Today is my turn for to do the journal. This is my 5th post, so I would like to do this better than the others.
When the people have come into the class, Paqui has said that they have a lot of delays.
The other day we saw the part of the unit about the Congress of Vienna and what revolutions stopped and then started back again in that time.
Then she has put the painting -Liberty Leading the people- by Eugène Delacroix. This image shows us what occurred after the French revolution (1815-1848).
Then, she has explained Liberalism (Political ideology that defines a political system) and its main its main ideas that were put into a constitution are:
- The human beings are born free and have some inalienable rights
-Citizens ´rights are reflected on a Constitution
-The State has to guarantee citizens ´rights (social contract)
-National sovereignty: power belongs to citizens, who exert it through the representatives they choose in the elections.
-Division of powers to avoid abuse.
-Free market: the State doesn’t interfere in economy.
-Classical liberalism: Property is the main right. Only those who have some specific characteristics are considered to be citizens. The defended CENSUS SUFFRAGE.
-Democratic liberalism: The main characteristic is that all the people were equality before the law, all the citizens are equal and have the right to vote: UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE.
Paqui has said that nowadays politics say that they are democratic, but some of the decisions they take aren’t in common with the main ideas of democratic liberalism.
Then we have seen the nationalism: a political ideology that defends the right of the people to decide by themselves and form independent states.
There are two conceptions of nationalism:
-Progressive nationalism: is sais that members of the nation are those who want to belong to it and accept its laws.
-Conservative nationalism: members of the nation are only those who share some common features (such as “race”).
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Some students has said to Paqui that it was the best idea, but she has said that it can cause a lot of problems, like the Nazis, Fernando Marcos said that the Nazis kill a lot of people and that it is not necessary to reach to it, respect to it, Paqui has said that all this ideas came from imperialism and colonialism. At the end, Fernando wasn’t agreeing with conservative and Paqui has said that it isn’t fair because all the people are not equal in that type of nationalism. Also she has said that “race” is an invention from the people, but it doesn’t exist.
Then we have seen the new revolutions in 1820, 1830 and 1848 and Paqui has put an exercise.
I have do this table that we have to complete
-no matter: sin importer
-freedom of choice: libertad de elección
-universal suffrage: sufragio universal
-equality before the law: igualdad ante la ley
-census suffrage: sufragio universal
-inauguration day: toma de posesión (in the USA)
-broadcasting: emisión (TV)
-to broadcast: emitir
-Adress to the German Nation: discursos a la nación alemana