JOURNAL: 24/09/12 - AGE OF DISCOVERY
Arrival of Columbus to America.
Today, first we have reviewed the things we learnt in the previous class: the birth of the modern States and the characteristics of Absolute and Authoritarian Monarchies.
Then, we have checked our homework. For homework, we had to do a scheme about the Age of discoveries. So Paqui has written it on the blackboard. She has started writing about the causes of this age: The conquest of Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire by the Ottoman Turks caused the closure of the terrestrial routes to Asia and the Europeans looked for new trade routes.
After that, we have talked about the "discovered" lands. The Castilians discovered a new continent, America; and the coasts of Africa and a sea route to Asia were the Portuguese discoveries. First, she has taught us that they led to the beginning of globalization process, which means that relationships between different parts of the world started to exist and they permitted the exchange for products, people and knowledge. This process had positive and negative aspects. The positive ones were that a richer and varied diet spread out and there was an extraordinary progress in science; and the negative ones were the demographic catastrophe for the natives and development of slavery.
Another consequence was the creation of overseas empires by Portugal and Castile in the 15th-16th centuries and by France, England and Low Countries in the 17th century. Europe established its supremacy and in this period the accumulation of capital started. During the class we have written some words on our glossary like thief (ladrón), to skirt (bordear), compass (brújula), caravels (carabela) and rise (ascenso).
Territories discovered by Portugal and Castile
Then, Paqui has written another sketch about Society and Economy of this period. She has said that the Society was divided into estates and that new economic activities appeared. For homework, Paqui has said to us that we have to define: "Capitulations of Santa Fe" and "the Treaty of Tordesillas" looking for these definitions on the unit 6 of the book.