because there weren't buyers for the products.

Paqui has told us that there is a book called The Grapes of Wrath that tells the story of a family of farmers who lost their farm and had to emigrate to the city.


   The crisis coincided with a big drought.
   Paqui has shown us some photos that shown the line of a group of unemployment people with a sentence behind them: "There is no way like America way".



   She has also shown us another photo of two men with a poster offering themselves towork or for work.
   Then Paqui has recommended us to see Cinderella Man, a film that shows the shanties in Central Park.

   In the unemployment rate, the first years of the crisis were catastrophic. From 1929 to 1932 unemployment increased to 25% . From 1932 to 1937 it decreased again.
   The crisis became more serious due to:
     -Economic liberalism orthodoxy
     -Deflationist policy
     -Protectionism
     -The crisis quickly extended to Europe because the USA was the main Europe's creditor.

   In 1932 there were elections and there were different candidates. John Maynard Keynes wasn't a candidate for the elections, he was an economist who had studied the reasons for the crisis and proposed some measures:
       -The State had to intervene in economy and increasee public expenses, even if this meant increasing the state deficit:
        -Investment in public works to create jobs.
        -Stimulation of production, consumption and reduction of stocks.
   Keynes said:
     "Expend money in bad times and not increase taxes in periods of crisis and being austere and increasing taxes in periods of prosperity"



   Here you have some links to know more about Keynes:


  And here you have a song made by Paqui:
   

                    



The candidat who won the elections was F.D. Roosevelt, he launched an economic program based on Keynes ideas: NEW DEAL.


http://www.biography.com/people/franklin-d-roosevelt-9463381

The new words that we have learnt today are:

Deflation: deflación
Inflation: inflación
VAT (Value Added Tax): IVA
The Grapes of Wrath: las uvas de la ira
Drought: sequía
Labour force: población activa
To lower: bajar
Tariffs: aranceles (taxes that have to be pay for introducing foreign products in a country)
Gold standard: patrón oro

Bye bye !! See you tomorrow :)

8 comments:

maria said...

Hi Alicia !! You have done a very good work, your journal is complete and the photos are good too. But I have found one mistake:
the had given--->they had given
Good work, see you:))

Laura Casero Mínguez said...

Hello Alicia! I like your journal! I have found some mistakes!

-Economic liberalims orthodoxy/ Economic LIBERALISM orthodoxy

- John Maynard Keynes was a brithis/ BRITISH

Good work! See you ! :))

Enrique Perez Casero said...

Hi Alicia
I like your yournal because it´s very complete but I have found a mistake at the second paragraph:
-USA had a privileged economoy position> USA had a privileged economic position.
And that´s all, see you

Javi Morales said...

Hi Alicia I like your journal and I think you have worked a lot, I dont find any mistakes. See you

Jesus Morales said...

Hello Alicia,
I like your journal because it's very complete and I haven't found more mistakes.
See you!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Hello everybody,

The previous corrections are all right. These are the last ones:

-… includeing me.

- When Europe's recovery started, there was less demand for USA products and economy contracted. You have to write complete sentences, not only the notes.

-The beginning of the crisis was on the 24th October 1929,

- …went bankrupt

-…has said tous/ told us that there is a book …

-…a poster offering themselves to work or for a job.

- In the unemployment rate, the first years of the crisis were catastrophic. From 1929 to 1932 unemployment increased to 25% .

-In 1932 there were elections and there were different candidates. Keynes wasn’t a candidate to the elections. He was an economist who had studied the reasons for the crisis and proposed some measures

-...British economist who proposed:

-The State had to intervene in economy and increasee public expenses,

-... in periods of prosperity"

- The candidate who won the elections was F.D. Roosevelt, he launched an economic program based...

- VAT (Value Added Tax): IVA
Tariffs: aranceles (taxes that have to be paid for introducing foreign products in a country)

That's all. See you!

Paqui Pérez Fons said...

Sorry, the first correction is wrong. It's including instead of includeing.

Bye!

Alicia Díaz said...

Okk, thanks for the comments. I have already corrected my journal.